Response of zinc on growth, yield and quality of blackgram (Vigna mungo L.)

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/10/2018
Views (304) Download (21)

Response of zinc on growth, yield and quality of blackgram (Vigna mungo L.)

Abu Sayem Md. Ahsan Habib, Tuhin Suvra Roy, Md. Ruhul Amin, Md. Ziaul Haque, Md. Rokonuzzaman, Prosannajid Sarker
Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res.13( 4), 73-79, October 2018.
Certificate: IJAAR 2018 [Generate Certificate]


In Bangladesh, many experiments have been done on various pulse crop production treated with micronutrient (Zn) but at the same time less emphasis was given on blackgram production with the same micronutrient. Therefore, a field experiment was conducted to evaluate the growth, yield and quality performance of blackgram cv. BARI mash–3 as influenced by various levels of Zn fertilizer in Sher-e- Bangla Agricultural University, Sher-e- Bangla nagor, Dhaka- 1207. It was consisted of four Zn levels viz. 0, 1.25, 2.50 and 3.75 kg ha–1 as soil application. A blanket dose of N20 P150 K50 Kg ha-1 was also used as recommended dose. The experiment was laid out in randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three replications. All the characters were influenced by Zn fertilization and significantly increased up to 2.5 kg Zn ha–1 and started to decrease of subsequent Zn levels. Obtained results showed that the plant height (52.28 cm), branches per plant (5.71), number of pods per plant (48.99), pod length (5.06 cm), seeds per pod (6.98), 1000- seed weight (41.60 g), grain yield (1.54 t ha–1), straw yield (3.69 t ha–1), biological yield (5.24 t ha–1), harvest index (29.47%) and protein content of harvested seed (23.44%) had a significant positive effects up to 2.50 kg Zn ha–1.  These results indicated that the application of 2.5 kg Zn ha–1 would be the most optimum level for maximizing the quality seed yield of blackgram under the region of AEZ–28.


Ahlawat IPS, Gangaiah B, Zadid MA. 2007. Nutrient management in chickpea. In: Chickpea breeding and management (Yadav, S.S., Redden, R., Chen, W., Sharma, B. Eds). CAB International, Wallingford, Oxon, United Kingdom, p 213–232.

Ali EA, Mahmoud AM. 2013. Effect of Foliar Spray by Different Salicylic Acid and Zinc Concentrations on Seed Yield and Yield Components of Mungbean in Sandy Soil. Asian Journal of Crop Science 5, 33–40.

Ali S, Schwanke GD, People MB, Scott JF, Herridge DF. 2002. Nitrogen, yield and economic benefits of summer legumes for wheat production in rainfed Northern Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Agronomy 1(1), 15–19.

Ashok K, Bisht BS, Manish K, Lalit K. 2010. Effects of Ni and Zn on growth of Vigna mungo, Vigna radiata and Glycine max. International Journal of Pharmacy & Biological Science 1(2), 1–7.

Bangladesh Agriculture Research Institute. (BARI). 2006. Krishi Projukti Hatboi (in Bangla).4th Ed., Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute, Gazipur, Bangladesh. p 209–211.

Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. (BBS). 2012. Summary crop statistics and crop indices (2010–11). Govt. of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh p 37.

Cakmak I, Torun B, Erenoglu B, Kalayci M, Yilmaz A, Ekiz H, Brun HJ. 1996. Zinc deficiency in soils and plants in Turkey and plant mechanism involved in Zinc deficiency. Turkish Journal of Agriculture (Special issue), 13–23.

Calhor M. 2006. Effect of Nitrogen and Zinc on yield of durum wheat in Khoramabad Region. Agricultural Research Institute, Lorestan, Iran.

Coleman JE. 1991. Zinc proteins: Enzymes, storage proteins, transcription factors and replication proteins. Annual Review of Biochemistry 61, 897–946.

Dashadi M, Hossein A, Radjabi R, Babaineja T. 2013. Investigation of effect different rates phosphorus and zinc fertilizers on two cultivars Lentil (Gachsaran and Flip 92–12 L) in irrigation complement condition. International Journal of Agriculture and Crop Science 5(1), 1–5.

Duffy B. 2007. Zinc and plant disease, In mineral nutrition and plant disease. L.E. Datnoff, W.H. Elmer, and D.M. Huber Eds. p 155–175.

Fageria NK. 2006. Theuse of nutrients in crop plants, Boca Raton. F.L., CRC Press.

Gomez KA, Gomez AA. 1984. Statistical Procedures for Agricultural Research. 2ndEdn. John Willey and Sons, New York. p 97–411.

Habib ASMA, Roy TS, Amin MR. 2018. Effect of zinc and boron on growth parameters of blackgram (Vinga mungo L.). Journal of Bioscience and Agriculture Research 17(01), 1396-1402.

Islam MM. 2014. Effect of different doses of zinc on yield and yield contributing characters of chickpea cultivars. Bangladesh Journal of Nuclear Agriculture 30, 29-35.

Khan HR, McDonald GK, Rengel Z. 2004. Zinc fertilization and water stress affects plant water relations, stomatal conductance and osmotic adjustment in chickpea (Cicer arietinum). Plant Soil 267(1/2), 271–284.

Khorgamy A, Farnia A. 2009, Effect of phosphorus and zinc fertilization on yield and yield components of chick pea cultivars. African Crop Science Conference Proceedings 9, 205 – 208.

Mian AL. 1976. Grow more pulses to keep your pulse well, an Assay of Bangladesh Pulses, Dept. Agronomy, BAU, Mymensingh. p 11–15.

Quddus MA, Rashid MH, Hossain MA, Naser HM. 2011. Effect of zinc and boron on yield and yield contributing characters of mungbean in low Ganges river floodplain soil at Madaripur, Bangladesh. Bangladesh Journal of Agricultural Research 36(1), 75–85.

Romheld V, Marschner H. 1991. Function of micronutrients in plants. Micronutrients in Agriculture, ln JJ Mortvedt, FR Cox, LM Shuman, RM Welch, Ed 2. Soil Science Society of America, Madison, Wl, p 297–328.

Russell DF. 1986.  MSTAT–C package program. Dept. Crop Soil Sci. Michigian State University. USA. p 59–60.

Salehin F, Rahman S. 2012. Effects of zinc and nitrogen fertilizer and their application method on yield and yield components of Phaseolus vulgaris L. Journal of Agricultural Science 3, 9–13.

Sharma A, Nakul HT, Jelgeri BR, Surwenshi A. 2010, Effect of micronutrients on growth, yield and yield components in pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan L.). Research Journal of Agricultural Science 1(2), 142–144.

Shukla  K. 2013, Evaluation of Zinc application methods to enhance yield and quality of blackgram. Global Journal of Current Research 1(2), p 50-56.