Record of Butterflies of St. Martin’s Island, Teknaf, Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh

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Record of Butterflies of St. Martin’s Island, Teknaf, Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh

A.T.M.F. Islam, Md. Mosharraf Hosain, Md. Shahinur Islam, Muhsina Yasmin, Akira Yamanaka
Int. J. Biosci.24( 5), 15-24, May 2024.
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Abstract

St. Martin’s Island (SMI) is an isolated Island in Bay of Bengle of Bangladesh. Its climate, weather and vegetation are more or less similar to mainland Teknaf, Cox’s Bazar. In this study was survey, collection, and faunal record of butterflies in SMI. The surveys were conducted over two years in the months of November and January (winter season) by transects method. The present studies record the occurrence of 16 species belonging to 13 genera and representing 6 families of butterflies from SMI. Most of the species were recorded under family Pieridae (31.25%), and both Papilionidae and Satyridae contained lowest abundance (6.25%). Among those species 56.25% belonged to very common (VC), and 43.75% Common (C) categories with Cox’s Bazar butterfly fauna. These species were influenced significantly by the habitats, because site-2 (shrub) showed the highest species (61.90%) where only (4.76%) species belonged at site-1 (trees). Previously in this area has not been any works on butterflies, though vegetation has been destroying day by day, so comparison of actual butterfly abundance with present data was impossible.

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