Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Repellency and toxicity of three plants leaves extraction against Oryzaephilus surinamensis L. and Tribolium astaneum Herbst.

Research Paper | June 1, 2014

| Download 2

S. S. Modarres Najafabadi, E. Beiramizadeh, R. Zarei

Key Words:

J. Bio. Env. Sci.4( 6), 26-32, June 2014


JBES 2014 [Generate Certificate]


Screening of plant extracts from wild species of plants for insecticidal properties could lead to the discovery of new agents for pest control. Keeping this in view, the ethanolic extracts of three plants leaves Neem (Azadirachta indica), Mint (Mentha longifolia) and Datura (Datura stramonium) were tested against two stored grain pests viz., Oryzaephilus surinamensis L. and Tribolium castaneum Herbst. The results revealed that all of the tested materials had repellent and lethal effects against the tested pests as compared to untreated check. The plant extracts were mixed with grain 10mg/g of grains. Comparison of test plant extracts on O. surinamensis showed that the Mint extract was the most effective causing 48.30±4.01 mortality percent. Datura and Neem extracts with 35.26±3.21 and 25.60±2.33 mortality percent were the next levels. But, the plant extracts effect on T. castaneum revealed that Datura, Neem and Mint extracts were the most effective with 21.42±2.31, 16.66±1.54 and 15.95±1.89 mortality percent, respectively. Present study also revealed that all the treatments significantly deterred/repelled the tested insects. Datura extract showed maximum repellency of 33.09±2.35% against O. surinamensis. Mint extract showed maximum repellency of 59.52±4.12% against T. castaneum. The results of thin layer chromatography (TLC) also showed that four components were detected in Mint extract and three components in Datura and Neem were detected respectively in the ethanol extractive.


Copyright © 2014
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Repellency and toxicity of three plants leaves extraction against Oryzaephilus surinamensis L. and Tribolium astaneum Herbst.

Abubakar MS, Abdurahman EM and Haruna AK. 2000. The repellent and antifeedant properties of Cyperus articulates against T. castaneum. Phytotherapy Research 14, 281-283.

Jilani GR, Nazli IF, Solangi AH and Kazmi AR. 2003. Growth inhibiting effect of neem seed oil obtained from different locations of Pakistan against red flour beetle. Pakistan Journal of Entomology , 25, 95-99.

Khaman LA, Talukder MD and Hye MA. 2006. Toxic and repellent action of sugarcane bagasse-based lignin against some stored grain insect pests. University Journal of Zoology, Rajshahi University , 25, 27-30.

Khan SM and Marwat AA. 2004. Effects of Bakain (Melia azadarach) and AK (Calatropis procera) against lesser grain borer (Rhyzopertha dominica F). Journal of Research – Bahauddin Zakariya University 15, 319-324.

Kundu BR, Ara R, Begum MM and Sarkar ZI. 2007. Effect of Bishkatali, Polygonum hydropiper L. plant extracts against the red flour beetle, Tribolium castaneum Herbst. University Journal of Zoology Rajshahi University 26, 93-97. http://dx.doi.org/10.3329/ujzru.v26i0.708

Lakwah FAM, Mohamed RA and Omnia MK. 1994. Toxic effect of Chinaberry tree (Melia azedarach) Meliaceae on Rhizopertha dominica F. Annals Of Agricultural Science, Moshtohor Journal 34, 2195-2204.

Lawati HT, Azam KM and Deadman ML. 2002. Insecticidal and Repellent Properties of Subtropical Plant Extracts against Pulse Beetle, Callosobruchus chinensis. Agricultural Sciences 71, 37-45.

Moreira MD, Picanco MC, Barbosa LC, Gudes CNR, Campos MR, Silva GA. and Martins JC. 2007. Plant compounds insecticide activity against Coleoptera pests of stored products. Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasilia 4(7). http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-204X20070007 00001

Saxena RC, Jilani G and Kareem AA. 1988. Effects of neemon stored grain insects. Focus on phytochemical pesticides. Florida Entomologist Journal 1, 97-111.

Wolpert V. 1967. Needless losses. Far Eastern economic review 55, 411-412.