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Response of Okro (Abelmoschus esculentus) to five different rates of cow dung in Abraka, Delta State

Research Paper | November 21, 2022

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Enujeke Emmanuel Chukudinife, Ojobor Smart, Ogbinaka Ewoma Jimmy Andrew, Onyibe Christopher, Ayisire Isaiah

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J. Bio. Env. Sci.21( 5), 231-237, November 2022


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This study was conducted in the Teaching and Research Farm of Delta State University, Abraka to examine the response of Okro to five different rates of cow dung. The treatments- rates of the manure in tonnes per hectare were 0, 5, 10, 15 and 20. It was carried out in a Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with three replicates. Eleven parameters were assessed to achieve the research objectives, including initial pre-planting soil analysis, chemical composition of the cow dung used for the study, percentage emergence, plant height, number of leaves, leaf area, stem girth, number of pods/plant, number of seeds/pod, pod weight and effects of soil amendment on chemical properties of Okro. Results obtained showed that the parameter assessed increased as rate of cow dung increased. Plants that received 20tha-1 manure application rate were superior in percentage emergence (98), plant height at 12 weeks after planting (WAP) (98cm), stem girth at 12 WAP (0.96cm), number of leaves at 12 WAP (8), number of pods/plant (3), number of seeds/pod (26) and weight of pods (0.92kg). Based on the findings of the study, it was recommended that farmers apply 20tha-1 of cow dung for increased growth and yield of Okro in the environment.


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Response of Okro (Abelmoschus esculentus) to five different rates of cow dung in Abraka, Delta State

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