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Prevalence of plant parasitic nematode Pratylenchus coffeae in Musa in Tamil Nadu and assessment of resistant genotypes for its management

Gunasekaran Tharani, Alagersamy Alagesan, Balakrishnan Padmanaban, Sundaram Jawahar, Subramanian Manivannan

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Int. J. Biosci.19(6), 200-209, December 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/19.6.200-209

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Abstract

Plant parasitic nematodes comprise one of the most economically important pests in banana production worldwide. Nematode secretes effector molecules to modify host cells through their stylet to ingest water and nutrients from plants, which are the primary source for plant growth and production. The resulting water and nutrient deficiency lead to poor plant growth, stunting and toppling of plants. However, plants also produce chemical constituents to combat nematode infestation, among which phenol compounds play a major role in the defence response against Pratylenchus coffeae nematodes. Theincidence of plant parasitic nematodes associated with banana plantations has been encountered in different localities in Tiruchirappalli, Theni, Dindigul, Thanjavur, Namakkal, and Karur districts of Tamil Nadu, among which Tiruchirappalli and Theni districts had recorded 52% and 42.5% of population incidence of P. coffeae, respectively. Besides causing root lesions, the nematode P. coffeae affects the maximum population of the susceptible cultivar Nendran followed by Rasthali and Robusta. The resistant cultivars Pisang lilin and Yankambi Km5 were screened against P. coffeae and it was confirmed by population, reproductive factor and phenolic compounds (P<0.05). This implies that the infestation caused by nematodes varies among different genotypes, and the information obtained in this study would be further helpful in selecting resistant genotypes for the biological control of nematodes.

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Prevalence of plant parasitic nematode Pratylenchus coffeae in Musa in Tamil Nadu and assessment of resistant genotypes for its management

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