Quality characteristics and risk assessment of arsenic in drinking water of different Villages of District Sujawal, Sindh, Pakistan

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Research Paper 01/09/2020
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Quality characteristics and risk assessment of arsenic in drinking water of different Villages of District Sujawal, Sindh, Pakistan

Abdul Raheem Shar, Ghulam Qadir Shar, Mushtaque Ali Jakhrani, Shahid Ali Jakhrani, Noor Zaman, Noor Ul Hassan Shar, Muhammad Bux Shar, Atta Hussain Rind, Khalid Ahmed Bhutto
Int. J. Biosci.17( 3), 287-294, September 2020.
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The purpose of present study was to create awareness on the effect of contaminated drinking water of Taluka Jati, Sindh, Pakistan and its adverse effects to local consumers. In order to attain this goal, total 35 water samples were collected randomly selected hand pumps and motor pumps of particular study area, in January 2017. The samples were analyzed and results were compared with the drinking water standards of the World Health Organization (WHO). The average arsenic contents found as (4.14g/L) in Mahdi Shah Farm, (15.34g/L) in Malhya Mori Stop, (12.74g/L) in Haji Qadir Bux Lodho, (3.34g/L) in Karim Dino Malhyo, (2.04g/L) in Haji Mir Muhammad Malhyo, (3.94g/L) in Mir Khan Stop, (7.74g/L) in Ibrahim Mandhro, (5.94g/L) in A. Qadir Malkani and (6.4g/L) was in Ghulam Shah Sim Nalo respectively. The arsenic mean ADI was also measured by standard method followed by reported formula. Safe arsenic daily intake in water was found as (0.66 g/day as (g/L). However, water samples of Malhya Mori Stop and Village Haji Qadir Bux. Lodho has maximum ADI of (0.828) and (0.682g/day) which shows that the people of these villages were at risk of various diseases such as skin lesions, black foot disease and various types of cancers etc. Physicochemical parameters of water samples of mentioned villages were also assessed that determines maximum values in villages Mahdi Shah Farm (Turbidity, Chlorides and Fluorides), Malhya Mori Stop (pH and Bicarbonate), Haji Qadir BuxLodho (opp), Karim Dino Malhyo (Alkalinity, Sulphate and Nitrate as N) and Ghulam Shah Sim Nalo (total hardness and electrical conductivity) as well.


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