Removal of Fe in well water using surface flow constructed wetland system with Eichhornia crassipes and Pistia stratiotes L.

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Research Paper 02/01/2023
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Removal of Fe in well water using surface flow constructed wetland system with Eichhornia crassipes and Pistia stratiotes L.

Nopi Stiyati Prihatini, Muhammad Firmansyah, Indah Nirtha, Chairul Abdi, Andi Suryanata
Int. J. Biosci.22( 1), 18-26, January 2023.
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Abstract

Research on water Fe removal by Eichhornia crassipes and Pistia stratiotes L. on the Constructed Wetland (CW) system was carried out to know the efficiency of Fe removal on the Surface Flow Constructed Wetland (SF-CW) system.  The research was conducted on well water in Selat Makmur Village, Beruntung Baru District, Banjar Regency, South Kalimantan Province, Indonesia. Fe concentration in existing well water is 2.24 mg / L; compared to the Regulation of the Minister of Health of the Republic of Indonesia No. 32 of 2017 concerning water health requirements for sanitary hygiene purposes, the well water exceeds the predetermined quality standards.  This study used six reactors where two reactors contained Pistia stratiotes L.; two reactors had Eichhornia crassipes and two other reactors without vegetation as control reactors. The dimensions of each reactor are 90cm x 30cm x 45cm, operated for 20 days with a residence time of 5 days. The density of P.stratiotes L. and E.crassipes used was 540g/108L wet-weight.  The highest Fe removal efficiency of SF-CW with P.stratiotes L. vegetation occurred on the 15th day at 85.11%, and SF-CW with E.crassipes on the 10th day at 89.32%. The results of this study show that both vegetation with the SF-CW system can be considered for use by the surrounding community because this vegetation can remove Fe.

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