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Prevalence of sub-clinical mastitis in cattle & goats and antibiotic sensitivity of their isolates in district Kohat-Pakistan

Research Paper | June 1, 2020

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Muhammad Usman Bashir, Akhlaq Hussain, Fatima Bibi, Benish Jamal, Shazia Mansoor, Mian Walid Layaq, Muhammad Babar Saleem

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Int. J. Biosci.16( 6), 235-240, June 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/16.6.235-240


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Mastitis is an infectious disease of the udder. This disease is not only responsible for the pain and fever in animals but causes huge economic losses by causing permanent damage the teat and changes in milk. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of sub-clinical mastitis (SCM) in the cattle and goats of district Kohat-Pakistan by examining milk samples with the help of surf field mastitis test (SFMT). A total of 200 cattle and 200 goats were considered for sample collection for this study. Among which, 34.5% (69/200) were found positive for SCM in cattle and in goats 46.5% (93/200) were found positive for SCM. Later on, milk samples were also cultured to isolate the bacteria responsible for mastitis. Bacteriological examination of milk samples from cattle revealed Staphylococcus spp. (24.50%), Escherichia coli (17.50%), Streptococcus spp. (15.32%), Bacillus spp. (12.23%), Klebsiella spp. (10.75%), Pseudomonas (8.20%) and others (11.50%) were responsible for SCM and Staphylococcus spp. (35.50%), Escherichia coli (12.40%), Streptococcus spp. (10.10%), Bacillus spp. (10%), Klebsiella spp. (8.40%), Pseudomonas (7.90%) and others (15.7%) were responsible for SCM in goats. Several antibiotics including penicillin, amoxicillin, streptomycin, chloramphenicol, erythromycin, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, gentamycin, ciprofloxacin and tetracycline were used for antibiotic sensitivity test of samples isolated from cattle and goats. Results showed penicillin, chloramphenicol, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole amoxicillin and ciprofloxacin were found effective while others were not found effective against bacterial isolates in-vitro. In conclusion, this study showed true picture of the situation of SCM in the cattle and goats of district Kohat. This study also helped in determining the etiological agents responsible of SCM and the antibiotics effective against these microorganisms to prevent this issue.


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Prevalence of sub-clinical mastitis in cattle & goats and antibiotic sensitivity of their isolates in district Kohat-Pakistan

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