Int. J. Biosci.17(6), 241-252, December 2020
Protein-energy malnutrition affects children during their vulnerable age of development. Nutritionally balanced weaning foods are the key to attain optimal physical and mental development of the children. In this study, the biological value of proteins in cereal-legume weaning foods was investigated using rat bioassay. The trial was carried out by feeding the respective diets to 5 groups of Sprague Dawley rats (n=6). Feed intake, water intake, body weight was recorded while urinary and faecal outputs were collected and analysed. Weaning food prepared using germinated grains showed the highest values for PER (1.84±0.75), FER (0.04±0.01), NPR (0.95±0.03), RNPR (0.76 ±0.05), PRE (15.2±0.48), AD (97.47±0.12), TD (99.07±0.66), BV (89.67±2.62) and NPU (88.83±2.28) as compared to the other treatments. It was concluded that germination is a promising processing method to enhance the protein quality in weaning foods.
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