Prevalence of Trypanosoma, Babesia and Anaplasma in cattle reared in the North of Côte d’Ivoire

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Research Paper 01/02/2017
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Prevalence of Trypanosoma, Babesia and Anaplasma in cattle reared in the North of Côte d’Ivoire

Nawolo Yéo, Yahaya Karamoko, Dofara Soro, Zahouli Faustin Zouh Bi, Abou Joel Landry Okon, Biégo Guillaume Gragnon
Int. J. Biosci.10( 2), 21-28, February 2017.
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A study was performed in the north of the Côte d’Ivoire with the aim of determining the prevalence of Trypanosoma, Babesia and the Anaplasma in the cattle. The peripheral veins blood was taken at the ear base on 360 cattle of the two sexes and various age groups during the seasons dry and rainy. The blood sample collected from the breeding of three departments (Korhogo, M’Bengue and Ferkessedougou) in the northern Côte d’Ivoire. The prevalence of blood parasites were determined examining Giemsa-stained smears. Several species of blood parasites were observed under the optical microscope: Trypanosoma vivax (6.94%), Trypanosoma brucei (2.50%), Babesia bovis (45.83%), Babesia bigemina (13.61%), Anaplasma marginale (76.94%) and Anaplasma centrale (42.22%). The analysis of the results showed that in general, the cattle from 1 to 2 years old were more likely to be infected than younger and adult ones.  Age and geographical situation of the breeding did not have any influence on the parasites distribution except Anaplama marginale. Parasites were more detected in rainy season than in dry season excluding Anaplasma marginale. Moreover, the season had an influence on the distribution of the Trypanosoma and the Babesia.


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