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Research Paper | June 1, 2015

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Quantitative and qualitative characterization of coal formations expansion in Iran; introducing and case study: coal mines of East Azarbaijan coal-bearing zone

Adel Afkhami Nahand

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J. Bio. Env. Sci.6(6), 493-500, June 2015

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Abstract

Coal is one of the most important fossil energy sources, which has long been used by humans. Hardness of work in underground coal mines and dangerousness that are lurking for miners in coal mines more than any other type of mines perhaps have a significant role in creating a different and more violent environment in coal mines than plants. After exploitation of coal mines in Central Alborz Mountain region in the Second World War, the first efforts to systematic exploration and exploitation of Iran coal mines was considered in the Iran steel production plan. First and foremost problem of coal mines in Iran is negative attitude of high-ranking mining authorities that such a negative attitude will certainly not followed if hardness of work and professional dangerousness as well as the situation of coal mines in the world have been considered. The second problem is its purchaser who always determines the price. If the problems mentioned above, have been considered together with poor technical condition of Iran coal reserves, assignment to the private sector is not an appropriate solution in such situation and will not be able to solve the problems of this section. Coals of this zone are better than coals of other parts of Alborz zone in terms of coking. Current coal mines in East Azarbaijan province are located in areas such as Minbashi Hesar, Khattab 1 and 2, Chali, Khormazard, Ghezel Castle, Goidargh, Amir Maragheh etc. with different quantity and quality.

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Quantitative and qualitative characterization of coal formations expansion in Iran; introducing and case study: coal mines of East Azarbaijan coal-bearing zone

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