Int. J. Biosci.11(5), 396-402, November 2017
Quranic plants and plants mentioned in folk tales were played a vital role in the development of history of medicinal sciences. The wide geographical spread of Islam and extensive travel within its territories, adding information from Middle Eastern, Indian, and North African sources, there emerged a rich botanical literature. In Indo Pak, these travelers also played a significant role in spreads of Punjabi Urdu Sanskrit Sindhi folk and modern medicinal science history in which Muslim authors and Punjabi classical Poets sought to determine the true significance of these plants. History of Islamic medicine started from 2nd century of Hijri Era, when Abdual Malik bin Habib Undluis compiled his first book “Tibb-e-Nabavi”. These books provide lot of information about the medicine, their properties, their uses, dire use and the direction by Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) for cure through these plants. The climax of Islamic medicine were started by when many Muslim scientists (Al-Asma’i, Al-Shaybani, Ibn Al-Arabi, Ibn as-Sikkit, Abu Hanifa, etc.) worked on these plant, they classify, identify, named, extract the medicine and check their dose. The World Health Organization estimates that 80 percent of the population of some Asian and African countries presently uses herbal medicine for some aspect of primary health care. Almost 80 plants are mentioned in Punjabi classical tales which are serving humanity for their medicinal properties. The overall key is no side effects of these herbal plant and effective remedies were reputed. These plants can be used in future for the drug development by the pharmaceutical industries.
Afzal M. 2014. Quran k pody, Lahore: Alfaisal Nashran 178.
Ahmad M, Khan MA, Marwat SK. 2009. Useful medicinal flora enlisted in Holy Quran and Ahadith. American-Eurasian Journal of Agriculture and Environment Science 5(1), 126-140.
Al- Hilali MT, Khan MM. 2008. Translation of the meaning of the Nobel Quran in the English language. King Fahd complex for the printing of the Holy Quran Madinah, K.S.A. 13.
Al. Jauziya. 2003. Healing with the medicine of the Prophet. 2nd Ed. J. Abdual Rub, Trans. K.SA Darussalam 23.
Al-Hassani S. 2006. Invention Muslim Heritage in our world. UK. Foundation for Science and Technology and civilization 45.
Anwer M. 2005. Hamari Jhribootian Tibi Khwas or Qudriti Fawaid, Lahore: Takhleekat 205.
Aslam S. 1999. Sehat Sub k Liy, Islamabad: Muktadra Qoumi Zuban 55-56.
As-Suyuti JA. 2009. Medicine of the Prophet. Ahmed Thomson, translator, UK: Ta-Ha publishers 36.
Ayad A. 2008. Healing Body & Soul. KSA: IIPH 41.
Az-Zahabi S. 2004. Prophetic medicine. Edited, M.A. Al-Merashly, Lebanon: Dar An-nafaes 314.
Berkhudar H. 1965. Edited Faqeer MF. Mirza Sahiban Aziz Hafiz Berkhurdar, Lahore: Punjabi adbi boar 94-102.
Ebeling E. 2009. Herbs, Qur’an, and Mashetani: Practice, Use, Perception, and Integration of Traditional Medicine in Bodo. Spring 38.
Ede A, Ormack LB. 2012. A History of Science in Society: From the Ancient Greeks to the Scientific Revolution, North York, Ontario, Canada: University of Toronto Press 102.
Fakhri KP, Adelzadeh P, Ghanimat P. 2012. Studying the statue of organization in Holy Quran. Journal of Applied and Environmental Biological Sciences 2, 162-167.
Farooqi MIH. 2010. Medicinal Plants in the traditions of Prophet Muhammad with colour images. Sidrah Publishers 208.
Ghaznavi K. 1987. Tib-i-Nabvi and Modern Science, Lahore: Alfaisal 1(2), 1-14.
Hashim S. 2008. Sasi Hashim Shah, Edited, Mumtaz, A. S. Lahore: Alrihan publishers 43-47.
Meri, JW. 2006. Medieval Islamic Civilization: an encyclopedia, New York, NY: Taylor and Francis 910-912.
Nagamia, HF. 1998. Islamic medicine history and current practice Retrieved .167-169.
National Library of Medicine. 2007. Islamic Culture and the Medical Arts: Prophet Medicine 512.
Rasool G. 2000. Ahsan ul Qisas, Lahore: Sang-e- Meel Publishers 160.
Shah M. 2007. Buga mul Bishnu, Edited, Zafar,M, Lahore: Bazam Mola Shah 330-332.
Shah M. 2014. Zohra Mushtari, Ed, Zafar, M, Lahore: Kramat Skhawat Printers 72-78.
Shah W. 2008. Hear Waaris Shah, Edited Abudul Aziz, Lahore: Aziz Book Depot 51-52.
World Health Organization. 2015. Opening remarks at the International Forum on Traditional Medicine China, Macao SAR 127.
Yari K, Kazemi E, Yarani R, Tajehmiri A. 2011. Islamic bioethics for fetus abortion in Iran. American Journal of Scientific Research 18, 118-121.