Removal efficiency of vegetable waste mixture for uptake of Cd (II) and Cu (II) ions

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/10/2014
Views (194) Download (7)

Removal efficiency of vegetable waste mixture for uptake of Cd (II) and Cu (II) ions

Rohama Gill, Qurat-ul- Ain Nadeem, Raziya Nadeem, Rabia Nazir,Sunia Aslam
J. Bio. Env. Sci.5( 4), 239-249, October 2014.
Certificate: JBES 2014 [Generate Certificate]


The adsorption capacity of prepared vegetable waste mixture to remove Cd (II) and Cu (II) ions from their respective aqueous solutions was investigated in a batch experimental setup. Maximum uptake capacity of biomass for Cd (II) (303.03 mg/g) and Cu (II) (1000 mg/g) was observed at pH 7 and 2, respectively. The optimized biosorbent dosage of 3.0 g was found to remove metal concentration of 110 ppm of Cd (II) and 30 ppm of Cu (II) ions at temperatures 45°C and 50°C, respectively. The system attained equilibrium when contact time for Cd (II) was 30 minutes while for Cu (II) it was 45 minutes. FT-IR and ICP studies of neat and metal loaded biomass also revealed the presence of Cd (II) and Cu (II) onto the biomass. Kinetic studies showed that Cd (II) and Cu (II) adsorption on the prepared biosorbent follows a pseudo-second order reaction, while the system fits well in the Langmuir isotherm model. The present study revealed that the metal uptake capacity of prepared biomass is significantly higher as compared to the work reported earlier.


Abdullah MA, Prasad AGD. 2009. Kinetic and equilibrium studies for the biosorption of Cr (VI) from aqueous solutions by potato peel waste. International Journal of Chemical Engineering Research 1(2), 51-62.

Arshad M, Zafar MN, Younis S, Nadeem R. 2008. The use of neem biomass for the biosorption of zinc from aqueous solutions. Journal of Hazardous Materials 157(2), 534-540.

Azouaou N, Sadaoui Z, Djaafri A, Mokaddem H. 2010. Adsorption of cadmium from aqueous solution onto untreated coffee grounds: Equilibrium, kinetics and thermodynamics. Journal of Hazardous Materials 184(1), 126-134.

Blazquez G, Hernainz F, Calero M, Ruiz-Nunez, LF. 2005. Removal of cadmium ions with olive stones: the effect of somes parameters. Process Biochemistry 40(8), 2649-2654.

Boss CB, Fredeen KJ. 2010. Concepts, instrumentation and techniques in inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry. Perkin Elmer, Norwalk, U.S.A.

Chatterjee A, Schiewer S. 2011. Biosorption of cadmium (II) ions by citrus peels in a packed bed column: effect of process parameters and comparison of different breakthrough curve models. CLEAN–Soil, Air, Water 39(9), 874-881.

El-Sayed GO, Dessouki HA, Ibrahim SS. 2010. Biosorption of Ni (II) and Cd (II) ions from aqueous solutions onto rice straw. Journal of Chemical Sciences 9, 1-11.

Elshazly AH, Konsowa AH. 2003. Removal of nickel ions from wastewater using a cation-exchange resin in a batch-stirred tank reactor. Desalination 158(1), 189-193.

Gill R, Mahmood A, Nazir R. 2013. Biosorption potential and kinetic studies of vegetable waste mixture for the removal of Nickel (II). Journal of Material Cycles and Waste Management 15(2), 115-121.

Gill R, Nadeem Q, Nadeem R, Nazir R, Nawaz S. 2014. Biosorption capacity of vegetable waste biomass for adsorption of lead and chromium. Journal of Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences Material 5(2), 306-317.

Hanafiah MAK, Yahya, MZA, Zakaria H, Ibrahim SC. 2007. Adsorption of Cd (II) ions from aqueous solutions by lalang (Imperata cylindrica) leaf powder: effect of physicochemical environment. Journal of Applied Sciences 7, 489-493.

Hidalgo-Vazquez AR, Alfaro-Cuevas-Villanueva R, Marquez-Benavides L, Cortes-Martínez R. 2011. Cadmium and lead removal from aqueous solutions using pine sawdust as biosorbent. Journal of Applied Sciences in Environmental Sanitation 6(4), 447-462.

Ho YS, Ofomaja AE. 2006. Biosorption thermodynamics of cadmium on coconut copra meal as biosorbent. Biochemical Engineering Journal 30(2), 117-123.

Hussain MA, Salleh A, Milow P. 2009. Characterization of the adsorption of the lead (II) by the nonliving biomass Spirogyra neglecta (Hasall) Kutzing. American Journal of Biochemistry and Biotechnology 5(2), 75.

Jaikumar V, Ramamurthi V. 2009. Effect of biosorption parameters kinetics isotherm and thermodynamics for acid green dye biosorption from aqueous solution by brewery waste. International Journal of Chemistry 1(1), 13-17.

Low K, Lee C, Liew S. 2000. Sorption of cadmium and lead from aqueous solutions by spent grain. Process Biochemistry 36(1-2), 59-64.

Mahvi AH, Gholami F, Nazmara S. 2008. Cadmium biosorption from wastewater by ulmus leaves and their ash. European Journal of Scientific Research 23(2), 197-203.

Pino GH, Souza de Mesquita LM, Torem ML, Pinto, GAS. 2006. Biosorption of cadmium by green coconut shell powder. Minerals Engineering 19(5), 380-387.

Rathinam A, Maharshi B, Janardhanan SK, Jonnalagadda RR, Nair BU. 2010. Biosorption of cadmium metal ion from simulated wastewaters using Hypnea valentiae biomass: A kinetic and thermodynamic study. Bioresource Technology 101(5), 1466-1470.

Saikaew W, Kaewsarn P, Saikaew W. 2009. Pomelo peel: agricultural waste for biosorption of cadmium ions from aqueous solutions. World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology 56, 287-291.

Sankaran M, Hanan NP, Scholes RJ, Ratnam J, Augustine DJ, Cade BS, Zambatis N. 2005. Determinants of woody cover in African savannas. Nature 438(7069), 846-849.

Schieber A, Saldana MA. 2009. Potato peels: a source of nutritionally and pharmacologically interesting compounds—a review. Food 3(2), 23-29.

Silverstein RM, Webster FX. 2009. Spectrometric Identification  of  Organic  Compounds.  John  Wiley, New York, U.S.A.

Singh A, Sabally K, Kubow S, Donnelly DJ, Gariepy Y, Orsat V, Raghavan GSV. 2011. Microwave-assisted extraction of phenolic antioxidants from potato peels. Molecules 16(3), 2218-2232.

Taha GM, Arifien AE, El-Nahas S. 2011. Removal efficiency of potato peels as a new biosorbent material for uptake of Pb (II) Cd (II) and Zn (II) from their aqueous solutions. The Journal of Solid Waste Technology and Management 37(2), 128-140.

Tanska M, Zadernowski R, Konopka I. 2007. The quality of wheat bread supplemented with dried carrot pomace. Polish Journal of Natural Sciences 22(1), 126-136.

Tsai W, Yang TJ, Lai CM, Cheng WY, Lin CH, Yeh CW. 2006. Characterization and adsorption properties of eggshells and eggshell membrane. Bioresource Technology 97(3), 488-493.

Zafar H, Nadeem R, Saeed R, Gill R, Iqbal T, Akhtar K. 2013. Exclusion of Zn (II) from aqueous solution using corncob (Zea mays stalk) after chemical modifications with inorganic acids and bases. Desalination and Water Treatment.,1-6.

Zahrim AY, Tizaoui C, Hilal N. 2011. Removal of highly concentrated industrial grade leather dye: Study on several flocculation and sand filtration parameters. Separation Science and Technology 46(6), 883-892.

Zawani Z, Luqman A, Thomas S. 2009. Equilibrium, kinetics and thermodynamic studies: adsorption of remazol black 5 on the palm kernel shell activated carbon (PKS-AC). European Journal of Scientific Research 37(1), 63-71.