Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Paper Details

Research Paper | December 1, 2015

VIEWS 1
| Download 1

Rendemen, gel strength and viscosity of red algae Kappaphycus alvarizii (Doty) in Minahasa Peninsula

Reni Lusia Kreckhoff, Sukoso, Bagyo Yanuwiadi, Remy Mangindaan, Charles Renee Keppel

Key Words:


J. Bio. Env. Sci.7(6), 23-31, December 2015

Certification:

JBES 2015 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Seaweed Kappaphycus alvarezii is member of red algae (Rhodophyta) largely cultivated that is a carrageenan source highly needed in various industries worldwide. This study was aimed at knowing the rendemen, the gel strength and the gel viscosity of the carrageen production from K. alvarezii farming sites in Minahasa penninsula. Samples were collected from 4 regencies and extracted for carrageenan analysis and its physical properties. Results showed that the highest rendemen, 55.31%, was found in the product of Sondaken, South Minahasa, followed by Buku Tengah, Southeast Minahasa, 47.04%, Tumpaan, Minahasa, 39.62%, and the lowest in Jayakarsa, North Minahasa, 30.94%. The highest gel strength was recorded in the product of Buku Tengah, 1,391 g, followed by Tumpaan, 1,113 g, Jayakarsa, 626 g, and the lowest in Sondaken, 557 g. The highest viscocity was found in the product of Buku Tengah, 60 cps, then Sondaken 50 cps, Likupang, 40 cps, and Tumpaan, 30 cps, respectively. The highest rendemen occurred in the water with temperature range of 28.4 – 29.9oC and pH of 8.14 – 8.15. The highest gel strength was found in thw water with nitrate concentration range of 0.1-0.2 gr/cm2 , the highest viscosity in salinity range of 29.1 – 29.7 ppm. Carrageenan quality was highly dependent upon the interactions among water quality parameters and the supporting seaweed K. alvarezii farming site for optimal nutrient absorption around its habitat.

VIEWS 1

Copyright © 2015
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
http://innspub.net
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Rendemen, gel strength and viscosity of red algae Kappaphycus alvarizii (Doty) in Minahasa Peninsula

Apriyantono  A,  Fardiaz  D,  Puspitasari  NL, Yasni  S,  Budiyanto S.  1989.  Analysis  of  food. Bogor: Bogor Agricultural University Press.

Bunga SM, Montolalu RI, Harikedua JW, Montolalu L, Watung AH, Taher N. 2013. Physico-chermical characteristics of seaweed Kappaphycus alvarezii carrageenan at various harvest period collected from Arakan waters, south Minahasa. Jurnal Media Teknologi Hasil Perikanan 1, 54-58.

Campo VL, Kawano DE, Silva Jr DB, Carvalho I. 2009. Carrageenans: biological properties, chemical modifications and structural analysis. Carbohydrate Polymers 77, 167-180. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.carbpol.2009.01.020.

Dawes CJ, Lawrence JW, Mathieson AC, Cheney DP. 1974. Ecological studies of Floridian Eucheuma (Rhodophyta. Gigartinales) III. In: Seasonal variation of carrageenan, total carbohydrate, protein, and lipid. Bulletin of Marine Science 24, 286-299.

Doty MS, Santos GA. 1988. The production and uses of Eucheuma. In: Doty MS, Caddy JF, Santelices B, Eds. Studies of seven commercial seaweeds resources. Ed. Rome: FAO Fisheries Technical, Paper 281.

Doty MS. 1985. Biotechnological and economic approaches to industrial development based on marine algae in indonesia. In: Workshop on marine algae biotechnology. Jakarta December 11-13. Washington DC: National Academy Press, 31-43.

Duduku K, Sarbatly R, Prasad DMR, Bobo A. 2008. Mineral contents of some seaweed in Sabah’s South China Sea. Asian Journal of Scientific Research 1, 166–170.

Ensminger AH, Ensminger ME, Konlande JE, Robson JRK. 1995. The concise encyclopedia of food and nutrition. Boca Raton Florida: CRC Press.

Gerung GS, Ohno M. 1997. Growth rate of Eucheuma denticulatum (Burman) Collin et Harvey and Kappaphycus alvarezii (Schmitz) Doty under different conditions in warm waters of Southern Japan. Journal of Applied Phycology 9, 413-415. http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1007906326617.

Harun  M,  Montolalu  RI,  Suwetja  IK.  2013. Physico-chemical characteristics of seaweed Kappaphycus alvarezii carrageenan at different harvest period in Tihengo, North Gorontalo Regency. Jurnal Media Teknologi Hasil Perikanan 1, 7-12.

Lundsor E. 2002.  Eucheuma farming in Zanzibar. University of Bergen. 62p.

McHugh DJ. 2003. A guide to the seaweed industry. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of United Nation. FAO Fisheries Technical, Paper 441.

Moirano AL. 1977. Sulphated seaweed polysacharides. In: Graham MD, Ed. Food colloids. The AVI Publishing Company Inc.

Mubarak H, Soegiarto A, Sulistyo, Atmadja WS. 1990. Technical guide to seaweed culture. Agricultural Research and Development (Puslitbangkan). Jakarta: IDRC-INFIS.

Muñoz J, Freile-Pelegrin Y, Robledo D. 2004. Mariculture of Kappaphycus alvarezii (Rhodophyta, Solieriaceae) colour strains in tropical waters of Yucatán, México. Aquaculture 239, 161–177. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2004.05.043

Nuguit MRA, Tisera WL, Lanioso A. 2009. Growth performance and carrageenan yield of Kappaphycus alvarezii (Doty) and Eucheuma denticulatum (Burman) Collins et Harvey, farmed in Bais Bay, Negros Oriental and Olingan, Dipolog City. The Threshold 4, 38-51.

Prasetyowati C, Jasmin A, Agustiawan D. 2008. Carrageenan flour production from seaweeds (Eucheuma cotonii) based on different maceration methods. Journal Chemical Technique 15 (2), 27-33.

Romenda AP, Pramesti R, Susanto AB. 2013. Effect of different alkaline solution and concentration on the carrageenan gel strength and viscousity of Kappaphycus alvarezii, Doty. Journal Marine Science 2, 127-133.

Santoso J, Gunji S, Yoshie-Stark S, Suzuki T. 2006. Mineral content of Indonesian seaweed and mineral solubility affected by basic cooking. Food Science and Technology Research 12, 59–66.

Santoso J, Sukri N, Uju. 2007. Characteristics of alkaline treated Cottonii (ATC) at various harvest period. Journal Fisheries and Marine Sciences Research 6, 85–90.

Soegiarto A, Sulistijo W, Atmadja S, Mubarak H. 1978. Seaweeds (algae): benefit, potential, and culture. Jakarta: Institute of National Oceanology– LIPI.

Suryaningrum TD. 1988. Study on cultured seawed commodity quality characteristics, Eucheuma cottoni and Eucheuma spinosum. Master Thesis. Graduate Program, Bogor: Bogor Agricultural University.

Syamsuar. 2006. Characteristic carrageenan of Seaweed Eucheuma cotonii at diferent harvesting time, KOH consentration and extraction time. Master Thesis. Graduate Program, Bogor: Bogor Agricultural University.

Towle AG. 1973. Carrageenan. In: Whistler RL, Ed. Industrial gum: polysacharides and their derivates. London: Academic Press.

Tri PH. 1999. Morphological variability of Kappaphycus cottonii in Vietnam. Kappaphyus/Eucheuma, 247-255.

Voight R. 1994. Pharmaceutical technology 3rd edition. Soendani N, Transl. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press.

Wenno MR, Thenu JL, Lopulalan CGC. 2012. Caracteristics of kappa carrageenan from K. alvarezii at diferent harvesting times. Jurnal Perikanan Budidaya 7, 61-67.

Winarno FG. 1990. Seaweed processing technology. Jakarta: Pustaka Sinar Harapan, 112 p.

Winarno FG. 1996. Seaweed processing technology: carrageenan extraction. First Edition. Centre Information of Science and Technology. Jakarta: Pustaka Sinar Harapan.

Yokovleva IM, Skriptsova AV. 2002. Polymorphism of the carrageenan-containing Red Algae of Thicocarpus crinitus in Sivuch ‘Ya Bay, Sea of Japan. Rusian Journal of Marine Biology 28(1), 65-69. http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1014489816749.

Yunque DAT, Tububos KR, Hurtado AQ, Cricheley AT. 2011. Optimization of culture condition for tissue culture production of young plantlets of carragenophyte Kappaphycus. Journal of Applied Phycology 23, 433-438. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10811-010-9594-7.

SUBMIT MANUSCRIPT

Style Switcher

Select Layout
Chose Color
Chose Pattren
Chose Background