J. Bio. Env. Sci.5(2), 598-603, August 2014
The importance of the exerciser’s mental preparation is evident for instructors, however, any researches or tools that assist this will be significance. The aim of this research is to study the self-efficiency and body imagination with education background, exercise literature and BIM of woman footballers. Consequently 59 woman footballers of National team voluntarily taken apart in the research including 3 classes of 20 Juvenescent, 19 young and 20 adolescent. Required data have been collected by personal data’s questionnaires, Shere’s self-efficiency, March’s body imagination and length and weight measurements. Data was analyzed by SPSS, descriptive statics, Pierson’s correlation, Results show that there is direct relationship between these criteria: self-efficiency with body imagination, education background and BMI, and also body imagination with BMI in adult group; self-efficiency with body imagination and body imagination with education background in young group; self-efficiency with BMI and body imagination with exercise background in juvenescent group. One may concluded that body composition and body imagination are among the causes which have direct effect to self-efficiency and can assist the exerciser success.
Bahram A, Abdolmaleki Z, Saleh B. 2012. Motor behavior 11, 13-34.
Bandura A. 1997. Self-efficacy: The exercise of control. Worth Publishers 3, 10-50.
Bodiba P, Madu NS, Ezeokana JO, Nnedum OAU. 2008. The relationship between body mass index and self- concept among adolescent blac female University students. Journal Curationis, 7, 48-59.
Caruso CM, Gill DL. 1992. Strengthening physical self-perceptions through exercise. J Sports Med Phys Fitness 32, 416-427.
Gill DL. 2000. Psychological Dynamics of Sport and Exercise-2nd, Human Kinetics.
Ghasemi A, Momeni M. 2009.Comparison of body image in athletes and non-athletes postmenopausal women. Journal of Senescence 13, 78-85.
Griffin M, Kirby S. 2004. The Effect of Gender in improving Body image and self-esteem. Center for sports and Exercise Science Department of Biological Sciences University of Essex 3, 10-84.
Harter S. 1982. The Perceived Competence Scale for Children. Child Development 3, 87-97.
Ketcham C, Christopher F. 2009. Do Physical Self-Efficacy and Physical Self Concept Mediate the Relationship Between. (Undergraduate Honors Thesis Collection) http://digitalcommons.butler.edu/ugtheses/38.
Malekshahi M, heydari M, tavakoli M. 2011. Relationship between self-respect and self-efficiency of expert volleyball man. second national Conference of university volleyball 2, 25-38
Marsh HW, Martin AJ, Jackson S. 2010. Introducing a short version of the Physical Self- Description Questionnaire: New strategies, short-form evaluative criteria, and applications of factor analyses. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology 32, 438-482.
Martens R. 1987. Coaches guide to sport psychology. Human Kinetics 4, 10-95.
McCabe MP, Ricciardelli LA, Banfield S. 2001. body image, strategies to change muscles and weight, and puberty do they impact on positive and negative affect among adolescent boys and girls? Eating Behaviors 2, 129-149.
McCabe MP, Ricciardelli LA. 2004. Body image dissatisfaction among males across the lifespan: A review of past literature. Journal of Psychosomatic Research 56, 675-685.
Ponyahotra S, Dennerstein L. Lehert P. 1997. “Menopausal experiences of Thai women. Part 1:Symptoms and their correlates”, Maturitas 26, 1-7.
Rodin J, Larson L. 1992. Social factors and the ideal body shape. In Brown well KD, Rodin J, & Wilmore JH(Eds.), Eating, body weight, and performance in athletes: Disorders of modern society Philadelphia: Lea & Febiger 3, 10-80.
Sherer M, Maddux E. 1982. The Self-Efficacy Scale. Construction and validation. Psychological Reports 51, 663-671.
Tiggemann M, Lynch JE. 2001. Body image across the life span in adult women:The role of “self-objectification”. Developmental Psychology 37, 243-253.
Vander JS, Thomas N. 2004. Predictors of body image dissatisfaction and disturbed eating attitudes and behaviors in African and Hispanic girls. Eating Behaviors 5, 291-301.
Werner P, Rini L. 1976. Perceptual-motor development equipment, John Wiley. 5, 10-95.