Prevalence of malarial parasite in District Buner

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/10/2018
Views (257) Download (11)

Prevalence of malarial parasite in District Buner

Muhammad Ali, Ahmad Sadiq, Hizb-Ur-Rahman, Muhammad Khan, Amir Alam, Naveed Jalil, Zia Ur Rahman
Int. J. Biosci.13( 4), 295-301, October 2018.
Certificate: IJB 2018 [Generate Certificate]


The current study was carried out in DHQ hospital Daggar Buner and some private clinics from January 2017 to June 2017. A total of 3574 patients were tested in which 1941 were males and 1633 were females of different age. Total positive cases were 421/3574; the overall incidence rate was 11.8% in different age groups of males and females. All the positive cases in our research were due to Plasmodium vivax. The results show that District Buner is at risk of malaria especially by Plasmodium vivax. The common symptoms and clinical investigations in all patients include, sever shaking chills, fever, sweating, vomiting, headache and diarrhea. We can stop the high rate of occurrence of malaria infection by knowing its types, ways of transmission and different preventing methods that could help us in preventing the infection in this area. In total of 421 positive cases which were examined during in the current study, all the positive cases were caused by Plasmodium vivax in which 170 were female and 251 were male positives. It is concluded that in the local area of District Buner malaria is common health problem Plasmodium vivax is found in high proportion. Its incidence increases from April to June (22.4% to 32.4%). The higher rate of infection was found in age group of 21-30 years (39.41%). The lowest infection rate was noted in the month of February.


Ahmad T, Hussain A, Ahmad S. 2013. ‘Epidemiology of Malaria in Lal Qilla’, International Journal of Scientific and Technology research 2(11), 199-202.

Ansar M, Nusrat Z, Nadir A, Aminah M, Rubina K. 2010. ‘Haematological Findings and Endemicity of Malaria in Gadap Region’, Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons Pakistan 20(2), 112-116.

Awan Z, Jan A. 2008. ‘Rice fields in relation to malaria in district Bannu, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa’, Proceedings of Pakistan Congress of Zoology 28, 11-21.

Enserink M. 2008. ‘Lower Malaria number reflect better estimates and a glimmer of hope’, Science 321, 1620.

Graham A, Besser K, Blumer S, Branigan T, Czechowski L, Elias I, Guterman D. 2010. ‘The genetic map of Artemisia annua L. identifies loci affecting yield of the antimalarial drug artemisinin’, Science 327, 328-331.

Hadi HFE, Strickland GTPM. 1985. Endimaic malaria in panjab children. Pak J Med Res 24, 63-68.

Hotez PJ, Molyneux H, Fenwick A, Ottesen E, Sachs SE, Sachs JD. 2006. ‘Incorporating A rapid‐impact package for neglected tropical diseases with programs for HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis and malaria’, PLoS Medicine 3(5).

Hozhabri S, Akhtar S, Rahbar M, Luby S. 2000. ‘Prevalence of plasmo- dium slide positivity among the children treated for malaria, Jhangara, Sindh’, Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association 50(12), 401-5.

Ibrahim S, Kausar. 2014. ‘Epidemiological Finding of Malaria in District Buner Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan’, World Journal of Medical Sciences 4(11), 478-482.

Idress M, Sarwar, Fareed J. 2007. ‘Pattern of malarial infection diagnosed at Ayoub Teaching Hospital Abbotabad’, Journal of Ayub Medical College Abbottabad 19(2), 35-6.

Junejo A, Abbasi K, Chand H, Abbasi S. 2012 ‘Malaria in children at children hospital chandka medical college larkana’, Quarterly Medical Channel 18(1), 55-57.

Khan U, Shah A, Awan Z. 2013. ‘Epidemiology of Malaria in Urban and Rural Areas of Bannu District Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan’, International Journal of Modern Biology and Medicine 4(1), 30-39.

Kim J, Imwomg M, Nandy A, Chotivanich K, Nontprasert A, Tonomsing N. 2006. ‘Genetic diversity of Plasmodium vivax in Colkata, India’, Malaria Journal 5, 71.

Kondrachine A. 2008. ‘Situation anlysis of malaria in the province of panjab’.

Muhammad A, Hussain A. 2003. ‘Prevalence of malaria in general population of district Buner’, Journal of Postgraduate Medical Institute 17, 75-80.

Role Back Malaria project. 2009. Africa malaria reports the burden of malaria in Africa.

Shah IR, Rowland M, Mehmood P. 1997. ‘Chloro Quine resistance in Pakistan and the upsurge of falciparum malaria in Pakistan and Afghan refugee population’, Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology 591-602.

Singh B, Kimsung L,  Matusop A. 2004. ‘A large focus of naturally acquired Plasmodium knowlesi infections human beings’ 363 (9414), 101-124.

Snow RW, Guerra CA Noor, AM, Myint HY, Hay SI. 2005. ‘Malaria risk: Estimating clinical episodes of malaria’, Nature 4-5.

Tasawer Z, Mannan F, Arif B. 2003. ‘Prevalence of malaria in Multan’, Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences 3, 123-126.

World Health Organization. 2007. ‘Malaria monitoring and Evaluation reference group: United nation children fund measures’, Evaluation and center for disease control and prevention indicator survey.

World Health Organization. 2010. Guidelines for the treatment of malaria, Geneva.

World Health Organization. (2005). World malaria report. Geneva.

World Health Organization. 2011. World malaria report.

Yasinzai M, Kakar SK. 2003. ‘Incidence of malaria infection in rural areas of District Quetta Pakistan’, Journal of Medical Science 3, 766-772.