Review Article Pharmacological and phytochemical overview of Daucus carota L. (Black carrot)

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Review Article Pharmacological and phytochemical overview of Daucus carota L. (Black carrot)

Mehnaz Ghulum Nabi, Abida Latif, Kanwal Ashiq, Shafiq Ali Shah, Ahdania Batool, Sadaf Faiz
Int. J. Biosci.19( 2), 160-169, August 2021.
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Daucus carota, or black carrot, belongs to the family Apiaceae. Globally, Daucus carota is widely using to treat different ailments. The objective of this study is to document previously established pharmacological activities and isolated phytochemicals of the black carrot. The data was searched in the English language without any year limit. Various electronic databases were used for the literature survey, including Web of Sciences, Pub Med, and Scopus. The phytochemical investigation of Daucus carota L. revealed that the plant contains lecithin, pectin, essential oils, volatile oils, provitamin, gluten, starch, extractine, malic acid, carotin, albumen, water, sugar, and trace elements like calcium, manganese, phosphorus, iron, potassium, molybdenum, etc. Anthocyanins and carotenoids are the essential antioxidant constituents present in carrots. Anthocyanin-rich carrots are purple. In addition, carrots have three unique flavonoids, namely quercetin, luteolin and kaempferol. Traditionally, Daucus carota is being utilized for its anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial, anti-fungal and antioxidant activities. Many scientific studies have validated its wound healing, hepatoprotective, renal protective, gastric healing, anti-bacterial, anti-cancer, anti-fungal and anti-diabetic activities. However, more scientific studies are required to justify its pharmacological use in traditional medicine. Further, toxicity and clinical studies should perform to ensure its effective and safe use.


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