Residual effect of preceding legumes and nitrogen levels on subsequent maize

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Research Paper 01/07/2015
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Residual effect of preceding legumes and nitrogen levels on subsequent maize

Wasim Ali, Amanullah Jan, Akhtar Hassan, Aqleem Abbas, Altaf Hussain, Murtaza Ali, Syed Ali Zuhair, Ashraf Hussain
Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res.7( 1), 78-85, July 2015.
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An experiment entitled “Residual effect of preceding legumes and nitrogen levels on subsequent maize” was carried out at Agronomy Research Farm, The University of Agriculture, Peshawar during summer 2014. The experiment was laid out in RCB Design with split plot arrangement having three replications. A plot size of (5 m × 4 m) having five rows with row to row distance of 70 cm and maize variety “Azam” was sown at seed rate of 30 kg ha-1 during the experiment. Four nitrogen levels (0, 90, 120, 150 kg ha-1) and four legumes (cowpea, Sesbania, mung bean and fallow) were included in the experiment. Legume was allotted to the main plots while nitrogen was allotted to sub plots. Data were recorded on plant height, leaf area plant-1, number of grains cob-1, thousand grains weight and grain yield. The result showed that legumes as preceding crop had significantly affected leaf area plant-1 (319.99 cm2), number of grains ear-1 (412), grain weight (268.33 g) and grain yield (5104 ka ha-1) while its effect on plant height was not significant. Fallow as preceding practice had significantly lowest number of grains ear-1 (301), grain weight (205 g) and grain yield (3185 kg ha-1) as compared with legumes as preceding crops. Among legumes maximum number of grains ear-1 and grain yield obtained with Sesbania as preceding crop. Sesbania as preceding crop and application of 120 ka N ha-1 is recommended for higher yield of maize crop.


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