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Qualitative analysis of yield attributes of sugarcane hybrid lines against red stripe disease in relation to epidemiological factors

Research Paper | December 1, 2018

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M. Aslam Khan, Ajmal Nadeem, Yasir Ali, Muhammad Atiq, Salman Ahmad, Shafqat Ali, Umar Farooq

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Int. J. Biosci.13( 6), 13-24, December 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/13.6.13-24


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Sugarcane is one of the most important major crops all over the world. Its productivity and quality decreased due to many biotic and abiotic factors among these red stripe disease caused by bacterium Acidovoraxavenae subsp.avenae is the most significant. The disease occurrence increased under favorable environmental conditions and caused significant yield losses. For this purpose, characterization of epidemiological factors and yield assessment, associated with red stripe disease of sugarcane was conducted in the Research Area of Sugarcane Research Institute, Ayub Agriculture Research Institute Faisalabad Pakistan under Augmented Design with single replication during crop season 2015.Among all fifteen sugarcane varieties 9 genotypes were resistant with 2.13-5.40 % infection whereas 1 genotype S-2003-US-107 demonstrated moderately resistant response with 9.76% infection. The minimum and maximum temperature, relative humidity exhibited significant while, wind speed and rainfall showed non-significant correlation with disease development. Maximum disease severity was recorded at maximum and minimum temperature ranging from 33-39 and 20-28 °C, respectively. Their disease severity increased with increase in relative humidity 55-70 %, rainfall 5-70 mm and wind speed 1.5-2.5 km/h.Qualitative analysis showed that theAcidovoraxavenaesubsp. avenae significantly decreased the cane height, cane girth, percentage brix, polarity, purity, commercial cane sugar and sugar recovery in all inoculated sugarcane varieties.


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Qualitative analysis of yield attributes of sugarcane hybrid lines against red stripe disease in relation to epidemiological factors

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