Prevalence of Intestinal Parasites among school children in District Upper Dir, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Pakistan

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/07/2014
Views (358) Download (7)
current_issue_feature_image
publication_file

Prevalence of Intestinal Parasites among school children in District Upper Dir, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Pakistan

Waheed Ullah, Akram Shah, Qaiser Jamal, Sana Ullah, Ibrar Muhammad, Hamid Ullah
Int. J. Biosci.5( 1), 1-8, July 2014.
Certificate: IJB 2014 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

This study was undertaken to assess the prevalence of intestinal parasitic infection among school going children across District Upper Dir, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Pakistan. A total of 222 stool specimens (156 from boys and 66 from girls) were taken from participants of age 4-15 years. Among 222 inhabitants 81 were included from urban and 141 from rural areas. Overall prevalence of parasitic infection was found to be (73.87%). A total of 10 different species (7 helminthes and 3 protozoans) were detected. The parasites encountered were Ascaris lumbricoides (54.50%), Taenia saginata (16.22%), Hymenolepis nana (10.81%) and Taxocara species (10.36%), Trichuris trichiura (6.76%), Entamoeba coli (5.41%), Giardia lamblia (2.25%), Entamoeba histolytica (1.3%), Enterobius vermicularis (1.3%) and hookworms (0.45%). Ascaris was more frequent (75.18%) in rural community, while Taenia saginata (35.80%), Hymenolepis nana (25.93%) and Taxocara species (28.40%) were more prevalent among urban population.

VIEWS 10

Abdelmoneim SS, Galal AL, Osama A, Abdel-Salam N. 2010. Irritable bowel syndrome in Upper Egypt: The role of intestinal parasites and evidence of the response. Arab Journal of Gastroenterology 11, 96-100.

Abu-Madi MA, Behnke JM, Ismail A. 2008. Patterns of infection with intestinal parasites in Qatar among food handlers and housemaids from different geographical regions of origin. Acta Tropica 106, 213-220.

Chaudhry ZH, Afzal M, Malik MA. 2004. Epidemiological Factors Affecting Prevalence of Intestinal Parasites in Children of Muzaffarabad District. Pakistan Journal of Zoology 36, 267-271.

Crompton DW, Savioli L. 1993. Intestinal parasitic infections and urbanization. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 71, 1-7.

Eligial AM, Masawi AM, Al-Jaser NM, Abdelrahman KA, Shah AH. 2010. Audit of stool analysis results to ensure the prevalence of common types of intestinal parasites in Riyadh region, Saudi Arabia. Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences 17, 1-4.

Ensink JHJ, Hoek DVW, Mukhtar M, Tahir Z, Amerasinghe PF. 2005. High risk of hookworm infection among wastewater farmers in Pakistan. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 99, 809-818.

Fung HIC, Cairncross S. 2009. Ascariasis and handwashing. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 103, 215-222.

Gamboa MI, Navone GT, Ordan AB, Torres MF, Castro LE, Oyhenart EE. 2011. Socio-environmental conditions, intestinal parasitic infections and nutritional status in children from a suburban neighborhood of La Plata, Argentina. Acta Tropica 118, 184-189.

Hsieh MH, Ling WY, Dai CY, Haung JF, Haung CK, Chien HH, Wang CL, Chung WL, Wu JR, Chen ER, Ho CK, Yu ML. 2010. Intestinal parasitic infection detected by stool examination in foreign laborer in Kaohsiung. Kaohsiung J. Med. Sci 26, 136-43.

Jombo GT, Damen JG, Safiyanu H, Odey F, Mbaawuaga EM. 2010. Human intestinal parasitism, potable water availability and methods of sewage disposal among nomadic Fulanis in Kuraje rural settlement of Zamfara state. Asian Pacific Journal of Medicine 3, 491-493.

Kinfu A, Erko B. 2008. Cockroaches as carriers of human intestinal parasites in two localities in Ethiopia. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 102, 1143-1147.

Mascie-Taylor CGN, Karim R, Karim E, Akhtar S, Ahmad T, Montanari RM. 2003. The cost-effectiveness of health education in improving knowledge and awareness about intestinal parasites in rural Bangladesh. Economics and Human Biology 1, 321-330.

NHSR. 1998. National Health survey of Pakistan. Pak. Med. Res. Coun. 110 p.

Pal RA, Subhani F. 1989. Prevalence of intestinal helminth parasites in primary school children of DIR district (N.W.F.P) Pakistan. Journal of science and Technology 13, 99-102.

Pourrut X, Diffo JLD, Somo RM, Bilong BCF, Delaporte E, Lebreton M, Gonzalez JP. 2010. Prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites in primate bushmeat and pets in Camrroon. Veterinary parasitology 175, 187-191.

Qureshi H, Baqai R, Ahmad W. 1999. Secnidazole response in amoebiasis and giardiasis. Eastern Mediterranean Journal 5, 389-390.

Sharif M, Daryani A, Asgarian F, Nasrolahei M. 2010. Intestinal  parasitc infections among intellectual disability children in rehabilitation centers of northern Iran. Resarch in Development Disabilities 31, 924-928.

Siwila J, Phiri IGK, Enemark LH, Nchito M, Olsen A. 2010. Intestinal helminths and protozoa in children in pre-schools in Kafue district, Zambia. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 104, 122-128.

Steinmann P, Usubalieva J, Imanalieva C, Minbaeva G, Stefiuk K, Jeandron A, Utzinger J. 2010. Rapid appraisal of human intestinal helminth infections among school children in Osh oblast, Kyrgyzstan. Acta Tropica 116, 178-184.

Tasawar Z, Kausar S, Lashari MH. 2010. Prevalence of Entamoeba histolytica in humans in Multan. Pak. J. Pharm. Sci 23, 344-348.

USAID. 2005. District Health Profile Upper Dir. Pakistan Initiative for Mothers and Newborns, PAIMAN. p. 6.