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Protecting species diversity and ecological structure in relation to sustainable development goals (SDGs) 14 and 15. A scoping review

Cornelius KA Pienaah, Samuel Jerry Cobbina, Matthew Nkoom, Mahama Dangana, Ernest Doodaa, Angkyelaa Joseph, Grace Antwi

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J. Bio. Env. Sci.20(2), 84-93, February 2022

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Abstract

The paper explored and highlighted evolving science, technologies, current improvements, and emerging techniques that are being employed to protect species diversity and their ecological structures in relation to Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) 14 and 15. A desktop review of literature on protection of species diversity and ecological structure was conducted. For the desktop review, Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA) framework was used in searching for and analyzing the literature between 2015 and 2021 year. The study identified ‘‘Robotic jelly fish’’, ‘‘Biobag’’, environmental Deoxyribonucleic Acid (eDNA), use of drones to plant trees, remote sensing, and Geographic Information System (GIS), automated bioacoustics, International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Green list technologies, artificial intelligence and anti-poaching transmitters as some recent technologies employed towards the achievement of SDG 14 and 15. Species diversity and ecological structures are important for nature conservation and human well-being; hitherto human knowledge is inadequate on the overall condition of species diversity and ecological structure and its threats. Finally, to enhance conservation of this threating loss, technology should be advanced to attain SDG 14 and 15.

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Protecting species diversity and ecological structure in relation to sustainable development goals (SDGs) 14 and 15. A scoping review

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