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Prevalence of parasitic-infestation in domestic pigeons at Malakand region, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

Research Paper | April 1, 2018

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Wali Khan, Sumaira Gul, Maria Gul, Mustafa Kamal

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Int. J. Biosci.12( 4), 1-7, April 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/12.4.1-7


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As there is no data available on parasitic infestation on pigeons in and around Malakand division, the present study was therefore designed to determine the prevalence of ecto- and endo-parasites of domestic pigeons at Malakand region, KPK, Pakistan. A total of 15 adult pigeons (10 males and 5 females) were examined. Out of the total pigeons examined, 13 were found to be infected with three species of ecto-parasites and 10 pigeons were found to be infected with three species of endo-parasites. The three species of ecto-parasites identified were lice of the genera Columbicola columbae 86.6% (n=13/15), Campanulotes bidentatus 46.6% (n=7/15) and Menacanthus stramineus 33.3% ( n=5/15) with overall prevalence of 86.66%. No ticks and mites were recorded. Single ecto-parasitic infection (40%) was more prevalent as compared to double infection (13.33%) and triple infection (33.33%). The three species of endo-parasites identified were two species of cestodes includes Raillietina spp. 60% (n=9/15) and Cotugnia spp. 13.3% (n=2/15). Only one nematode Ascaridia spp. Constituted the lowest prevalence of 1(6.66%) was reported. No trematodes and acanthocephalan were reported. No significant difference (P=0.0194 for lice and P= 0.5166 for endo parasites) was found between examined and infected of male and female pigeons. The pigeons had higher prevalence of single endo-parasitic infection (53.33%) as compared to double infection (33.33%). As parasites are responsible for transmission of various infectious agents and are also responsible for various clinical and sub-clinical diseases we recommend further studies in assessing the prevalence of pigeon’s parasitic infection and effect of parasites on pigeon’s health and production to assist the clinicians regarding epidemiological forecasting and aware the farmers to take appropriate measures against them.


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Prevalence of parasitic-infestation in domestic pigeons at Malakand region, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

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