Responses of potato genotypes to limited irrigation

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/11/2014
Views (173) Download (4)
current_issue_feature_image
publication_file

Responses of potato genotypes to limited irrigation

Habib Maralian, Safar Nasrollahzadeh, Yaegoob Raiyi, Davood Hassanpanah
Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res.5( 5), 13-19, November 2014.
Certificate: IJAAR 2014 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

In order to evaluate the responses of potato genotypes to different irrigation treatments, an experiment was carried out as split-plot based on randomized complete block design with three replications at the Research Center of Ardabil Agricultural and Natural Resources, Ardabil, Iran in 2013. Irrigation treatments were assigned to main plots and three Potato genotypes were allocated to the sub plots. The potato genotypes traits such as tuber yield, relative water content, starch content, chlorophyll (a), chlorophyll (b), chlorophyll (a+b), and carotenoid were assessed under both well-watered and deficit irrigation conditions. Results showed that limited irrigation reduced plant tuber yield to17.7% compared with common cultivar. The Clone 97-2 gave the highest tuber yield, chlorophyll (a+b) and carrotenoid content at 80% irrigation treatment. Therefore, some genotypes of potato are more suited for planting in Ardabil region. It was concluded that using clone 97-2 genotype in this region would be an advantage for farmers.

VIEWS 1

Arnon DL. 1994. Copper enzymes in isolated chloroplasts, polyphenol oxidase in Beta vulgaris. Plant Physiol. 24, 1-15

Ati AS, Iyada AD, Najim SM. 2012. Water use efficiency of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) under different irrigation methods and potassium fertilizer rates. Annals of Agricultural Science 57(2), 99–103.

Bartoszuk W. 1987. Decrease in potato yield resulting from water deficit during the growing season. Potato Abstract 15 (1), Abstract no: 194.

Cappaert MR, Powelson ML, Christensen NW, Stevenson, WR, Rouse DI. 1994. Assessment of irrigation as a method of managing potato early dying. Phytopathology 84, 792-800.

Deblonde PMK, Ledent JF. 2001. Effects of moderate drought conditions on green leaf number, stem height, leaf length and tuber yield of potato cultivars. European Journal of Agronomy 14, 31-41.

Eskandari A, Khazaie HR, Nezami A, Kafi M. 2011. Study the Effects of irrigation regimes on yield and some qualitative characteristics of three cultivars of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.). Journal of Water and Soil 25(2), 240-247.

Eldredge EP, Shock CC, Stieber TD. 1992. Plot sprinklers for irrigation research. Agronomy Journal 84, 1081-1084.

Erdem T, Erdem Y, Orta H, Okursoy H. 2006. Water-yield relationships of potato under different irrigation methods and regimens. Sci. Agric. 63(3), 226-231.

Faberio C, Olalla FMS, Juan JA. 2001. Yield size of deficit irrigated potatoes. Agriculture and Water Management 48, 255-266.

FAO.  2008.  FAOSTAT.  2008.  Agricultural  Data. Food  and  Agricultural  Organization  of  the  United Nations, Rome. Online at. http://faostat.fao.org/

FAO. 2010. FAOSTAT: FAO Statistics Division. August 11, 2010. Available in: http://faostat.fao.org/faostat/collections?subset=agri cultur.

Fernie AR, Willmitzer L. 2001. Molecular and biochemical triggers of tuber development. Plant Physiol. 127, 1459-1465.

Ferreira TC, Carr MKV. 2002. Response of potatoes (Solanum tuberosum L.) to irrigation and nitrogen in a hot, dry climate: I. Water use. Field Crops Research 78, 51-64.

Hassanpanah D. 2009. Effects of water deficit and potassium humate on tuber yield and yield component of potato cultivars in Ardabil Region, Iran. Res. J. Environ. Sci. 3, 351-356.

Hassanpanah D. 2010. Evaluation of potato advanced cultivars against water deficit stress under in vitro and in vivo Condition. Biotechnology 9(2), 164-169.

Hassanpanah D, Gurbanov E, Gadimov A, Shahriari R. 2008. Determination of yield stability in advanced potato cultivars as affected by water deficit and potassium humate in Ardabil region, Iran. Pakistan Journal of Biological Science 15, 1354-1359.

Heuer B, Nadler A. 1995. Growth and development of potatoes under salinity and water deficit. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research 46(7), 1477–1486.

Jefferies RA. 1993. Responses of potato genotypes to drought. I. Expansion of individual leaves and osmotic adjustment. Annals of Applied Biology 122, 93-104.

Jefferies RA, MacKerron DKL. 1993. Responses of potato genotypes to drought. II. Leaf area index, growth and yield. Annals of Applied Biology 122, 105-112.

Kashyap PS, Panda RK. 2003. Effect of irrigation scheduling on potato crop parameters under water stressed conditions. Agriculture and Water Management 59, 49-66.

Onder S, Caliskan ME, Onder D, Caliskan S. 2005. Different irrigation methods and water stress effects on potato yield and yield components. Agriculture and Water Management 73, 73-86.

Stark J, King B, Love S. 2006. Managing a potato crop with reduced water supplies. Presented at the Idaho Potato Conference on January 18, 2006.

Stark J, Mc Cann IR. 1992. Optimal allocation of limited water supplies for Russet Burbank potatoes. American Potato Journal 69, 413-421.

Stephen DJ. 1999. Multiple signaling pathways control tuber induction in potato. Plant Physiol. 119, 1-8.

Tarn RT, Tai GCC, De Jong H, Murphy AM, Seabrook JEA. 1992. Breeding potatoes for long-day, temperate climates. Plant Breed. Rev. 9, 217-332.