J. Bio. Env. Sci.16(4), 40-52, April 2020
Despite that soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merrill] is easily introduced in places where it is not native, its production, especially Africa is constrained by the lack of Bradyrhizobium japonicum which is needed for biological nitrogen fixation (BNF). Inoculating soybean with proper rhizobacteria is a key solution to enhance benefits of BNF. A study was done in Northern Tanzania in Arusha and Kilimanjaro regions to assess the effects of B. japonicum, nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) application on four selected soybean varieties namely Uyole 1, Uyole 2, Uyole 3 and Uyole 4. Inoculation with B. japonicum strongly (P<0.001) increased nodule number, nodule efficiency and nodule dry weight. Total chlorophyll accumulation in plant leaves was significantly (P<0.05) reduced in control (15.26mg L-1) treatment compared with B. japonicum plus phosphorus (18.54mg L-1) and sole B. japonicum (18.11mg L-1) treatments. Leaf area was significantly lower when soybean was applied with phosphorus (33.46cm2) compared with sole B. japonicum (44.23cm2) inoculation and inoculation + P (42.18cm2) supplementation. Soybean varieties had a significant effect (P<0.05) on nodule dry weight, plant shoot length and a stronger effect (P<0.01) on root dry weight.
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