Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Relative abundance of benthic Macro-invertebrates in relation to abiotic environment in Hussainabad nallah, Hunza, Gilgit Baltistan, Pakistan

Research Paper | September 1, 2016

| Download 3

Abida Alam, Jamila Baig, Saif-Ud-Din, Muhammad Arshad, Muhammad Adnan, Ahsan Khan

Key Words:

Int. J. Biosci.9( 3), 185-193, September 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/9.3.185-193


IJB 2016 [Generate Certificate]


Benthic macro-invertebrates have been extensively used as bio-indicators of ecosystem structure. The presence of particular species, taxa or community in the ecosystem reflects the history of that environment as well as the condition of that area. The samples of macro-invertebrates were collected from Hussainabad nallah on 26th April 2014 with the help of D-frame kick net. Total of five stations were selected keeping in view the accessibility to stations. At each station 100 meter area was allocated which was further divided in to five sub stations. A total of 930 macro invertebrates were collected from Hussainabad nallah. Highest density of macro-invertebrates were recorded from Station 2 (45.16%) followed by station 4 (30.86%), station1 (10.75%), station 3 (10.53%) and station 5 (2.68%) respectively. Hussainabad nallah was dominated by ephemeroptera (57.82%), followed by diptera (27.96%), plecoptera (9.68%), tricoptera (3.01%) and coleoptera (0.54%). Highest percentage of ephemeroptera is an indication for fresh environment. The mean value of turbidity was (7.03NTU), pH (6.88), temperature (14oC) and conductivity (372µS/cm) at Hussainabad nallah. Our findings indicated that, the most abundant macro-invertebrate fauna in Hussainabad nallah was ephemeroptera; that may lead to the fact that this order flourish well in fresh environment.


Copyright © 2016
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Relative abundance of benthic Macro-invertebrates in relation to abiotic environment in Hussainabad nallah, Hunza, Gilgit Baltistan, Pakistan

Ali S, Abid H, Amjad A, Muhammad S. 2012. Drinking Water Quality Assessment in some Selected Villages of Nagar Valley Gilgit Baltistan Pakistan. Journal of Science 5(2), 567-574.

Angradi TR, Schweiger EW, Bolgrien DW. 2006. Inter‐habitat variation in the benthos of the Upper Missouri River (North Dakota, USA): implications for Great River bioassessment. River Research and Applications 22(7), 755-773.

Anonymous. 2014a. River.http://en.wikipedia.org/ wiki/River. Retrieved on April 18, 2014.

Anonymous. 2014b. Benthos. http://en.wikipedia. org/wiki/Benthos. Retrieved on April, 21, 2014.

Azrina MZ, Yap CK, Ismail AR, Ismail A, Tan SG. 2006. Anthropogenic impacts on the distribution and biodiversity of benthic macro invertebrates and water quality of the Langat River, Peninsular Malaysia. Ecotoxicology and environmental safety  64(3), 337-347.

Bingham CR, Miller BC, Adams GR. 1990. Correlates of age at first sexual intercourse in a national sample of young women. Journal of Adolescent Research  5(1), 18-33.

Bouchard RW. 2004. Guide to the Aquatic Macro invertebrates of upper Midwest. Water Resources Centre, University of Minneosota, st Paul Minneosota.

Fureder L, Ettinger R, Boggero A, Thater B, Thies H. 2006. Macro invertebrate diversity in Alpine lakes: Effect of altitude and catchment proporties. Hydrobiologia 12(2), 123-144.

Hall LW, Author Reprint L, Author Hall WJ. 2006. Characterization of benthic communities and physical habitat in the Stanislaus, Tuolumne, and Merced River, California. Environmental Monotoring and Assessment 115(2), 223-264.

Hynes HBN. 1970. The ecology of running waters. Liverpool University Press, Liverpool 555p.

Karr JR. 1981. “Assessment of biotic integrity using fish communities”. Literature Review: Wetlands as a Nonpoint Source Pollution Control Measure (August 1993, 31 pages, 127 k).

Mc Clean EO. 1982. Soil pH and lime requirement. P. 209-223. In A. L. Page., R. H. Miller and D. R. Keeny, (Ed) Methods of Soil Analysis, Part 2 2nd ed. American Society of Agronomy. 9, 199-208.

Mishra AS, Nautiyal P. 2013. Longitudinal distribution of benthic macro-invertebrate assemblages in a Central Highlands river, the Tons (Central India). Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci., India, Sect. B Biol. Sci 83(1), 47-51.

Nautiyal P, Shivam A, Rawat G, Singh KR, Verma J, Dwivedi AC. 2004. Longitudinal variation in the structure of benthic communities in the upland Vindhyan and Himalayan: River Continuum Concept approach. Nat. J. life Sci 1(1), 85-88.

Peckarsky BL. 1990. Do predaceous stoneflies and Siltation affect the structure of stream insect communities colonizing enclosures, Canadian Journal of Zoology 63(2), 1519-1536.

Plafkin JL, Barbour MT, Porter KD, Gross SK, Hughes RM. 1989. Rapid bioassessment protocols for use in stream and rivers: benthic macro-invertebrates and fish. Washington, DC: US Environmental Protection Agency.

Richard LA. I954. Diagnosis and improvement of saline and alkaline soils. Agriculture. Hand book 60, p: 101-129.

Singh HR, Nautiyal P, Dobriyal AK, Pokhriyal RC, Negi M, Badoni V, Nautiyal R, Agarwal NK, Gautam A. 1994. Water quality of river Ganga (Garhwal Himalaya). Aqua Hydrobiologia 36(1), 3-15.

Ward JV. 1992. Aquatic Insect Ecology 1. Biology and Habitat. Jhon Willey and Sons, Inc, New York.

Willis D, Feltmate B. 1992.Aquatic Insects. CAB Int. Walling ford UK p.358.