Prevalence of Endoparasites in Two Commercially Important Fish Sardinella lemuru and Glossogobius guiris from Coast of Cabadbaran and Lake Mainit, Caraga, Philippines

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Prevalence of Endoparasites in Two Commercially Important Fish Sardinella lemuru and Glossogobius guiris from Coast of Cabadbaran and Lake Mainit, Caraga, Philippines

Cresencio C. Cabuga Jr., Jojean Marie D. Pondang, Roy B. Piloton, Aibie Jel R. Cornites, Penelope S. Ejada
Int. J. Biosci.23( 1), 33-43, July 2023.
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Abstract

Fish often serves as a staple food and protein source. Most Filipinos depend on fishing activities as a means of living. Fish parasites are diverse and pervasive organisms affecting a variety of hosts, including commercially important fish. Despite being utilized for commercial purposes, limited studies on fish parasitism are done in the Caraga region and are published in the Philippines. This study is one of the few conducted on the prevalence of parasites from the coast of Cabadbaran City and Lake Mainit in Jabonga, Agusan Del Norte, Phils. The two areas were the major fishing ground for different fish varieties sold in the local market. Two fish samples were collected: Glossogobius guiris (n=100) and Sardinella lemuru (n=100). Standardized protocols for fish parasite investigation were adopted. From the collected fish samples, the gastrointestinal tract was subjected, then examined and isolated. Of the 200 individuals, there were 2 found infected withG. guiris and 8 infected withS. lemuru. The recorded parasite was identified as Nematodes and was mostly observed in marine fish species (S. lemuru) when compared to freshwater fish (G. guiris). This implies that the occurrence of these parasites may vary depending on the fish type, maturity, diet composition, and location. A significant difference p=0.0003 was observed in the length-weight and prevalence of fish parasites and infers that size structure is associated with parasitic rate. Thus, the importance of conducting fish parasites could give an understanding of how this ubiquitous organism affects commercially important fish and awareness to the fish-eating community.

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