Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Paper Details

Research Paper | September 1, 2015

VIEWS 1
| Download 1

Reproductive biology and physico-chemical parameters of the African Giant Prawn, Macrobrachium vollenhovenii from a tropical freshwater river

B.O. Oben, P.M. Oben, N. Makoge, J. Makombu

Key Words:


Int. J. Biosci.7(3), 31-41, September 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/7.3.31-41

Certification:

IJB 2015 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

The African giant prawn, Macrobrachium vollenhovenii is the most abundant and commercially viable of the prawn species in Cameroon. Preliminary investigation into its reproductive biology from a tropical freshwater environment (Yoke River), Southwest Cameroon was done from April 2011- March 2012. The study also examined the physic-chemical parameters that prevailed in the river during the cycle as a means to determining conditions necessary for their culture. 1679 specimens (955 males and 724 females) were captured using local baited bamboo and wire mesh traps. The overall sex ratio during sampling was 1:0.76 (male to female) which differed significantly (P˂0.05) from the expected ratio of 1:1. A total of 203 berried females carrying 6,060,256 eggs (mean: 29,854 ± 798.94) were examined. The fewest eggs were 6,847 and the most 58,866. Average egg volume increased significantly (P< 0.05) during embryogenesis from 0.041 to 0.065 mm3 (58.5% increase). Positive correlations existed between body weight, total length, carapace length, ovary weight and fecundity (0.94, 0.87, 0.85 and 0.97 respectively) with the strongest relationships occurring between fecundity and body weight (0.94) and fecundity and ovary weight (0.97). Spawning occurred during the peak rainy season (July – September) which corresponded generally with periods of lower temperature, higher pH and dissolved oxygen. These findings indicate that M. vollenhovenii can be successfully cultured in captivity. Efforts should be intensified to document and fully exploit its reproductive potential in other regions so that they could be bred as an African equivalent of the now widely cultured Macrobrachium rosenbergii.

VIEWS 1

Copyright © 2015
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
http://innspub.net
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Reproductive biology and physico-chemical parameters of the African Giant Prawn, Macrobrachium vollenhovenii from a tropical freshwater river

Ammar D, Müller Y, Nazari E. 2001. Reproductive biology of Macrobrachium olfersii (Wiegman) (Crustacea, Decapoda, Palaemonidae) collected in the Island of Santa Catarina, Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Zoologia 18(2), 523-528. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S01018175200100020002 4.

APHA. 1980. American Public Health Association. 1980. Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewaters. American Public Health Association, Washington D.C., USA, 202-777p.

Alexandre O, Emerson C, Joaldo R. 2010. Reproductive Biology of the freshwater Shrimp Atya scabra (Leach (Crustacea: Atyidae) in Ilhéus, Bahia, Brazil. Zoological Studies 49(2), 243-252.

Bialetzki A, Nakatani K, Baumgartner G, Bond-Buckup G. 1997. Occurrence of Macrobrachium amazonicum (Heller) (Decapoda, Palaemonidae) in Leopold’s inlet (Ressaco do Leopoldo), upper Paraná River, Porto Rico, Brasil. Revista Brasileira de Zoologia 14(2), 379-390. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S010181751997000200011

Bragagnoli G, Grotta M. 1995. Reproduction of the water shrimp Macrobrachium amazonicum of the Epitácio dam Pessoa, Boqueião (PB), Brazil. Part reproductive cycle. Science and Culture 33(2), 141-154.

Chaves P, Magalhães C. 1993. The oocyte development in. Macrobrachium amazonicum (Heller, 1862) (Crustacea:Decapoda:Palaemonidae), ndulcicola shrimp of the Amazon region. Acta Amazonian 23(1), 17-23. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0044596720140002000 10

Corey S, Reid D. 1991. Comparative fecundity of decapods crustaceans. The fecundity of thirty-three species of nine families of caridean shrimp. Crustaceana 60(3), 270-294. http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/156854091X00056

Cox GW, Dudley GH. 1968. Seasonal pattern of reproduction of the sand crab Emerita analoga in southern California. Ecology 49(4), 749–751. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1935539

Deekae  S,  Abowei  N.  2010.  The  Recruitment Pattern of Macrobrachium macrobrachion (Herklots, 1851) from Luubara Creek, Ogoni Land, Niger Delta, Nigeria. Research Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology 2(6), 568-57.

Dinh T, Mathieu W, Thanth H, Patrick S. 2009. Comparison of Reproductive Performance and Offspring Quality of Giant Freshwater Prawn (Macrobrachium rosenbergii) brood stock from different Regions. Elsevier Aquaculture 298, 36-42. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2009.09.011

Gabche C, Hockey H. 1995. Growth and mortality of the gaint African prawn Macrobrachium vollenhovenii (Herklots: Crustacea: Palaemonidae) in Lobe River, Cameroon: A preliminary evaluation. Journal of Shellfish Research 14, 185–190.

Holthuis L. 1949. One some species of Macrobrachium (Crustacea Decapoda) from West Africa. Eos Madrid 25 (3-4), 175-185.

Holthuis L. 1980. Shrimps and prawns of the world. An annotated catalogue of species of interest to fisheries. FAO Fish Synopsis 125(1), 1-261.

Inyang N. 1981. The biology of Macrobrachium felicinum (Holthius) in the Lower Niger River of Southern Nigeria. Revista Zoologia Africana 98(2), 440-449.

Ismael D, New M. 2000. Biology. In: New MB, Valenti, WC, Eds. Freshwater Prawn Culture: the Farming of Macrobrachium rosenbergii. Blackwell, Oxford, 18– 40p.

Konan M, Ouattara A, Adépo-Gourène A, Gourène G. 2008. Morphometric differentiation between two sympatric Macrobrachium Bates shrimps (Crustacea Decapoda Palaemonidae) in West- Africa rivers. Journal of Natural History 42 (31-32), 2095-2115. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00222930802254730

Luis L, Ingo S. 2009. Reproductive biology of the freshwater shrimp macrobrachium carcinus (l.) (Decapoda: Palaemonidae) from Costa Rica, Central America. Journal of Crustacean Biology 29(3), 343-349. http://dx.doi.org/10.1651/08-3109.1

Mantelatto F, Barbosa L. 2005. Population structure  and  relative  growth  of  freshwater  prawn Macrobrachium brasiliense (Decapoda, Palaemonidae) from São Paulo State, Brazil. Acta Limnologica Brasilencia 17(3), 245-255. http://dx.doi.org/10.18561/21795746/biotaamazonia. v5n2p52-57

Marioghae I. 1982. Notes on the biology and distribution of Macrobrachium vollenhovenii and Macrobrachium macrobrachion in Lagos Lagoon. Revista Zoologia Africana 96(3), 493-508.

Marioghae I, Ayinla O. 1995. The reproductive biology and culture of Macrobrachium vollenhovenii (Herklots 1851) and Macrobrachium macrobrachion (Herklots 1851) in Nigeria. African Regional Aquaculture Centre. Technical paper no. 100, 1-16 p.

Masshiko K. 1990. Diversified egg and clutch size among local population of the freshwater prawn, Macrobrachium nipponense (Delaan). Journal of Crustacean Biology 10(2), 306-314. http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/193724090X00113

Miller C. 1971. Commercial fishery and biology of the freshwater shrimp, Macrobrachium in the lower St. Paul River, Liberia. 1952-53. United States Department of Commerce Special Report No. 626, 13p.

Monod T. 1980. Decapodes. In: Durand JR, Levéque C, Eds. Watery flora and fauna of Africa sahélo-soudanienne. Flight. I, 44 Paris: ORSTOM, 369-389 p.

Mossolini E, Bueno S. 2002. Reproductive biology of Macrobrachium olfersi (Decapoda, Palaemonidae) in São Sebastão, Brasil. Journal of Crustacean Biology 22(2), 367-376. http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/20021975-99990244

Nazari E, Simões-Costa M, Müller Y, Ammar D, Dias M. 2003. Comparisions of fecundity, egg size, and egg mass volume of freshwater prawns Macrobrachium potiuna and Macrobrachium olfersi (Decapoda, Palaemonidae). Journal of Crustacean Biology 23(4), 862-868. http://dx.doi.org/10.1651/C-2387

New M, Singholka S. 1982. Freshwater prawn farming: Manual for the culture of Macrobrachium rosenbergii. FAO Fisheries Technical Paper 225, 116-124.

Nwosu F, Wolfi M. 2006. Population dynamics of the giant African river prawn Macrobrachium vollenhovenii Herklots 1857 (Crustacea, Palaemonidae) in the Cross River estuary, Nigeria. West African Journal of Applied Ecology 9, 1-18. http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/wajae.v9i1.45681

Odinetz-Collart O, Rabelo H. 1996. Variation in egg size of the fresh-water prawn Macrobrachium amazonicum (Decapoda: Palaemonidae). Journal of Crustacean Biology 16, 684-688. http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/193724096X00775

Okechukwu I, Jude C, Christopher D. 2010. Artisanal fishery of the exploited population of Macrobrachium vollenhovenii Herklot 1857 (Crustacea;Palaemonidae) in the Asu River,  Southeast Nigeria. Acta Zoologica Lituanica 20(2), 648-659. http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/v10043-010-0011-x

Ovie S. 1986. The fecundity of Macrobrachium macrobrachion (Herklots, 1851) and the effect of salinity and food on the development of its larvae. M. Tech. Regional. Aquaculture Centre, Port Harcourt Nigeria, 54 p.

Pinheiro M, Hebling N. 1998. Biology of Macrobrachium amazonicum (Of Man, 1879). In: Valenti W, Ed. Carcinicultura of àgua candy: Technology for Production of Shrimps, São Paulo: FAPESP, Brasilia: IBAMA, 21-46 p.

Porto L, 1998. Population structure and reproductive biology of Macrobrachium amazonicum (Helle, 1982) (Crustacea, Decapoda, Palaemonidae) in the hydrographic basin of the Half River Bridge, Seen Beta of Goiás-Go, Brazil. (PhD Thesis), University of Is Pablo USP, 117 p.

Rutherford A. 1971. Freshwater shrimps in the area of Cape Coast, Ghana. Ghana Journal of Science 11(2), 87-91.

Sampaio C, Valenti W. 1996. Growth curve for Macrobrachium rosenbergii in semi-intensive culture in Brazil. Journal of the World Aquaculture Society 27(3), 353-358. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1749-7345.1996.tb00619.x

Silva R, Sampaio C, Santos J. 2002. Fecundity and fertility of Macrobrachium amazonicum (Crustacean, Palaemonidae). Brazilian Journal of Biology 64(3A), 489-500. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S15196984200400030001 2

Udo J, Ekpe D. 1991. Fecundity in the African river prawn, Macrobrachium vollenhovenii (Herklolts, 1957) from natural habitats. Journal of Tropical Aquaculture 6(2), 173-177.

Ville J. 1970. Research on the reproduction of Macrobrachium of the lagoons of the Ivory Coast. I: Early fruitfulness of Macrobrachium at Côte.d’ivoire. Annals of the University of Abidjan, Series E (Ecology) 3(1), 253-262.

Willführ-Nast J, Rosenthal H, Udo J, Nast F. 1993. Laboratory cultivation and experimental studies of salinity effects on larval development in the African river prawn, Macrobrachium vollenhovenii (Decapoda, Palaemonidae). Aquatic Living Resource 6(2), 115– 137. http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/alr:1993012

Zar JH. 1999. Biostatistical analysis. Fourth edition. Prentice-Hall, New Jersey, 663 p.

SUBMIT MANUSCRIPT

Style Switcher

Select Layout
Chose Color
Chose Pattren
Chose Background