Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Quantitative genetic analysis of yield, fibre and physiological traits for drought tolerance of elite cotton cultivars

Research Paper | November 1, 2019

| Download 8

Nasreen Fatima Veesar, Muhammad Jurial Baloch, Wajid Ali Jatoi, Shahnaz Memon, Naila Gandhai, Ghulam Aisha Veesar, Muhammad Naeem Kakar, Sanaullah Bhatti

Key Words:

Int. J. Biosci.15( 5), 443-461, November 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/15.5.443-461


IJB 2019 [Generate Certificate]


Classification of water stress tolerant cotton genotypes is a big challenge for breeders and physiologists. Thus present studies was taken up to identify potential cultivars which have the ability to combine their favourable genes on crossing and produce water stress tolerant progenies. For this purpose, the experiment was carried-out in a factorial design with two irrigation regimes (non-stress vs. water stress at reproductive stage) in four replications at Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics, Sindh Agriculture University, Tandojam, Pakistan. Six cotton genotypes were crossed in a 6 × 6 half diallel mating design during 2010, thus 15 F1s were developed for genetic analysis in 2011. The parent Sadori expressed significantly greater general combining ability for bolls plant-1 (4.04** in non-stress and 4.06** in water stress) and seed cotton yield in Kg ha-1 (165.83** in non-stress and 277.85** in water stress), thus Sadori is regarded as good general combiner parent suitable for hybridization and selection programmes. While many hybrids manifested significantly higher specific combining ability (SCA)  effects, yet cross CIM-496 × CIM-534 exhibited maximum SCA for bolls plant-1 (13.94** in non-stress and 12.89** in stress) and yield (850.09** in non-stress and 1185.35** in stress,  thus considered as good specific combiner hence is suitable for hybrid cotton development in stress and non-stress conditions. The correlation coefficients (r) determined from pooled data revealed that, by and large, the correlations were higher in moisture stress than in non-stress environment. In stress conditions, the higher positive associations between yield, fibre and physiological traits were noted.


Copyright © 2019
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Quantitative genetic analysis of yield, fibre and physiological traits for drought tolerance of elite cotton cultivars

Abro S, Kandhro MM, Laghari S, Arain MA Deho ZA. 2009. Combining ability and heterosis for yield contributing traits in upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.). Pakistan Journal of Botany 41, 1769-1774.

Aguado A, Santos BD, Gamane D, Garcia-del-Moral LF, Romero F, Aguado A. 2010. Gene effects for cotton-fiber traits in cotton plant (Gossypium hirsutum L.) under verticillium conditions. Field Crops Research 116, 209-217.

Ahmad S, Khan TM, Khan AM. 2011. Genetic studies of some important quantitative characters in Gossypium hirsutum L. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology 2, 121-124.

Ahmad W, Khan NU, Khalil MR, Parveen A, Aimen U, Saeed M, Samiullah Shah SA. 2008. Genetic variability and correlation analysis in upland cotton. Sarhad Journal of Agriculture 24, 573-580.

Ahuja S, Dhayal S. 2007.  Combining ability estimates for yield and fibre quality traits in 4 × 13 line × tester crosses of Gossypium hirsutum. Euphytica 153, 87-98.

Al-Hamdani SH, Barger WT. 2003. Influence of water stress on selected physiological responses of three sorghum genotypes. Italian Journal of  Agronomy 7(1), 15-22.

Ali MA, Khan IA, Awan SI, Ali S, Niaz S. 2008. Genetics of fibre quality traits in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.). Australian Journal of Crop Science 2, 10-17.

Ali MA, Bhatti MF, Abbas A, Khan IA. 2011. Inheritance pattern of some multigenic characters in cotton. Journal Agricultural Research 48(1), 25-33.

Allard RW. 1960. Principles of Plant Breeding, John Wiley and Sons Inc, New York, USA.

Amjad MW, Malik TA, Shah MKN, Saleem MA, Sajjad Y, Mehmood R. 2016. Inheritance pattern of physio-morphological traits of cotton under drought stress. Science Letter 4(1), 51-59.

Athar HR, Ashraf M. 2005. Photosynthesis under drought stress. In: Hand Book of Photosynthesis (2ed). M. Pessarakli. CRC Press, New York, USA, p. 795-810.

Baloch  MJ, Khan NU, Rajput MA, Jatoi WA, Gul S, Rind IH, Veesar NF. 2014. Yield related morphological measures of short duration cotton genotypes. The Journal of Animal and Plant Science 24, 1198-1211.

Baodi D, Mengyu L, Hongbo S, Quanqi L, lei L, Feng D, Zhengbin Z. 2008. Investigation on the relationship between leaf water use efficiency and physio-biochemical traits of winter wheat under rained condition. Biointerfaces 62, 280-287.

Basal H, Smith CW, Thaxton PM, Hemphill JK. 2005. Seedling drought tolerance in upland cotton. Crop Science 45, 766-771.

Batao L, Shi Y, Gong JL, Liu J, Shang AH. 2016. Genetic effects and heterosis of yield and yield component traits based on Gossypium barbadense chromosome segment substitution lines in two Gossypium hirsutum L. backgrounds. PLoS ONE 11(6), 1-14.

Bushra TA, Baloch MJ, Bughio Q, Sial P, Arain MA, Baloch A. 2015. Estimation of heterosis and combining ability in F1 hybrids of upland cotton for yield and fibre traits. Pakistan Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research, Ser. B: Biological Science 58(3), 132-139.

Cheatham CL, Jenkins JN, McCarty JC, Watson CE, Wu JX. 2003. Genetic variances and combining ability of crosses of American cultivars. Australian cultivars and wild cottons. The Journal of Cotton Science 7, 16-22.

Clarke JM, McCaig TM. 1982. Evaluation of techniques for screening for drought resistance in wheat. Crop Science 22, 1036-1040.

Deshpande LA, Baig KS. 2003. Combining ability analysis for yield economic and morphological traits in American cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.). Journal Research. ANGRAU 31, 28-34.

Dhivya R, Amalabalu P, Pushpa R, Kavithamani D. 2014. Variability, heritability and genetic advance in upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) African Journal of Plant Science 8, 1-5.

El-Mansy YM, Rokia MH, Abdel-Salam ME. 2010. Estimation of genetic components and genetic divergence in diallel hybrids of cotton. Journal of Agricultural Research, Kafr El-Sheikh University 36, 17-32.

EL-Seoudy AA, Abdel-Ghaffar NY, Awad HY, Abdel-Hady A, Sawsan IMD. 2014. Evaluation of some crosses for economic traits in cotton (Gossypium barbadense L.). Egyptian Journal of Agricultural Research 92(1), 183-192.

Freeman Scott. 2014. Biological Sciences. United States of America: Pearson p 765-766.

GOP. 2016. Cotton: Economic Survey of Pakistan. 2015-16. Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock, Agriculture & Livestock Division (Economic Wing), Government of Pakistan, Islamabad.

Gamal IAM, Abd-El-Halem SHM, Ibrahim EMA. 2009. Genetic analysis of yield and its components of Egyptian cotton (Gossypium barbadense L.) under divergence environments. American-Eurasian Journal of Agriculture and Environmental Science 5, 5-13.

Gomez KA, Gomez AA. 1984. Statistical procedures for agricultural research. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2nd Eds.

Griffing B. 1956. Concept of general and specific combining ability in relation to diallel crossing system. Australian Journal of Biological Science 9, 463-493.

Hassan G, Mahmood G, Razzaq A. 2000. Combining ability in inter-varietal crosses of upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.). Sarhad Journal of Agriculture 16, 407-410.

Imran M, Shakeel A, Azhar F, Farooq M, Saleem J, Saeed FM, Nazeer A, Riaz W, Naeem MM, Javaid MA. 2012.  Combining ability analysis for within-boll yield components in upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.). Genetics and Molecular Research 11, 2790-2800.

Imran M, Kamaran S, Khan TM, Muneer MA, Rashid MA, Munir MZ, Azhar F. 2016. Genetic analysis of fiber quality parameter under water stress in upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) Journal of Agriculture and Environmental Science 5, 134-139.

Jatoi WA, Baloch MJ, Khan NU, Veesar NF, Batool S. 2010. Identification of potential parents and hybrid in intra-specific crosses of upland cotton. Sarhad Journal of Agriculture 26, 25-30.

Kalsay HS, Garg HR. 1988. Analysis of generation means for metric traits in upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.). Indian Journal of Agricultural Science 58, 397-399.

Khokhar ES, Shakeel A, Maqbool MA, Abuzar MK, Zareen S, Aamir SS, Asadullah M. 2018. Studying combining ability and heterosis in different cotton (Gossipier hirsutum L.) genotypes for yield and yield contributing traits. Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Research 31(1), 55-68.

Kiani G, Nematzadeh GA, Kazemitabar SK, Alishah O. 2007. Combining ability in cotton cultivars for agronomic traits. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology 9, 521-522.

Kohli A, Gahakwa D, Vain P, Laurie AD, Christou P. 1999. Transgene expression in rice engineered through particle bombardment: Molecular factors controlling stable expression and transgene silencing. Planta 208(1), 88-97.

Kulembeka HP, Ulembeka HP, Ferguson M, Herselman L, Kanju E, Kamilo GM, Masumba E, Fregene M, Labuschagne MT. 2012. Diallel analysis of field resistance to brown streak disease in cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) landraces from Tanzania. Euphytica 187(2), 277-288.

Madhuri S, Solanke A, Mhasal GS, Deshmukh SB. 2015. Combining ability and heterosis for seed cotton yield, its components and quality traits in Gossypium hirsutum L. Indian Journal of Agricultural Research 49(2), 154-159.

Malik TA, Wright D. 1997.  Use of net photosynthesis and water-use-efficiency in breeding wheat for drought resistance. Pakistan Journal of Botany 29(2), 337-346.

Malik TA, Wright D, Virk DH. 1999. Inheritance of net photosynthesis and transpiration efficiency in spring wheat, Triticum aestivum L., under drought. Plant Breeding 118, 93-95.

Manavalan LP, Nguyen HT. 2017. Drought tolerance in crops: Physiology to genomics. CAB International 2017. Plant stress physiology, (2nd ed. S. Shabala), p 1-23.

Mehmet C, Ünay A. 2015. Combining ability for yields and fiber qualities in cotton crosses (Gossypium hirsutum L.). Journal International Scientific Publications 3, 178-185.

Memon M, Kumbhar MB, Rind MJ, Keerio MI, Memon S. 2016. Combining Ability estimates for yield and fiber quality parameters in Gossypium hirsutum L. hybrids. Journal of Basic and Applied Science 12, 53-58.

Mir YMT, Memon S, Memon S, Mari SN, Laghari S, Soomro ZA, Arain S, Dev W, Abro AA, Abro S. 2016. Combining ability estimates from line x tester mating design in upland cotton. Journal of Basic and Applied Science 12, 378-382.

Naqibullah K. 2003. Genetic analysis, combining ability and heterotic studies for yield, its components, fibre and oil quality traits in upland cotton (G. hirsutum). Ph.D. Dissertation, Sindh Agriculture University, Tandojam, Pakistan.

Naqibullah K. 2013. Diallel analysis of cotton leaf curl virus (CLCuV) disease, yield earlines and fiber traits under CLCuV infestation in upland cotton. Australian Journal of Crop Science 7, 1955-1960.

Nasimi RA, Khan IA, Iqbal MA, Khan AA. 2016. Genetic analysis of drought tolerance with respect to fiber traits in upland cotton. Genetics and Molecular Research 15(4), 1-13.

Okey H, Verbyla A, Pitchford W, Cullis B, Kuchel H. 2006. Joint modeling of additive and non-additive genetic line effects in single field trials. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 113(5), 809-819.

Parviz F. 2016.  Principles and utilization of combining ability in plant breeding.2016 Biometrics and biostatistics International Journal 4(1), 1-24.

Pettigrew WT. 2004. Moisture deficit effect on cotton lint yield, yield components and boll distribution. Agronomy Journal 96, 377-383.

Raghavrao D. 1983. Design of Experiments. Statistical techniques in agricultural and biological research. Oxford and IBH Publishing Company, New Delhi.

Rahman S, ShaheenMS, Rahman M, Malik TA. 2000. Evaluation of excised leaf water loss and relative water content as screening techniques for breeding drought resistant wheat. Pakistan Journal of Biological Science 3, 663-665.

Rana TA, Ahmed M, Iftakhar AK, Muhammad J. 2009. Genetic analysis of some morpho-physiological traits related to drought stress in Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L). International Journal of Agriculture and Biology 11(3), 235-240.

Rathva PA, Vadodariya KV, Pandya MM, Patel MB. 2017. Manifestation of heterosis and combining ability analysis for seed cotton yield and yield contributing characters in cotton (G. hirsutum L.) Green Farming 8(1), 1-5.

Rauf S, Munir H, Basra SMA, Abdullojon E. 2006. Combining ability analysis in upland Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.). International Journal of Agriculture and Biology 8, 341-343.

Rehana A, Baloch MJ, Baloch GM, Chachar QD. 2018. Combining ability estimates for yield and fibre quality traits in Bt and non-Bt upland cotton genotypes. Pure and Applied Biolgy 7(1), 389-399.

Rokaya MH, El-Marakby AM, El-Agroudy MH, Seif MG. 2005. Heterosis and combining ability for fiber-to-seed attachment force, earliness, yield and yield components in a half diallel cross of cotton. Arab University Journal of Agricultural Science 13, 741-753.

Saleem MAS, Malik TA, Shakeel A, Amjid MW, Qayyum A. 2015. Genetics of physiological and agronomic traits in upland cotton under drought stress. Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 52(2), 317-324.

Sana M, Kamran MQ, Naeem AS, Manzoor H, Shahzad MA, Aslam K, Athar HUR. 2018. Assessment of gene action and combining ability for fibre and yield contributing traits in interspecific and intraspecific hybrids of cotton. Czech Journal of Genetics and Plant Breeding 54, 1-13.

Shakoor MS, Malik TA, Azhar FM, Saleem FM. 2010. Genetics of agronomic and fiber traits in upland cotton under drought stress. International Journal of Agriculture and Biolgy 12, 495-500.

Singh RK, Choudhary BD. 1984. Biometrical methods in quantitative genetic analysis. Haryana Agriculture University 32, 191-200.

Sperdouli I, Moustakas M. 2012. Differential response of photosystem-II photochemistry in young and mature leaves of Arabidopsis thaliana to the onset of drought stress. Acta Physiol. Plantarum, 34(4), 1267-1276.

Sprague GF, Tatum LA. 1942.  General versus specific combining ability in single crosses of corn. Journal American Society of Agronomy 34, 923-932.

Vasal SK, Cordova H, Pandey S, Srinivan G. 1986.Tropical maize and heterosis. CIMMYT research highlights, Mexico, D.F, CIMMYT.