Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Paper Details

Research Paper | February 1, 2022

| Download 5

Protecting species diversity and ecological structure in relation to sustainable development goals (SDGs) 14 and 15. A scoping review

Cornelius KA Pienaah, Samuel Jerry Cobbina, Matthew Nkoom, Mahama Dangana, Ernest Doodaa, Angkyelaa Joseph, Grace Antwi

Key Words:

J. Bio. Env. Sci.20(2), 84-93, February 2022


JBES 2022 [Generate Certificate]


The paper explored and highlighted evolving science, technologies, current improvements, and emerging techniques that are being employed to protect species diversity and their ecological structures in relation to Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) 14 and 15. A desktop review of literature on protection of species diversity and ecological structure was conducted. For the desktop review, Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA) framework was used in searching for and analyzing the literature between 2015 and 2021 year. The study identified ‘‘Robotic jelly fish’’, ‘‘Biobag’’, environmental Deoxyribonucleic Acid (eDNA), use of drones to plant trees, remote sensing, and Geographic Information System (GIS), automated bioacoustics, International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Green list technologies, artificial intelligence and anti-poaching transmitters as some recent technologies employed towards the achievement of SDG 14 and 15. Species diversity and ecological structures are important for nature conservation and human well-being; hitherto human knowledge is inadequate on the overall condition of species diversity and ecological structure and its threats. Finally, to enhance conservation of this threating loss, technology should be advanced to attain SDG 14 and 15.


Copyright © 2022
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Protecting species diversity and ecological structure in relation to sustainable development goals (SDGs) 14 and 15. A scoping review

Aiba SI, Kitayama K. 1999. Structure, composition, and species diversity in an altitude-substrate matrix of rain forest tree communities on Mount Kinabalu, Borneo. Plant Ecology 140, 139-157 (1999). https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1009710618040

Akçakaya HR, Bennett EL, Brooks TM, Grace MK, Heath A, Hedges S. 2018. Quantifying species recovery and conservation success to develop an IUCN Green List of species. Conserv. Biol 32, 1128-1138.

Alvarez-Berríos N, Campos-Cerqueira M, Hernández-Serna A, Delgado CJA, Román-Dañobeytia F, Aide TM. 2016. Impacts of small-scale gold mining on birds and anurans near the Tambopata Natural Reserve, Peru, assessed using passive acoustic monitoring. Trop. Conserv. Sci 9, 832-851. DOI: 10.1177/194008291600900216

Bazzichetto M, Malavasi M, Bartak V, Acosta ATR, Rocchini D, Carranza ML. 2018. Plant invasion risk: a quest for invasive species distribution modelling in managing protected areas. Ecol. Indic 95, 311-319.

Beaudrot L, Ahumada JA, O’Brien T, Alvarez-Loayza P, Boekee K, Campos- Arceiz A. 2016. Standardized Assessment of Biodiversity Trends in Tropical Forest Protected Areas: The End Is Not in Sight. PLOS Biol 14, e1002357.

Behangana, M, Magala R, Katumba R, Ochanda D, Kigoolo S, Mutebi S, Dendi D, Luiselli L, Hughes DH. 2020. Herpetofaunal diversity and community structure in the Murchison Falls – Albert Delta Ramsar site, Uganda : Herpetofaunal diversity. European Journal of Ecology 6(2).

Biggs J, Ewald N, Valentini A, Gaboriaud, C, Dejean T, Griffiths RA. 2015. Using eDNA to develop a national citizen science-based monitoring programme for the great crested newt (Triturus cristatus). Biol. Conserv 183, 19-28.

Borges PAV, Cardoso P, Kreft H, Whittaker RJ, Fattorini S, Emerson BC. 2018. Global Island Monitoring Scheme (GIMS): a proposal for the long-term coordinated survey and monitoring of native island forest biota. Biodiversity. Conserv 27, 2567-2586. DOI: 10.1007/s10531-018-1553-7

Bruckner M. 2017. ‘Frontier Issues: Artificial Intelligence and Other Technologies Will Define the Future of Jobs and Incomes.’ United Nations Economic Analysis & Policy Division. www.un.org/ development/desa/dpad/publication/frontier-issues-artificial-intelligence-and-other-technologies-will-define-the-future-of-jobs-and-incomes/

Castellanos-Galindo GA, Casella E, Mejía-Rentería JC, Rovere A. 2019. Habitat mapping of remote coasts: evaluating the usefulness of lightweight unmanned aerial vehicles for conservation and monitoring. Biol. Conserv 239, 108282.

Colyn RB, Campbell AM, Smit-Robinson HA. 2017. The application of camera trapping to assess Rallidae species richness within palustrine wetland habitat in South Africa, Ostrich 88, 235-245.

Creswell JW. 2005. Research design: Qualitative and quantitative approaches. Sage publications.

Euceda C. 2018. ‘How Technology Can Help Save Our Oceans.’ ITU News, International Telecommunication Union (ITU), https://news.itu. int/ technology-saving-oceans/

Fernández-García JL, Cedillo MDPV. 2017. Faecal DNA template as non-invasive tools to distinguish the endangered Pyrenean desman (Galemys pyrenaicus, Eulipotyphla, Talpidae) from Mediterranean water shrews (Neomys anomalus, Soricomorpha, Soricidae). Hystrix 28, 92-97.

FAO 2018. The State of World’s Forests. Available online: http://www.fao.org/state-of-forests/en/.

FAO 2019. The state of the world’s biodiversity for food and agriculture. http://www.fao.org/3/ CA3129EN / ca3129en.pdf

González-Esteban J, Esnaola A, Aihartza J. 2018. A new sampling method to detect the Pyrenean desman (Galemys pyrenaicus). Hystrix 29,190-194. DOI: 10.4404/hystrix-00078-2018.

Grooten M, Almond REA (eds). 2018. WWF Living Planet Report – 2018: Aiming higher.

Habel JC, Rasche L, Schneider UA, Engler JO, Schmid E, Rödder D, Meyer ST, Trapp, N, Sos del Diego NR, Eggermont H, Lens L. 2019. Final countdown for biodiversity hotspots. Conservation Letters 12(6), p.e12668.

Hunter ME, Meigs-Friend G, Ferrante JA, Kamla AT, Dorazio RM, Diagne LK. 2018. Surveys of environmental DNA (eDNA): a new approach to estimate occurrence in vulnerable manatee populations. Endanger. Species Res 35, 101-111. DOI: 10.3354/esr00880.

Hussein A, El-Naggar. 2020. Human Impacts on Coral Reef Ecosystem, Natural Resources Management and Biological Sciences, Edward R. Rhodes and Humood Naser, Intech Open, DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.88841.

Hussey NE, Kessel ST, Aarestrup K, Cooke SJ, Cowley PD, Fisk AT, Whoriskey FG. 2015. Aquatic animal telemetry: A panoramic window into the underwater world. Science 348.

International Telecommunication Union. 2020. ‘‘AI for Good Global Summit, Geneva, Switzerland’’ 28 Mar 2020, https://aiforgood.itu int/

IUCN. 2021.https://www.iucn.org/news/species/ 202103/african-elephant-species-now-endangered-and-critically endangered-iucn-red-list.

Kays R, Crofoot MC, Jetz W, Wikelski M. 2015. Terrestrial animal tracking as an eye on life and planet. Science 348.

Kotze DC, Macfarlane DM, Ollis DJ. 2018. “WET-Health, a method for rapidly assessing the ecological condition of wetlands in Southern Africa,” in Wetland and Stream Rapid Assessments: Development, Validation, and Applications, eds J. Dorney, R. Savage, R. W. Tiner and P. Adamus (London: Academic Press) 545-550.

Lambertini M. 2018 ‘Sustainable Development Is Only Possible on a Healthy and Sustainable Planet.’ ITU News, International Telecommunication Union (ITU), https://news.itu.int/sustainable-development-sustainable-planet/

Lemos RP, Matielo CB, Santos MG, Rosa VG, Sarzi DS, Rosa JVS, Stefenon VM. 2019. Ecological niche modeling of Schinus molle reveals the risk of invasive species expansion into biodiversity hotspots. Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências 91(4), 1-6.

Meng HH, Zhou SS Li L, Tan YH, Li JW, Li J. 2019. Conflict between biodiversity conservation and economic growth: insight into rare plants in tropical China. Biodiversity and Conservation 28(2), 523-537.

McRae L, Deinet S, Freeman R. 2017. The diversity-weighted Living Planet Index: controlling for taxonomic bias in a global biodiversity indicator. PLoS ONE 12, e0169156.

Measey GJ, Stevenson BC, Scott T, Altwegg R, Borchers DL. 2017. Counting chirps: acoustic monitoring of cryptic frogs. J. Appl. Ecol 54, 894-902. doi: 10.1111/1365-2664.12810

Mona MH, El-Naggar HA, El-Gayar EE, Masood MF, Mohamed ENE. 2019. Effect of human activities on biodiversity in Nabq Protected Area, South Sinai, Egypt. Egyptian Journal of Aquatic Research 9(45), 33-43

Oliveira JSF, Georgiadis G, Campello S, Brandão RA, Ciuti S. 2017. Improving river dolphin monitoring using aerial surveys. Ecosphere 8, e01912. DOI: 10.1002/ecs2.1912

Penuelas J, Jannssens I, Ciais P, Obersteiner M, Sardans J. 2020. Anthropogenic global shifts in biospheric N and P concentrations and ratios and their impacts on biodiversity, ecosystem productivity, food security, and human health. Global Change Biology 26(4), 1962-1985

Moher D, Liberati A, Tetzlaff J, Altman DG, Group PRISMA, Clin Epidemiol J. 2009. Preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses: the PRISMA statement. Oct; 62(10), 1006-12.

Rathoure AK, Patel TK. 2020. Techniques to Assess Animal Diversity: Faunal Diversity Assessment. In Current State and Future Impacts of Climate Change on Biodiversity 238-247). IGI Global.

Rovero F, Zimmermann F. 2016. Camera Trapping for Wildlife Research. Exeter: Pelagic Publishing.

Stephenson PJ. 2019a. Integrating remote sensing into wildlife monitoring for conservation. Environ. Conserv 46, 181-183. DOI: 10.1017/S037689 2919000092

Stephenson PJ, Workman C, Grace MK, Long B. 2020. Testing the IUCN Green List of Species. Oryx 54, 10-11. DOI: 10.1017/S0030605319001200

Stephenson PJ, Bowles-Newark N, Regan E, Stanwell-Smith D, Diagana M, Hoft R. 2017a. Unblocking the flow of biodiversity data for decision-making in Africa. Biol. Conserv 213, 335-340. DOI: 10.1016/j.biocon.2016.09.003

Tahmasebi P, Moradi M, Omidipour R. 2017. Plant functional identity as the predictor of carbon storage in semi-arid ecosystems. Plant Ecology and Diversity 10(2-3), 139-151.

UN. 2020. A crunch year for the biodiversity and climate emergencies’, available at: https:// www.unenvironment.org/news-and-stories/story/ 2020-crunch-year-biodiversity-andclimate-emergencies.

United Nations. 2019. UN Report: Nature’s dangerous decline ‘unprecedented’; species extinction rates’ accelerating’

Valentini A, Taberlet P, Miaud C, Civade R, Herder J, Thomsen PF. 2016. Next generation monitoring of aquatic biodiversity using environmental DNA metabarcoding. Mol. Ecol 25, 929-942. DOI: 10.1111/mec.13428

Van Deventer H, Nel J, Mbona N, Job N, Ewart-Smith J, Snaddon K. 2016. Desktop classification of inland wetlands for systematic conservation planning in data-scarce countries: mapping wetland ecosystem types, disturbance indices and threatened species associations at country-wide scale. Aquat. Conserv 26, 57-75. DOI: 10.1002/aqc.2605

Wich SA, Koh LP. 2018. Conservation Drones: Mapping and Monitoring Biodiversity. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Wich SA. 2015. Drones and conservation. Drones and aerial observation: new technologies for property rights, human rights, and global development. A primer, pp. 63-70. New America.

Williams BA, Grantham HS, Watson JE, Alvarez SJ, Simmonds JS, Rogéliz CA, Da Silva M, Forero-Medina G, Etter A, Nogales J, Walschburger T. 2020. Minimizing the loss of biodiversity and ecosystem services in an intact landscape under risk of rapid agricultural development. Environmental Research Letters 15(1), p.014001.


Style Switcher

Select Layout
Chose Color
Chose Pattren
Chose Background