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Response of upland rice (Oryzasativa) varieties to poultry manure and spent mushroom substrate in humid agro-ecology of south –south, Nigeria

Research Paper | May 1, 2018

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Orluchukwu, Joseph Amadi, Chinonyelum Ugwu

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Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res.12( 5), 9-18, May 2018


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This study on the response of upland rice varieties to poultry manure and spent mushroom substrate in humid agro-ecology of south–south, Nigeria was carried out in 2015 cropping season at the Teaching and Research farm of University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria. It was aimed at determining the best organic material that will enhance the yield and growth properties of upland rice varieties in the area studied. The treatments used were spent mushroom substrate (SMS) and poultry manure (PM) while five varieties of upland rice (NERICA 1, NERICA 2, NERICA 3, NERICA 4, and NERICA 5) were grown. The experiment was a factorial experiment laid out in randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three replications. From the statistical analysis, the results shows that there was no significant difference at P=0.05 in the effect of the organic materials across all the five rice varieties. However, the results indicated that poultry manure showed the highest performance in both growth and yield parameters measured over SMS and the control except in NERICA 5 where SMS gave a higher growth rate and yield in all the parameters measured than in poultry manure. Therefore, farmers should be encouraged to incorporate the use of organic materials especially poultry droppings in growing their crops as it provides a cheaper source of plant required nutrients


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Response of upland rice (Oryzasativa) varieties to poultry manure and spent mushroom substrate in humid agro-ecology of south –south, Nigeria

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