Int. J. Biosci.14(5), 483-496, May 2019
Cotton is important cash crop grown for fiber. Cotton fiber is used in fabrics and other things used in daily life. The production of many industries in the world and, especially in china is related to fiber. Proper nutrition plays great role in growth and high-quality fiber production. Different macro and micro nutrients are applied to cotton for high quality fiber production. Nitrogen is the highly utilizing nutrient among that. High growth, yield and quality of cotton depend on proper management of nitrogen. Due to increasing prices of nitrogen fertilizers researchers are working to increase nitrogen use efficiency (NUE) of cotton to benefit farmers. Nitrogen is applied through different methods at different rates. Mostly split application at PPA (Pre plant application), FBA (First bloom application) and PBA (Peak bloom application) with different rates according to soil and plant condition are in practice by farmers. Many organic and inorganic sources of nitrogen are available with different properties. NUE is affected by different factors like genotype, cropping system, soil, volatilization and leaching, N amount application and fertilizer timing. Prior to nitrogen fertilizer application nutrient status of soil must be analyzed to prevent nitrogen losses from the system. Different methods like soil testing, tissue testing, Leaf area index (LAI), normalize difference vegetation index (NDVI) and satellite imagery are suggested to improve NUE. Many researches proved that proper management of nitrogen increase farmers profit and NUE. This review highlights nitrogen response to cotton growth, yield, quality, NUE and factors affecting NUE and how to improve NUE through nitrogen management.
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