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Review on: impact of seed rates and method of sowing on yield and yield related traits of Teff [Eragrostis teff (Zucc.) Trotter]

Mekonnen Gebeyaw

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Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res.17(2), 12-18, August 2020


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Teff [Eragrostis teff (Zucc.) Trotter] is native to Ethiopia. Self-pollinated warm season annual grass with the advantage of C4 photosynthetic pathway and tetraploid 2n=40 plant/crop. Countries like USA, Canada, Australia, Netherlands, South Africa and Kenya produce teff for different purposes such as forage crop, thickener for soups, stews and gravies. The largest production of Teff in the world is from Ethiopia where annually, above 6,562,325 farmers grow Teff on above 2.87 million hectares, which is about 22.95% of the total cultivated land in the country. From the production of the total grain crops teff contributed 16.1 % (4,471,378.7 tons) in the country. Teff can be considered as alternative cereal crop for growers and also beneficial as an additional gluten free source and have higher fibour content for people suffering from coeliac disease and diabetics in the world respectively. Despite of these facts; the productivity of teff is still lower. The cause for the lower yield of teff is lodgidng, method of sowing, use of suboptimum seed rate and fertilizer application. This review demonstrated that higher performance in grain yield, tillering, panicle length and vegetative biomass signaling great yield potential due to row sowing than broadcast and using of optimum seed rate could be recommended for maximum teff grain and straw yield.


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Review on: impact of seed rates and method of sowing on yield and yield related traits of Teff [Eragrostis teff (Zucc.) Trotter]

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