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Proximate analysis and heavy metal detection in aquatic plants of River Satluj, District Kasur

Research Paper | October 1, 2019

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Muhammad Usman Taj, Asia Iqbal, Sumaira Abbas, Maria Khalid, Yasmeen Akhtar, Muhammad Ayub

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Int. J. Biosci.15( 4), 493-506, October 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/15.4.493-506


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Present study was conducted at five study areas associated with river Satluj which includes: Nagar village, Bhakhiwind, Ganda-Singh Wala, Wallay wala and Surroundings of Leather Tanning Industry Kasur. The triplicated samples of five species of aquatic plants (Phragmites australis, Typha latifolia, Nymphea lotus, Potenderia chordata, Eicchornia crassipes), soil and associated water were collected from all study areas. During the present study the proximate analysis of aquatic plants was as follows, (g/100 g of dry weight). The moisture contents of aquatic plants ranged between (1.7±2.61d to 7.9±2.61a). The protein contents ranged between (2.51±5.57d to 22.14±0.7a). The fat contents ranged between (0.15±2.63d to 6.9±2.77a). The fiber contents ranged between (1.75±3.28d to 16.14±4.8a). The ash contents ranged between (1.62±8.54d to 23.12±8.54a). During this study the lead limits were observed between (0.28±0.001d to 85.60±0.09a), Cadmium values were recorded between (0.11±0.001d to 9.82±0.05a) and Chromium limits were observed between (0.04±0.001d to 11.61±0.02a).The data obtained after heavy metal detection revealed that in roots of most aquatic plants the metal accumulation occurs in order Pb˃Cd˃Cr. In stems and leaves of aquatic plants the metal accumulation occurs in order Pb˃Cr˃Cd. The accumulation of heavy metals in different fragments of aquatic plants occurs in order Roots˃Leaves˃Stems.


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