J. Bio. Env. Sci.11(3), 128-136, September 2017
University students demonstrate to be in a great need for psychological and emotional restoration because of the high amount of stress in their academic life. Immediate contact with nature and restoration experience is a solution for the ever increasing problem of stress. Based on theories of restorative environments and supportive landscapes, natural environments help to human psycho-physiological and emotional resources, which are diminishing with excessive stress. However, how the need for restoration can effect on experience of restorative outcomes through impact of perceived environmental qualities and perceived restorativeness have yet to be investigated. Using a sample of Malaysian university students, this study examined the effect of the need for restoration on relationship between environmental qualities, perceived restorativeness and restorative outcomes. Mean analysis (t-test) is based on individual characteristics and relationship between favorite places and restorative outcomes. Through moderation analysis and bootstrapping in PLS-SEM, the effect of perceived stress level on the aforementioned relationships was evaluated. The effect of perceived stress level on restoration experience through the associations of these greenery and restorativeness characteristics were not supported. However, a positive impact on the effect of green landscape qualities on perceived restorativeness has been found. Although impact of perceived open space qualities on perceived restorativeness was supported, when students have highly been confronted with a set of key tensions of university life, the suggested greenery supportive factors have failed to provide significant effect on students after visit feelings of restoration experience.
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