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Qualitative and quantitative phytochemical analysis, essential element analysis, antibacterial and antifungal activities of leaves of Typha angustata

Research Paper | October 1, 2015

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Syed Muhammad Salman, Bushra M. Saleem, Durr e Shahwar, Shaukat Ali, Abdul Waheed Kamran, Saleem Nawaz

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Int. J. Biosci.7( 4), 157-165, October 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/7.4.157-165


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Different types of plants in Pakistan can be used as a medicine to cure many diseases. Since a long time ago, the plants have been traditionally used as a medicine due to its medicinal properties. In current study qualitative analysis of the leaves of Typha Angustata of family Typhaceae were collected which shows the presence of alkaloids, tannins, anthraquinones, glycosides, saponins, terpenoids, flavonoids, phlobotannins, carbohydrates, proteins and reducing sugars while quantitative analysis was carried out which shows that flavonoid, alkaloid and saponin were 0.03% , 0.029% and 0.25% respectively. The results of bio assay suggest that the leaves of Typha Angustata also show antimicrobial potential against gram positive and negative bacterial strains i.e. Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and some fungal strains like Aspergillus Niger and Aspergillus Flavus. Similarly some essential elements were analysed by using atomic absorption spectrometer which shows essential elements i.e. Ca, Cu, Ni, Cr, Zn, Fe, Mn, Na, and K in different quantities. Moreover, the current research work will help to introduce new and cost effective antibiotic resources and will help to solve the problem of resistance develop by microbes against allopathic antibiotics.


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Qualitative and quantitative phytochemical analysis, essential element analysis, antibacterial and antifungal activities of leaves of Typha angustata

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