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Research Paper | August 10, 2022

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Response of some selected enset varieties and its resistance to artificial inoculation of bacterial wilt disease of Enset (Xanthomonas Campestris Pv. Musacearum) at Kedida Gemella District, Kambata Tambaro Zone, Southern Ethiopia

Alemayehu Adinew Abo

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J. Bio. Env. Sci.21(2), 86-91, August 2022

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Abstract

The experiment was aimed with the objective to select and evaluate Enset varieties resistance to Enset bacterial wilt disease. This study was conducted in Kedida Gemella district in Durame Campus research demonstration site during main cropping season in 2021. A total of 16 selected Enset varieties were evaluated for resistance to Xanthomonas campestris pv. musacearum pathogen in the study area. The experiment laid out sixteen varieties in four replications in randomized complete block design (RCBD). Disease incidence rapidly increased thereafter artificial inoculation of the bacteria for first two months for most clones. Varieties Qegile, Sabera and wo’e showed greater than 23% disease symptoms at 95 days after inoculation. In contrary other varieties like manara, siskela, meriza, bishato, mandeluqa, xassa and gishira showed 0% or no symptom at days after 95 inoculation, but they showed initial symptom in all data collection times before 95 days after inoculation. However, their mean values showed relatively tolerant in the study area. In this research the two selected varieties namely bishato and mandeluqa showed resistance for bacterial wilt disease and these varieties were used for further multiplication purposes if the varieties.

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Response of some selected enset varieties and its resistance to artificial inoculation of bacterial wilt disease of Enset (Xanthomonas Campestris Pv. Musacearum) at Kedida Gemella District, Kambata Tambaro Zone, Southern Ethiopia

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