Prevalence of ectoparasites in carp fingerlings of Chashma Lake in District Mianwali Punjab Province, Pakistan

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Research Paper 01/05/2019
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Prevalence of ectoparasites in carp fingerlings of Chashma Lake in District Mianwali Punjab Province, Pakistan

Syed Sikandar Habib, Saira Naz, Anum Sadeeq, Muhammad Zohaib Iqbal, Maryam Ali, Rizwan Hanif, Muhammad Asif Malik, Nadia Khan, Khansa Gul, Asma Mushtaq
Int. J. Biosci.14( 5), 468-474, May 2019.
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The Parasites attack causing massive destruction and serious diseases in fish, leading them to extinction, and is also harmful for the public health after its consumption (through food chain). The current study was designed to investigate the prevalence of ectoparasites in fish fingerlings of the family Cyprinidae which have very high market value in Pakistan. This study was conducted during March 2018 to February 2019 of Chashma Lake, district Mianwali Punjab, Pakistan. The aim of the study was to find out the number of ectoparasites prevalence in fish fingerlings and the correlation between the impacts of water quality parameters to parasitic prevalence in fish fingerlings. A total of 300 carp fingerlings of Catla catla, Cirrhinus mrigala, Labeo rohita, Channa punctatus, and Cyprinus carpio were collected from Chashma Lake with the help of local fishermen. The water quality parameters including water temperature, dissolved oxygen, pH and water hardness were measured immediately after sampling by using kit box. After identification in laboratory three groups of ectoparasites were recorded (ciliates, myxozoa and monogeneans). The highest prevalence ratio was recorded in winter (33.4%) while lowest was in rainy (12.3%) season. The study explored that the period of winter season is more favorable for ectoparasites and the fingerlings are more exposed to infection in this season. The findings of the current study suggested that with the seasons changing the deterioration of water quality parameters due to anthropogenic activities in Chashma Lake lead to more stress response in fishes and making them susceptible to pathogen infection.


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