Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Response of black cumin (Nigella sativa L.) to different levels of Ece and SAR

Research Paper | December 1, 2015

| Download 4

Khalil Ahmed, Ghulam Qadir, Muhammad Qaisar Nawaz, Amar Iqbal Saqib, Abdur Rehim, Muhammad Imran, Muhammad Anwar Zaka, Nadeem Sarwar

Key Words:

Int. J. Biosci.7( 6), 65-73, December 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/7.6.65-73


IJB 2015 [Generate Certificate]


Salinity is a wide spread environmental stress that reduces the agricultural productivity of arid and semi-aridareas of the world. A three years pot trial was performed to study the tolerance of pharmaceutical plant i.e. black cumin (Nigella sativa L.) towards combined effect of electrical conductivity (ECe) and sodium adsorption ratio (SAR)at its germination, vegetative growth and yield. Seeds of black cumin were grown in pots with five treatmentshaving different levels ofECe(2.40, 6 and 8 dS/m) and SAR (12.80, 25 and35mmol/L) 1/2. All the recorded attributes like germination %, shoot height, shoot/root fresh and dry weight, number of leaves and branches, root length, number of capsule, number of seeds and1000 seeds weight significantly decreased by increasing level of ECe and SAR when compared with control. Higher levels of ECe and SAR as in T4 (ECe = 8 + SAR = 25)and T5 (ECe = 8 + SAR = 35) proved more hazardous forblack cumin plant.In conclusion, growth and yield of black cumin decreases with increasing levels of ECe and SAR.


Copyright © 2015
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Response of black cumin (Nigella sativa L.) to different levels of Ece and SAR

Akram M, Malık MA, Ashraf MY, Saleem MF, Hussain M. 2007. Competitive seedling growth and K+/Na+ ratio in different maize (Zea mays L.) hybrids under salinity stress. Pakistan Journal of Botany 39, 2553-2563.

Aldesuquy HS, Ibrahim AH. 2001.  Interactive effect of seawater and growth bio-regulators on water relations,  absicisic  acid  concentration  and  yield  of wheat plants. Journal ofAgronomy and Crop Science 187, 185–193. http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1439-037x.2001.00522.x

Al-Khateeb SA. 2007. Effect of calcium/sodium ratio on growth and ion relations of Alfalfa (MedicagosativaL.) seedling grown under saline condition.Journal of Agronomy 5, 175-181.

Arbona V, Marco AJ, Ijlesias DJ, Lopez-Climent TM, Gomez-Coudenas A. 2005. Carbohydrate depletion in roots and leaves of salt stressed  potted  Citrus  clementinaL.  Plant  Growth Regulator 46, 153–160. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10725-005-7769-z

Azaizeh H, Gunse B, Steudle E. 1992. Effects of NaCl and CaCl2 on water transport across root cells of maize (Zea mays L.) seedlings. Plant Physiology 99, 886–894. http://dx.doi.org/10.1104/pp.99.3.886

Chartzoulakis K, Kalapaki G. 2000. Response of two greenhouse pepper hybrids to NaCl salinity during different growth stages. Scienctia Horticulture 86, 247-260. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0304-4238(00)00151-5

Chinnusamy V, Jagendorf A, Zhu JK. 2005. Understanding and improving salt tolerance in plants. Crop Science 45, 437–448. http://dx.doi.org/10.2135/cropsci2005.0437

Cicek N, Cakirlar H. 2002. The effect of salinity on some physiological parameters in two maize cultivars. Journal of Plant Physiology 28, 66-74.

Cramer GR, Nowak RS. 1992. Supplemental manganese improves the relative growth, net assimilation and photosynthetic rates of salt-stressed barley. Plant Physiology 84, 600-605. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.13993054.1992.tb04710.x

Dorgham EA. 1991. Effect of water stress, irradiation and nitrogen fertilization on grain filling, yield and quality of certain wheat cultivars. PhD Thesis. Ain Shams University of Cairo, Egypt.

FAO. 2008. FAO Land and Plant Nutr.Manag.Service. http://www.FAO.org/ag/agl/spush.

Ghafoor A, Aziz T, Abdullah M. 1988. Dissolution of gypsum size grades in synthetic saline solutions. Journalof Agricultural Research 26, 289-294.

Ghamarnia H, Jalili Z, Daichin S. 2012.The effects of saline irrigation water on different components of black cumin (Nigella Sativa L.) International Journal of Agricultural Science 2(10), 915-922.

Hussain SA, Akhtar J, Anwar-ul-Haq M, Riaz MA, Saqib ZA. 2008. Ionic concentration and growth response of sunflower (Helianthus annuusL.) genotypes under saline and/or sodic water application. Soil and Environment 27, 177-184.

Johnson R. 2000. Characterization of germination related genes in AvenafatuaL. Seeds In: Seed Biology Advances and Applications, (Black, M., Bradford, K.J. and Vazquez- Ramos, J., eds.). Proceedings of the sixth International Workshop on Seeds, Mérida, México, 1999. CABI Publishing, ISBN 0 851994040, 1-17 P.

Hussain K, Majeed A, Nawaz K, Bhatti KH, Nisar FK. 2009. Effect of different levels of salinity on growth and ion contents of Black seed. Current Research in Biological Sciences 1, 135-138.

Khan GS. 1998. Soil salinity/sodicity status in Pakistan, 39 P. Soil Survey of Pakistan Lahore.

Kumar. 2006. Description and discussion on plant. Ayurvedic Drug Plants 183-184.

Mansour  MMF,  Stadelmann  EJ.  1994.  NaCl induced changes in protoplasmic characteristics of Hordeum vulgare cultivars differing in salt tolerance. Journal of Physiological Plant 31, 29–41. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.13993054.1994.tb02965.x

Mansour MMF, Salama KHA. 2004. Cellular basis of salinity tolerance in plants. Environmental Experiment Botany 52, 113–122. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envexpbot.2004.01.009

Meloni DA, Oliva MA, Ruiz HA, Martinez CA. 2001. Contribution of proline and inorganic solutes to osmotic adjustment in cotton under salt stress. Journal of Plant Nutrition 24, 599-612. http://dx.doi.org/10.1081/PLN-100104983

Mensah JK, Akomeah PA, Ikhajiagbe B, Ekpekurede EO. 2006. Effects of salinity on germination, growth and yield of five groundnut genotypes. African Journalof Biotechnology 5, 1973-1979.

Mohammad M, Shibli R, Ajouni M, Nimri L. 1998. Tomato root and shoot responses to salt stress under different levels of phosphorus nutrition. Journal of Plant Nutrition 21, 1667-1680. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01904169809365512

Moosavi SG, Seghatoleslami MJ, Jouyban Z, Javadi H. 2013. Effect of salt stress on germination and early seedling growth of Nigella sativa L. International Journalof Traditional and Herbal Medicine 1, 45-48.

Muhammad Z, Hussain F. 2010. Effect of NaCl salinity on the germination and seedling growth of some medicinal plants. Pakistan Journal of Botany: 42, 889-897.

Muhammad Z, Hussain F. 2010. Vegetative growth performance of five medicinal plants under NaCl salt stress. Pakistan Journal of Botany 42, 303-316.

Munns  R, James RA, Lauchli A. 2006. Approaches to increasing the salt tolerance of wheat and other cereals. Journal of Experimental Botany: 57, 1025-1043. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jxb/erj100

Munns R. 2002. Comparative physiology of salt and water stress.Plant Cell Environment 25, 239-250.

Neumann PM. 1993. Rapid and reversible modification of extension capacity of cell walls in elongating maize leaf tissues responding to root addition and removal of NaCl. Plant Cell Environment 16, 1107-1114. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.13653040.1996.tb02068.x

Neumann PM, Azaizeh H, Leon D. 1994. Hardening of root cell walls: a growth inhibitory response to salinity stress. Plant Cell Environnment 17, 303-309. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.13653040.1994.tb00296.x

Nodkanis KM. 1982. Ayurvedic, Unaani& Home Remedies. The indian material medica 1, 855.

Pritchard J, Hetherington R, Fry C, Tomos D. 1993. Xyloglucan Endotransglycosylase activity, microfibril orientation and the profiles of cell wall properties along the growing regions of maize roots. Journal of Experimental Botany 44, 1281-1289.

Sadat-Noori SA, Mottaghi S, Lotfifar O. 2008. Salinity tolerance of maize in embryo and adult stage. American-Eurasian Journalof Agriculturaland Environmental Sciences 3, 717-725.

Schleiff U. 2008. Analysis of water supply of plants under saline soil conditions and conclusions for research on crop salt tolerance. Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science 194, 1–8. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-037X.2007.00290.x

Srivastava JP, Jana S. 1984. Screening wheat and barley germplasm for salt tolerance. In: Salinity Tolerance in Plants: Strategies for Crop Improvement. (Eds.): StapleRC, Toenniessen GH, John Wiley and Sons, New York, 273-283 P.

Steel RGD, Torrie JH, Dickey DA. 1997. Principles and Procedures of Statistic: A Biometrical Approach. 3rd edition, pp: 400-428. McGraw Hill book Co. Inc. New York.

Taffouo VD, Kenne M, Fokam TR, Fotsop WO, Fonkou T, Vondo Z, Amougou AKOA. 2004. Réponse au stress salin chez cinq espèces de Légumineuses. AgronomyAfrician 16, 33-44.

Tatari M, Abbasi S. 2004. Effect of salinity and time of irrigation on growth and yield of Cumin. Msc. Thesis, Islamic Azad University, Shirvan Branch, 77 p (in Persian).

Turan MA, Hassan A, Taban N, Taban S. 2009. Effect of salt stress on growth, stomatal resistance, proline and chlorophyll concentrations on maize plant. African Journalof Agricultural Research 4, 893-897.

Wahid A. 2004. Analysis of toxic and osmotic effects of sodium chloride on leaf growth and economic yield of sugarcane. Botanical Bulletin of Academia Sinica: 45, 133-141.

Wahid A, Ghazanfar A. 2006. Possible involvement of some secondary metabolites in salt tolerance of sugarcane. Journal of Plant Physiology: 163, 723-730. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jplph.2005.07.007

Wang BS, Zhao KF. 1997. Changes in Na and Ca concentrations in the apoplast and symplast of etiolated maize seedlings under NaCl stress. Acta Agronomy Sinctia 23, 27-33.

Yagmur M, Kaydan D, Orkut N. 2007. Alleviation of salinity stress during seed germination in wheat (Triticum aestivum) by potassium applications. Indian Journal for Agricultural Sciences 77, 379-382.

Yang YH, Sun QY, Shen H. 2002. Salt tolerance and injury of plants (in Chinese). Biological Teaching27, 12-22.

Zadeh HM, Nacini MB. 2007. Effects of salinity stress on the morphology and yield of two cultivars of Canola (Brassica napus L.). Journal of Agronomy 6, 409-414.

Zeng L, Shannon MC. 2000. Salinity effects on seedling growth and yield components of rice. Crop Science 40, 996-1003. http://dx.doi.org/10.2135/cropsci2000.404996x

Živković  S,  Dević  M,  Filipović  B,  Giba  Z, Grubišić  D.  2007.   Effect   of   NaCl   on   seed germination   in   some   Centaurium   Hill.species(Gentianaceae).  Archives  in  Biological  Science  59, 227-231. http://dx.doi.org/10.2298/ABS0703227Z