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Prevalence of ticks from buffaloes in different agro ecological zones of Punjab, Pakistan

Research Paper | January 1, 2019

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Marriam Batool, Shabab Nasir, Farhat Jabeen, Tayyaba Sultana

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Int. J. Biosci.14( 1), 140-145, January 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/14.1.140-145


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Ticks are second to mosquitoes as vectors of a number of human pathogens and cattle globally affected like viruses, spirochetes, bacteria, rickettsia, protozoa and filarial nematodes etc. So, this study was carried out to check the prevalence of ticks from buffaloes in different agro ecological zones of Punjab, Pakistan. The collection of ticks was conducted in morning and evening during four seasons of the year 2016 to 2017. Ticks were collected systemically with the help of small forceps. In the laboratory, the process of preservation was carried out by keeping ticks into 50% alcohol. On the basis of morphology the collected ticks were identified microscopically with the help of dichotomous key. The prevalence of ticks was determined by using multiple logistic regressions and odd’s ratio (OR) at 95% confidence level in different zones of Punjab. The results revealed that the overall prevalence of ticks in buffaloes was 37.52% (1201/3200) from Punjab while the highest tick population was recorded from central zone of Punjab, Pakistan. The total nine tick species were identified but Hy. anatolicum and Hy. marginatum were the most abundant ticks species. The highest tick infestation was recorded during summer season and least during winter.


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Prevalence of ticks from buffaloes in different agro ecological zones of Punjab, Pakistan

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