Recycling of potato waste in the production of the bioplastic in the Souf Region (Algeria)

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/12/2019
Views (347) Download (20)

Recycling of potato waste in the production of the bioplastic in the Souf Region (Algeria)

Alia Zaid, Khachekhouche Elamine, Djilani Ghemam Amara, Oucif Alouane Alouane, Kharraz Khaled, Sekour Makhlouf, Hacene Laouedj
Int. J. Biosci.15( 6), 1-7, December 2019.
Certificate: IJB 2019 [Generate Certificate]


The plastic had been subject to several criticisms related to the environmental aspect when it experienced very slow biodegradability. On the other hand, it contains chemicals that are very harmful to health and cause many diseases, such as cancer. However, this situation, which our objective is carried out in the recovery of potato waste in the manufacture of a plastic material (bioplastic). That even this work is about preserving the environment and health. Bioplastics are made from starch, which is an extract from the potato tuber. When the potato is considered among the most starch-rich plants and also the most common crop in the Souf region (Algeria). According to the results, starch yield varied between 17.6 0.51% (Kondor) and 19.6 0.5% (Spunta). For bioplastic manufacturing, takes 5 g of starch and mix with water and glycerol in the presence of Naoh and Hcl. Then, make the mixture in a high temperature until the dough is obtained. Finally, after drying, a flexible and solid material (plastic) is obtained, with a yield of 41.4 0.1% to 42.4 0.7%.


Agence Nationale de développement de l’Investissement (ANDI). 2013. Donnée statistiques Alger.

Alia Z, Ghemam Amara D, Chemsa AE, Eddoud A, Souttou K, Sekour M. 2018. Annual and Stationary Variation of Black Rat Rattus Rattus (Linnaeus, 1758) Damage on Date Palm Inflorescences in Southeastern Algeria. World Journal of Environmental Biosciences 7(2), 102-107.

Alvani K, Qi X, Tester RF, Snape CE. 2011. Physico-chemical properties of potato starches. Food  Chemistry, 125(3), p 958-965.

Amara DG, Senoussi MM, Zeid A, Kherraz K. 2015. The Response of Growth and Yield of Potato to Spray Different Concentration of Organic Azot Mixed with Poultry Manure in the Soil Sandy. Research Journal of Pharmaceutical Biological and Chemical Sciences 6(4), 1296-1300.

Amin Md Ruhul, Chowdhury MA, Md Arefin Kowser. 2019. Characterization and performance analysis of composite bioplastics synthesized using titanium dioxide nanoparticles with corn starch. Heliyon 5(8), e02009.

Avella M, Bonadies E, Martusscelli E, Rimedio R. 2001. European current standardization for plastic packaging recoverable through composting and biodegradation. Polymer Testing 20, 517-521.

Copinet A, Bertrand C, Govindin S, Coma V, Couturier Y. 2004. Effects of ultraviolet light (315 nm), temperature and relative humidity on the degradation of polylactic acid plastic films. Chemosphere 55(5), 763-773.

Davidovic A. 2006. Matériaux biodégradables à base d’amidon expansé renforcé de fibres s naturelles application a naturelles application à l’emballage alimentaire Thèse Doctorat spécialité physicochimie des polymère, université du Sud Toulon var France p 201.

Dorota G, Rafał Z, Mieczysław N, Renata S. 2011. Characterization of five potato cultivars according to their nutritional and pro-health components. Acta Scientiarum Polonorum, Technologia Alimentaria 10(1), 73-81.

Ellis PR, Cochrane PM, Dale FBM, Duffus CM, Lynn IMM, Prentice DRM, Swanston SJ, Tiller SA. 1998. Starch production and industrial use. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 7, 289-311.

Errebhi M, Rosen CJ, Gupta SC, Birong DE. 1998. Potato yield response and nitrate leaching as influenced by nitrogen management. Agronomy Journal 90(1), 10-15.

Ezeoha SL, Ezenwanne DJN. 2013. Production of biodegradable plastic packaging film from cassava starch. IOSR Journal of Engineering 3(10), 14-20.

Ghemam AD, Zeïd A, Khaled K, Elkhalifa CA, Bachir K, Mourad SM. 2016. Effects the application of some organic manures with nitrogen levels on the growth and productivity of potato in the Algeria south. International Journal of Agriculture and Environmental Research 2(4), 982-991.

Heddar D. 2014. Etude et conception à l’aide de l’outil CAO d’un moule a injection plastique, Thèse magister en génie mécanique université Mohammed Khider Biskra p 90.

Jogdand SN. 1999. Welcome to the world of ecofriendly plastics.

PNUE (Programmes des Notions Unies pour l’environnement). 2011. Progrès réalisés dans la mise en œuvre du Programme d’action mondial pour la protection du milieu marin contre la pollution due aux activités terrestres aux niveaux national, régional et international sur la période 2007-2011. UNEP/GPA/IGR.3/2. 23p.

Song JH, Murphy RJ, Narayan R, Davies GBH. 2009. Biodegradable and compostable alternatives to conventional plastics. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 364, 2127-2139.

Sriroth K, Chollakup R, Piyachomkwan K, Christopher G. 2014. Biodegradable plastics from cassava starch in Thailand. National Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (BIOTEC), Bangkok, Thailand, p 1-21.

Steinbuchel A, Doi Y. 2002. Biopolymers – Polyesters III- Applications and Commercial Products 4, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim.

Sudesh K, Iwata T. 2008. Sustainability of biobased and biodegradable plastics. Clean Soil Air Water 36(5-6), 433-442.

Wertz JL. 2011. L’amidon et le PLA: deux biopolymères sur le marché. Document ValBiom – Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech. Document FARR-Wal – Avec le soutien de la Région Wallonne – DGO3/4 Réf. 2010_xx_xx, p 17.