Relationship of leaf physiognomies of four broad-leaved plant species with their potential for particle seizing from the roadsides of Quetta city

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/08/2021
Views (297) Download (25)

Relationship of leaf physiognomies of four broad-leaved plant species with their potential for particle seizing from the roadsides of Quetta city

Qadir Shah, Saadullah Khan Leghari, Shamim Gul, Shazia Saeed, Palwasha Amanullah, Muhammad Anwar Panezai, Iqbal Khattak
Int. J. Biosci.19( 2), 12-22, August 2021.
Certificate: IJB 2021 [Generate Certificate]


In this study, the influence of leaf surface features of different native plant species on dust particle capture from the road side of Quetta city. The topography of leaf surfaces influences their ability for dust particle capture. Particulate matter capturing capacity of a given plant species, dust in and outside the plant shelter at ground level was collected by using standard formulas and statistical analysis was done by using analysis of variance (ANOVA). Results demonstrated that per unit area of the leaf, total   suspended particles (TSP) captured by the broad-leaved tree were in the order of Vitis vinifera (grape) > Helianthus annuus (sunflower) > Morus alba (white mulberry) > Prunus armeniaca (apricot). There was significant season-wise variation in particulate matter-capturing capacities of leaves, with higher capturing capacities in spring and summer seasons and lower in the autumn season. Leaf surface micro-roughness had a significant positive correlation with the particle-density settled on surfaces of leaves. However, the main factors that affected leaf adsorptive capacity were the number of stomata, the thickness of epi-cuticular wax and the surface morphology of the cuticle over time. The flow of traffic had also a positive correlation with dust fall on leaf surfaces. So the research conclude that leaf surface topography of all study plant species showed a significant correlation with the density of PM on leaf surface throughout the study period.


Amann M, Klimont Z, Wagner F. 2013. Regional and global emissions of air pollutants: Recent trends and future scenarios. Annual Review Environmental. Resources 38, 31–55.

Beckett KP, FreerSmith PH, Taylor G. 2000. Particulate pollution capture by urban trees: effect of species and wind speed. Global change biology 6(8), p 995-1003.

Bing W, Weikang Z, Xiang N, Jinsong W, Xiaoyan W. 2015. Particulate Matter Adsorption Capacity of 10 Evergreen Species in Beijing. Environmental. Science 36, 37–42.

Burtraw D, Krupnick A, Palmer K, Paul A, Toman M, Bloyd C. 2003. Ancillary benefits of reduced air pollution in the US from moderate greenhouse gas mitigation policies in the electricity sector. Journal of Environmental Economics and Management 45(3), 650-673.

Chaturvedi RK, Prasad S, Rana S, Obaidullah SM, Pandey V, Singh H. 2013. Effect of dust load on the leaf attributes of the tree species growing along the roadside. Environmental Monitoring Assessment, 185(1), 383–391.

Paoletti E, Bardelli T, Giovannini G, Pecchioli L. 2011. Air quality impact of an urban park over time. Procedia Environmental Sciences 4(0), 10-16.

Hailong W, Xinxiao Y, Chen S, Yan Z, Zhenming Z. 2012. Advances in the study of PM2. 5 characteristic and the regulation of forests to PM2.5 [J]. Science of Soil and Water Conservation 6, 116-122.

Haines HH. 1988. The Botany of Bihar and Orissa. Adlard & Son and West Newman, Ltd., London, 1066–1258.

Huixia W. 2012. Mechanisms of Plant Leaves Based on Leaf Surface wettability on rainfall Interception and Dust Capturing; Xi’an University of Architecture & Technology: Xian, China.

Wang HX, Wang YH, Yang J, Xie B, Shi H. 2015. Multi-scale comparisons of particulate matter and its size fractions deposited on leaf surfaces of major greening tree species. Scientia Silvae Sinicae 7, 9-20.

Leghari SK, Zaidi MA. 2013. Effect of Air Pollution on the Leaf Morphology of Common Plant Species of Quetta City. Pakistan Journal of Botany 45(S1), 447-454.

Leghari SK, Akbar A, Qasim S, Ullah S, Asrar M, Roail H, Ahamed S, Mehmood K, Ali I. 2019. Estimating Anticipated Performance Index and Air pollution tolerance index of some trees and Ornamental plant species for the Construction of Green Belts. Polish Journal of Environmental Studies. 28, 1759-1769.

Lei W, Shangyu G, Lianyou L, Ha S. 2006. Atmospheric particle‐retaining capability of eleven garden plant species in Beijing. Journal of Applied Ecology 17, 597–601.

Li Y, Wang S, Chen Q. 2019. Potential of thirteen urban greening plants to capture particulate matter on leaf surfaces across three levels of ambient atmospheric pollution. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 16, 402.

Liu L, Guan DS, Peart MR, Wang G, Zhang H, Li Z. 2013. The dust retention capacities of urban vegetation − a case study of Guangzhou, South China. Environmental science and pollution research, 20(9), 6601-6610.

Liu L, Guan DS, Chen YQ. 2013. Morphological structure of leaves and dust-retaining capability of common street trees in Guangzhou Municipality. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 33(8), p 2604-2614.

Mitchell R, Maher BA, Kinnersley R. 2010. Rates of particulate pollution deposition onto leaf surfaces: Temporal and inter‐species magnetic analyses. Environmental pollution 158, 1472–1478.

Mughal SA, Leghari SK, Achakzai, AKK, Asrar M, Ismail T, Ponya Z, Rehman S, Sadiq N. 2018. Effects of road side pollution on physio-morphology of apple. International Journal of Biosciences 12(6), 334-345.

Popek R, Gawrońska H, Wrochna M, Gawroński SW, Sæbø A. 2013. Particulate matter on foliage of 13 woody spe- cies: Deposition on surfaces and phytostabilisation in waxes − a 3-year study. International Journal of Phytoremediation, 15(3), 245-256.

Rai A, Kulshreshtha K, Srivastava PK, Mohanty CS. 2010. Leaf surface structure alterations due to particulate pollution in some common plants. Environmentalist 30, 18–23.

Rai PK. 2016. Impacts of particulate matter pollution on plants: Implications for environmental biomonitoring. Ecotoxicology and environmental safety 129, 120-136.

Sæbø A, Popek R, Nawrot B, Hanslin HM, Gawronska H, Gawronski SW. 2012. Plant species differences in particulate matter accumulation on leaf surfaces. Science of the Total Environment, 427, 347-354.

Speak AF, Rothwell JJ, Lindley SJ, Smith CL. 2012. Urban particulate pollution reduction by four species of green roof vegetation in a UK city. Atmospheric Environment 61, 283-293.

Terzaghi E, Wild E, Zacchello G, Cerabolini BEL, Jones KC. 2013. Forest Filter Effect: Role of leaves in capturing/releasing air particulate matter and its associated PAHs. Atmospheric Environment, 74, 378–384.

Tomašević M, Vukmirović Z, Rajšić S, Tasić M, Stevanović B. 2005. Characterization of trace metal particles deposited on some deciduous tree leaves in an urban area. Chemosphere 61, 753–760.

Vora AB, Bhatnagar AR. 1987. Comparative study of dust fall on the leaves in high pollution and low pollution area in Ahmedabad. V. Caused foliar injury. Journal of Environmental Biology 8(4), 339–346.

Wang H, Shi H, Li Y, Zhang J. 2013. Seasonal variations in leaf capturing of particulate matter, surface wettability and micromorphology in urban tree species. Front. Environmental Science and Engineering 7(4), 579–588.

Yang J, McBride J, Zhou J, Sun Z. 2005. The urban forest in Beijing and its role in air pollution reduction. Urban Forest and Urban Green 3(2), 65-78.

Ysebaert T, Koch K, Samson R, Denys S. 2021. Green walls for mitigating urban particulate matter pollution— A review. Urban forestry & urban greening 59, 127014.

Yaoyao F. 2015. Quantitative Research on Regional Forest PM-Capturing Capability and Analysis of the Related Leaf Micro-Morphology Impact: A Case Study of Shaanxi Central Plain; Chinese Academy of Forestry: Beijing, China.

Zhao CX, Wang YJ, Wang YQ, Zhang HL. 2013. Interactions between fine particulate matter (PM2. 5) and vegetation: A review. Chinese Journal of Ecology 32(8), 2203–2210.

Zhang W, Wang B, Niu X. 2017. Relationship between Leaf Surface Characteristics and Particle Capturing Capacities of Different Tree Species in Beijing. Forests 8(3), 1-12 [online]

Zhang W, Zhang Z, Meng H, Zhang T. 2018. How Does Leaf Surface Micromorphology of Different Trees Impact Their Ability to Capture Particulate Matter? Forests, How Does Leaf Surface Micromorphology of Different Trees Impact Their Ability to Capture Particulate Matter? Forests 9(11), 1-10.

Zheng M, Salmon LG, Schauer JJ, Zeng L, Kiang CS. 2005. Seasonal Trends in PM2.5 Source Contributions in Beijing, China. Atmospheric Environment 39, 3967–3976.