Production of grafted cacao seedlings in dry Season: Its survival and profitability

Paper Details

Research Paper 28/07/2022
Views (713) Download (106)

Production of grafted cacao seedlings in dry Season: Its survival and profitability

Maribel L. Fernandez
Int. J. Biosci.21( 1), 1-7, July 2022.
Certificate: IJB 2022 [Generate Certificate]


The study aimed to assess the survivability and profitability of cacao seedlings production using the grafting technique. Specifically, it aims also to produce at least 1,000 grafted cacao seedlings of the five different varieties of cacao (K1, K2, BR25, ICS40, and UF18) during dry cropping seasons while earning at least Php60.00 each seedling. Cacao seedlings and scion rootstock were obtained from several cacao types and used in this investigation. Cleft grafting was performed by connecting the rootstock and scion until they were permanently united and continued to develop as one plant. In this study, it is concluded that the five varieties of cacao (K1, K2, BR25, ICS40 and UF18) are all suitable for the cleft grafting method. However, in terms of the survival rate of different varieties, UF18 has better survival. Also, the study was able to attain its objectives and generated Php42,356.00 net income with an ROI of 240.06% for the dry season. Therefore, the study is considered highly profitable. This type of business is recommended for small businesses and young entrepreneurs because manpower and machinery are optional and are guaranteed a convenient type of business for small-scale farmers. Furthermore, the five varieties of cacao were suitable for the cleft grafting technique. However, in terms of the survival rate, it is recommended that proper selection of scion, the expertise of a person, cleanliness of the tools and most importantly, the compatibility of the stock and scion must be considered. Moreover, another trial must be confirmed and give a more conclusive result.


Adewale BD, Nduka BA; Adeigbe OO, Taiwo N. 2013. Differential variability and stability of cocoa clones to varied rootstock ages of patch budding. Journal of Chemical, Biological and Physical Sciences,New Delhi 3(1), p.215–221.

Effendy HN, Setiawan B, Muhaimin AW. 2013. Effect Characteristics of Farmers on the Level of Technology Adoption Side-Grafting in Cocoa Farming at Sigi Regency-Indonesia. Journal of Agricultural Science 5(12), 72-77.

Kouassi KD. 2018. Comparison of Grafting Techniques and their Effects on Some Growth Parameters of Ten Elite Cocoa Clones (Theobroma cacao L.). African Journal of Agricultural Research, 13(41), p 2249-2255. http://doi.10.5897/AJAR2015.9847

Mng’omba SA, Akinnifesi FK, Sileshi G, Ajayi OC2010. Rootstock Growth and Development for Increased Graft Success of Mango (Mangifera indica) in the Nursery. African Journal of Biotechnology 9 (9), 1317-1324.

Mohamed FH, Abd El-Hamed KE, Elwan MWM, Hussien MNE. 2014. Evaluation of Different Grafting Methods and Rootstocks in Watermelon Grown in Egypt. Science Horticulture-Amsterdam 168, 145-150.

Munjuga M, Ofori DA, Asaah E, Tchounjeu Z, Simons T, Jamnadass R. 2011. Grafting techniques of Allanblackia spp. Extension guide. World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF), Nairobi, Kenya, p 10.

Munjuga MW, Kariuki JB, Njoroge M, Ofori DA, Jamnadass R. 2013. Effect of Rootstock Type, Scion Source and Grafting Methods on the Healing of Allanblackia Stuhlmannii Grafts under Two Nursery Conditions. African Journal of Horticulture Sciences 7, 1-10.

Ofori DA, Peprah T, Henneh S, Von Berg JB, Tchoundjeu Z, Jamnadass R, Simons AJ. 2008. Utility of Grafting in Tree Domestication with Reference to Allanblackia Parviflora A. Chev. Ghana Journal of Forestry 239(24), p 42-48.

Prawoto AA. 2007. Review on Side Grafting Research of Cacao at Indonesian Coffee and Cocoa Research Institute Jember. Proceeding Seminar on Marginal Land Innovation in Bahasa Indonesia, p 1-7.

Sabir A, Kara Z. 2010. Nursery evaluation of different Grafting Techniques for a Sustainable Viticulture Using 99 R and 5 Bb Rootstocks. Sciences Book, p 468-473.

Salehi-Mohammadi R, Kashi A, Lee SG, Huh YC, Lee JM, Babalar M, Delshad M. 2009. Assessing the Survival and Growth Performance of Iranian Melon to Grafting onto Cucurbita Rootstocks. Korean Journal of Horticultural Science and Technology 27(1), p 1-6.