Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Responses of fruit bats to habitat quantity and quality of selected forest patches in mt. kitanglad range, Bukidnon, Philippines

Research Paper | June 1, 2017

| Download 15

Richel E. Relox, Leonardo M. Florece, Enrique P. Pacardo, Nicomedes D. Briones

Key Words:

J. Bio. Env. Sci.10( 6), 1-13, June 2017


JBES 2017 [Generate Certificate]


Mega chiropterans maintain high quality and quantity of the remaining forest ecosystem in Mt. Kitanglad Range. Hence, this study determined the different species of fruit bats in forest patches with varied quantity and quality influenced by human activities. Mist-netting technique was used comprising a total of 522 net-nights established in selected forest patches in Mt. Kitanglad Range. Results showed three Mindanao Faunal Region endemic species (Alionycteris paucidentata, Ptenochirus minor and Megaerops wetmorei), three Philippine endemic species (Haplonycteris fischeri, Ptenochirus jagori and Harpyionycteris whiteheadi), and three non-endemic species (Rousettus amplexicaudatus, Macroglossus minimus and Cynopterus brachyotis). There were nine species under Family Pteropodidae Order Chiroptera. Endemic species dominated the large, diverse forest areas with minimal human activities while non-endemic species inhabited the small forest areas with high level of human disturbances such as agricultural encroachment and growing population densities. The presence of highly tolerant species despite human disturbances in small forest areas would indicate a relatively degrading forest habitat that in turn, may affect the ecosystem services provided by the forest ecosystem of Mt. Kitanglad Range. Thus, endemic fruit bats were associated to large forested areas rendering high quality ecosystem services. This study suggested urgent reforestation of degraded areas to attain high forest quality and quantity and stable ecosystem services.


Copyright © 2017
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Responses of fruit bats to habitat quantity and quality of selected forest patches in mt. kitanglad range, Bukidnon, Philippines

Faria D, Pacencia ML, Dixo B, Laps M, Baumgarten J. 2007. Ferns, frogs, birds, bats in forest fragments and shade cacao plantations in two contrasting landscapes in the Atlantic forest, Brazil. Biodiversity Conservation 16, 2335-2357.

Ferraz G, Russell GJ, Stouffer PC, Bierregaard RO JR, Pimm SL Lovejoy TE. 2003. Rates of species loss from Amazonian forest fragments. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 100 (24), 14069–14073.

Fernando ES, Suh MH, Lee J, Lee JK. 2008. Forest formations of the Philippines. Association of South East Asian Nations-Korea Environmental Cooperation Unit. 1-52 P.

Gallo PH, Dos Reis NR, Andrade FR, De Almeida IG. 2010. Bats (Mammalia: Chiroptera) in native and reforested areas in Rancho Alegre, Parana, Brazil. International Journal of Tropical Biology 58 (4), 1311-1322.

Heaney LR, Balete DS, Dolar ML, Alcala AC, Dans ATL, Gonzales PC, Ingle NR, Lepiten MV, Oliver WLR, Ong PS, Rickart EA, Tabaranza BR JR, Utzurrum RCB. 1998. Fieldiana: Zoology: New Series, no. 88.  Field Museum of Natural History. pp.1-61.

Heaney LR, Heidemann PD. 1987. Philippine fruit bats: Endangered and extinct. Bat Conservation International. Springer 5(1).

Ingle NR, Heaney LR. 1992. A key to the bats of the Philippine islands.  Fieldiana Zoology  69, 1‑44.

Lopez RC, Mirasol FSJR, Golosino B, Lasco RD. 2014. Mount Kitanglad Range proposed forest carbon development. World Agroforestry Centre. Southeast Asia Regional Office.

Myers N, Mittermeier RA, Mittermeier CG, Da Fonseca Gab, Kent J. 2000. Biodiversity hotspots for conservation priorities. Nature 403, 853-858.

Opiso EM, Quimpang VT,  Leaño EP, GALAN GL,  Acma FM,  Coritico FP, Labadan A, Forten RR,  Coquilla KL, Bruno AG, Amoroso VB. 2014. Assessment of biodiversity and water quality in association with land use in the Alanibriver, Mt. Kitanglad Range Park, Philippines. Asian Journal of Biodiversity 5(1).

Relox RE, Ates-Camino FB, Bastian  ST JR, Leańo EP.  2009. Elevational gradation of mammals in tropical forest of Mt. Hamiguitan Range, Davao Oriental.  Journal of Nature Studies 8 (1), 27-34.

Relox RE, Florece L, Baril J, Coladilla J. 2014. Assessment of fruit bats and their diets in Mt. Apo Natual Park, Kidapawan, North Cotabato. Journal of Environmental Science and Management.

Rola AC, Sumbalan AT, Suminguit  VJ. 2014. Realities of the watershed management approach: The Manupali watershed experience (Final Report). Philippine Institute for Development Studies. Discussion Paper Series no. 2004-23.

Serrano R,  Lastimosa PJ.  1987. Manual on vegetation analysis for grassland and forest ecosystems. Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development. Department of Science and Technology book series No. 5 p. 128.

Silvosa MR, Concepcion CB, Ibanez  JC, Ibanez  GB.  2004. Bats in the geothermal reservation of Mt. Apo Natural Park. Agham Mindanaw 2:73-82. Ateneo de Davao University.

Struebig MJ, Kingston T, Zubaid A, Mohd-Adnan A, Rossiter SJ. 2008. Conservation value of forest fragments to Paleotropical bats. Biological Conservation 141, 2112-2126.

Winkelman JR, Bonaccorso FJ, Strickler TL. 1999. Home range of the southern blossom bat, Syconycteris australis, in Papua New Guinea.

Wunderie JM JR. 1998. The role of animal seed dispersal in accelerating native forest regeneration on degraded tropical lands. Forest Ecology and Management 99 (1-2), 223-235.