Response of fermented Cladophora containing diet on growth performances and feed efficiency of Tilapia (Oreochromis sp.)

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/12/2014
Views (167) Download (11)
current_issue_feature_image
publication_file

Response of fermented Cladophora containing diet on growth performances and feed efficiency of Tilapia (Oreochromis sp.)

A.P.W. Krisna Dewi, H. Nursyam, A.M. Hariati
Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res.5( 6), 78-85, December 2014.
Certificate: IJAAR 2014 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Feed is still contributed the highest in the cost of aquaculture. Fermented Cladophora was applied to replace plant-based protein for tilapia. Five different diets, but all are iso-protein, were formulated, substituting 0% (as control) to 40% of plant-based protein with fermented Cladophora. The experiment was set up using 15 aquaria, each of 30 l and stocked with tilapia (initial individual size of 3.65 ± 0.26 g) at density of 1 fish l-1. All the fish was fed at 3% of body-weight day-1 and the experiment was ended at day 42nd. The result showed that tilapia fed with 10% of fermented Cladophora reached the highest in growth rate, feed efficiency, protein digestibility, and essential amino acid index. The growth rate of this treatment was 30% higher than the control diet (non substitution with fermented Cladophora). This means that by changing ingredients in the diet, it may affect in cost reduction or gain in production biomass.

VIEWS 8

Almazan GJ, Pullin RSV, Angeles AF, Manalo TA, Agbayani RA, Trono MTB. 1986. Azolla pinnata as a dietary component for Nile tilapia Oreochromis niloticus. In First Asian Fisheries Forum, MacLean, J.L., Dizon, L.B. and Hosillos, L.V. (eds), Asian Fisheries Society, Manila, Philippines, pp. 523- 528

AOAC. 1984. Official Methods of Analysis. Association of Official Agricultural Chemists. Washington DC. pp. 1141

Appler HN, Jauncey K. 1983. The Utilization of A Filamentous Green Alga (Cladophora glomerata (L) Kutzin) as A Protein Source in Pelleted Feeds for Sarotherodon (Tilapia) niloticus Fingerlings. Aquaculture 30, 21-30

Appler HN. 1985. Evaluation of Hydrodictyon reticulatum as protein source in feeds for Oreochromis (Tilapia) niloticus and Tilapia zillii. Journal of Fish Biology 27, 327-334

Boyd CE. 1973. Biotic Interactions between Different Species of Algae. Weed Science, 21(1), 32-37

Chiayvareesajja S, Wongwit C, Tansakul R. 1990. Cage culture of tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) using aquatic weed-based pellets. In Second Asian Fisheries Forum, Hirano, R. and Hanyu, I. (eds), Asian Fisheries Society, Manila, Philippines, pp. 287-290

Chow CY, Woo NYS. 1990. Bioenergetic studies on an omnivorous fish, Oreochromis mossambicus, evaluation of utilization of Spirulina algae in feed. In Second Asian Fisheries Forum, Hirano, R. and Hanyu, I. (eds), Asian Fisheries Society, Manila, Philippines, pp. 291 -294

Dabrowski K. 1977. Protein requirements of grass carp fry (Ctenopharyngodon idella Val). Aquaculture 12, 63-73

Davies SJ, Wareham H. 1988. A preliminary evaluation of an industrial single cell protein in practical diets for tilapia (Oreochromis mossarnbicus Peters). Aquaculture 73, 189-196

El-Sayed AFM. 1990. Long-term evaluation of cottonseed meal as a protein source for Nile tilapia Oreochromis niloticus. Aquaculture 8(4), 315-320

El-Sayed AFM. 1992. Effects of substituting fish meal with Azolla pinnata in practical diets for fingerling and adult Nile tilapia Oreochromis niloticus. Aquaculture 23, 167-173

Fagbenro OA, Jauncey K. 1994. Chemical and nutritional quality of dried fermented fish silage and their nutritive value for tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). Animal Feed Science. Technology. 5(2), 167-176

Hepher B, Sandbank E, Shelef G. 1978. Alternative protein sources for warm water fiih diets. In ; J.E. Halver and K. Tiews (Editors), Finfiih Nutrition and Feed Technology, Volume L Heenemann Verlagsgesellschaft mbH, Berlin, pp. 327-342.

Hossain MA, Nahar N, Kamal M, Islam MN. 1992. Nutrient digestibility coefficients of some plant and animal proteins for tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus). Aquaculture 7, 257-266

Ijarotimi SO, Keshinro OO. 2011. Determination of Amino Acid, Fatty Acid, Mineral, Functional and Choking Properties of Germinated and Fermented Popcorn (Zea mays everta) Flour. European Journal of Food Research & Review 1(2), 102-122

Jackson AJ, Capper BS, Matty AJ. 1982. Evaluation of some plant proteins in complete diets for the tilapia Sarotherodon mossambicus. Aquaculture 27, 97-109

Jauncey K. 1981. The effects of varying dietary composition on mirror carp (Cyprinus carpio) maintained in thermal effluents and laboratory recycling systems. In, K.Tiews (Editor), Proceedings of the World Symposium on Aquaculture in Heated Effluents and Recirculation Systems, Volume II. Heenemann Verlagsgesellschaft mbH, Berlin, pp. 249-261.

Jauncey K. 1982. The effects of varying dietary protein level on the growth, food conversion, protein utilization and body composition of juvenile tilapias (Sarotherodon mossambicus). Aquaculture 27, 43-54.

Klinnavee S, Tansakul R, Promkuntong W. 1990. Growth of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) fed with aquatic plant mixtures. In Second Asian Fisheries Forum, Hirano, R. and Hanyu, I. (eds), Asian Fisheries Society, Manila, Philippines. pp. 283-286

Labuda J, Kacerovsky O, Kovae M, Stirba A. 1982. Vyziva a krmenie hospodarskych zvierat. Priroda, Bratislava. 164s

Martinez-Palacios CA, Galvun Cruz R, Olvera Novoa MA, Chavez C. 1988. The use of jack bean (Canavalia ensiformis Leguminosae) meal as partial substitute for fish meal in diets for tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus Cichlidae). Aquaculture 68, 165-175

Mazid MA, Tanaka Y, Katayama T, Asadur-Rahman M, Simpson KL, Chichester, CO. 1979. Growth response of Tilapia zillii fingerlings fed isocalonic diets with variable protein levels. Aquaculture 18, 115-122

MMAF. 2011. Marine and Fisheries in Fig.s 2011 [available in bilingual], Jakarta, Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries, 118p [downloadable from, www.kkp.go.id]

Mune-Mune MA, Minka SR, Mbome IL, Etoa FX. 2011. Nutritional Potential of Bambara Bean Protein Concentrate. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition 10(2), 112-119

NRC (National Research Council). 1993. Nutrient Requirement of Fish. National Academy Press. Washington, D.C. 115 pp

Ogino C, Saito K. 1970. Protein nutrition in fish I The utilization of dietary protein by carp. Japanese Society of Fisheries Science 36, 250-254

Olvera-Novoa MA, Campos GS, Sabido GM, Martinez-Palacios CA. 1990. The use of alfalfa leaf protein concentrate as a protein source in diets for tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus). Aquaculture 90, 291 -302

Omoregie E, Ogbemudia FI. 1993. Effects of substituting fish meal with palm kernel meal on growth and food utilization of the Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus. Isr. Journal Aquaculture Bamidgeh 45(3), 113-119

Pantha MB. 1982. The use of soybean in practical feeds for tilapia (Oreochromis niloficus). MSC. Thesis, University of Stirling, UK.

Robinson EH, Rawles SD, Oldenburg PW, Stickney RR. 1984. Effects of feeding glandless and glanded cottonseed products and gossypol to Tilapia aurea. Aquaculture 38, 145-154.

Santiago CB, Aldaba, Laron MA, Reyes OS. 1988. Reproductive performance and growth of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) broodstock fed diets containing Leucaena leucocephala leaf meal. Aquaculture 70, 53-61

Shiau SY, Kwok CC, Hwang JY, Chen CM, Lee SL. 1989. Replacement of fish meal with soybean meal in male tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus X O. aureus) fingerling diets at a suboptimal level. Journal World Aquaculture Social 2(4), 230-235

Tacon AGJ, Jauncey K, Falaye A, Pantha M, MacGowan I, Stafford EA. 1983. The use of meat and bone meal, hydrolyzed feather meal and soybean meal in practical fry and fingerling diets for Oreochromis niloticus. In Proc. 1st. lntl, Symp. on Tilapia in Aquaculture, Fishelson, J. and Yaron, Z. (eds). Tel Aviv University Press, Israel, pp. 356-365

Wee KL, Wang SS. 1987. Nutritive value of leuceana leaf meal in pelleted feed for Nile tilapia. Aquaculture 62, 97-108

Webster CD, Lim C. 2002. Nutrient Requirements and Feeding of Finfish for Aquaculture. United Kingdom, CABI Publishing. pp.365