Roles of insect pollinators, natural enemies and farmers’ knowledge on improving bean production in tropical Africa

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Research Paper 01/10/2017
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Roles of insect pollinators, natural enemies and farmers’ knowledge on improving bean production in tropical Africa

Martin G. Mkindi, Patrick A. Ndakidemi, Ernest R Mbega
J. Bio. Env. Sci.11( 4), 229-239, October 2017.
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Ecosystem services play a significant role in sustainable agricultural development worldwide. Commonly examples of well-known groups of providers of ecosystem services are insect pollinators and natural enemies of bean pests. These providers of ecosystem services and other natural services are crucial for ecosystems’ proper functioning and thereby sustaining plant growth, crop production and protection against crop pests. Literature provides evidence for a great role that the ecosystem services play in sustainable crop production. However, limited information is available on significance, farmer’s knowledge and their functions in bean pest management in tropical Africa. Lack of understanding on the ecosystem services and the providers of ecosystem services can lead to improper providers of ecosystem services conservation as a consequence, increase pest pressure which can result in poor crop yields. Therefore, this review discusses the level of understanding of small scale farmers, significance and potential use of the ecosystem services (pollinators and natural enemies of bean pests) for sustainable bean production and further, outlines potential research gaps for management and optimization of the ecosystem services in the tropical Africa.


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