Prevalence of obesity and its impact on female reproductive health outcomes in Al-Baha Region: A retrospective assessment

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Research Paper 04/09/2023
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Prevalence of obesity and its impact on female reproductive health outcomes in Al-Baha Region: A retrospective assessment

Saba Beigh, Alanoud Jabbar, Sahar Ayedh, Shaima Mohamed, Nouf Fahad, Rabab Morsy Ahmed, Leila Abdallah Elawad Mohamed Nour
Int. J. Biosci.23( 3), 75-86, September 2023.
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Abstract

Obesity has severe reproductive implications depending on the amount and distribution of body fat. Epidemiological studies have shown that obesity leads to abnormalities in menstruation, infertility, miscarriage, poor pregnancy outcomes, reduced fetal well-being, and diabetes mellitus. No previous study has investigated the Prevalence of Obesity and Its Impact on Female Reproductive Health Outcomes in Al-Baha Region, Saudi Arabia yet. We investigated the retrospective cross sectional case series studies of various patients to see the correlation between obesity, metabolic hormones, and female reproductive disorders. Because of the potential benefits of weight management, lifestyle intervention programs should constitute the first-line treatment for women with reproductive disorders. This retrospective cross-sectional case series study included adult female patients (aged >10 years) with obesity-related reproductive disorders. We examined all patient databases that contained various reproductive disorders and pharmacotherapy prescribed for a definite diagnosis of infertility, abortion, ectopic pregnancy, cervical cancer, irregular menstruation, and other less commonly reported reproductive abnormalities. The study included 150 patients, with 87.9% being married and 12.1% being unmarried. Obesity was linked to infertility concerns in 36.6% (n=55) of 150 obese adults, followed by 20.6% (n=31) of patients with irregular menstrual cycles. The percentage of patients with PCODs associated with increasing obesity was 8.7% (n=13). The proportion of patients who had abortions was 8.7% (n=13). Obesity caused cervical cancer in a small number of patients (1.3%, n=2). Other reproductive complications were responsible for 44% of the cases. In addition, a statistically significant difference of 0.001 was found in the reproductive diagnosis Variations with different age groups. A statistically significant difference of 0.05 was found between the various treatment regimens prescribed based on age groups. The correlation between BMI and obesity outcome according to age groups was found to have a statistically significant difference of 0.05. Obesity has been linked to a variety of reproductive problems. For life-threatening reproductive disorders such as cervical cancer and other reproductive disorders, pharmacotherapeutic interventions are available. Furthermore, because of the potential benefits of weight management, lifestyle intervention programs should be the first-line treatment for infertile women. As a result, personalized therapeutic assistance in clinical care is intended to encourage weight loss in obese patients with infertility. This may also be beneficial during pregnancy, allowing for a more comfortable physiological delivery and healthy pregnancies. The primary limitations of this study are the lack of statistics explaining the prevalence of obesity and its impact on the female reproductive system in Saudi Arabia, as well as the lack of previous studies on the research topic in Saudi Arabia.

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