Salinity effects on wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) characteristics – a review article
Akram M, Hussain M, Akhtar S, Rasul E. 2002.Impact of NaCl salinity on yield components of some wheat accessions/varieties. International Journal of Agriculture & Biology, 1, 156-158.
Ahmad M, Shahzad A, Iqbal M, Asif M, Hirani, AH. 2013. Morphological and molecular genetic variation in wheat for salinity tolerance at germination and early seedling stage. Australian Journal of Crop Science, 7(1), 66.
Afzal I, Basra SMA, Ahmad N, Farooq M. 2005.Optimization of hormonal priming techniques for alleviation of salinity stress in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.).
Akbari G, Sanavy SA, Yousefzadeh S. 2007.Effect of auxin and salt stress (NaCl) on seed germination of wheat cultivars (Triticum aestivum L.).Pakistan journal of biological sciences, 10(15), 2557-2561.
Almansouri M, Kinet JM, Lutts S. 2001.Effect of salt and osmotic stresses on germination in durum wheat (Triticum durum Desf.). Plant and soil, 231(2), 243-254.
Arfan M, Athar HR, Ashraf M. 2007.Does exogenous application of salicylic acid through the rooting medium modulate growth and photosynthetic capacity in two differently adapted spring wheat cultivars under salt stress?. Journal of Plant Physiology, 164(6), 685-694.
Akbarimoghaddam H, Galavi M, Ghanbari A, Panjehkeh N. 2011. Salinity effects on seed germination and seedling growth of bread wheat cultivars. Trakia journal of Sciences, 9(1), 43-50.
Al-maskri A, Hameed M, Ashraf M, Khan M. M, Fatima S, Nawaz T, Batool R. 2014.Structural features of some wheat (Triticum Spp.) Landraces/Cultivars under drought and salt sress. Arid Land Research and Management, 28(3), 355-370.
Anderson JV, Davis DG. 2004.Abiotic stress alters transcript profiles and activity of glutathione S‐transferase, glutathione peroxidase, and glutathione reductase in Euphorbia esula. Physiologia Plantarum, 120(3), 421-433.
Ashraf M, O’leary JW. 1996. Responses of Some Newly Developed Salt‐tolerant Genotypes of Spring Wheat to Salt Stress: 1. Yield Components and Ion Distribution. Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science, 176(2), 91-101.
Acevedo E, Silva P, Silva H. 2002.Wheat growth and physiology. CURTIS, BC et al. Bread wheat. Rome, Italy: FAO Plant Production and Protection Series (FAO), (30).
Begum F, Karmoker JL, Fattah QA, Maniruzzaman AFM. 1992.The effect of salinity on germination and its correlation with K+, Na+, Cl− accumulation in germinating seeds of Triticum aestivum L. cv. Akbar. Plant and cell physiology, 33(7), 1009-1014.
Bockheim JG, Gennadiyev AN. 2000.The role of soil-forming processes in the definition of taxa in Soil Taxonomy and the World Soil Reference Base. Geoderma, 95(1), 53-72.
Bray EA. 1997.Plant responses to water deficit. Trends Plant Science. 2, 48–54.
Benhayyim G, Faltin Z, Gepstein S, Camoin L, Strosberg AD, Eshdat Y. 1993.Isolation and characterization of salt-associated protein in Citrus. Plant Science. 88, 129–140.
Bacilio M, Rodriguez H, Moreno M, Hernandez JP, Bashan Y. 2004.Mitigation of salt stress in wheat seedlings by a gfp-tagged Azospirillum lipoferum. Biology and Fertility of Soils, 40(3), 188-193.
Close TJ. 1996.Dehydrins: emergence of a biochemical role of a family of plant dehydration proteins. Physiologia Plantarum, 97(4), 795-803.
Carillo P, Annunziata MG, Pontecorvo G, Fuggi A, Woodrow P. 2011.Salinity stress and salt tolerance. In Abiotic Stress in Plants-Mechanisms and Adaptations. InTech.
Daei G, Ardekani MR, Rejali F, Teimuri S, Miransari M. 2009. Alleviation of salinity stress on wheat yield, yield components, and nutrient uptake using arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi under field conditions. Journal of plant physiology, 166(6), 617-625.
dos Reis SP, Lima AM, de Souza CRB. 2012.Recent molecular advances on downstream plant responses to abiotic stress. International journal of molecular sciences13(7), 8628-8647.
Elshintinawy F, Elshourbagy MN. 2001.Alleviation of changes in protein metabolism in NaCl-stressed wheat seedlings by thiamine. Biologia plantarum, 44, 541–545.
El-Hendawy SE, Hu Y, Yakout GM, Awad AM, Hafiz SE, Schmidhalter U. 2005.Evaluating salt tolerance of wheat genotypes using multiple parameters. European journal of agronomy, 22(3), 243-253.
El‐Hendawy SE, Ruan Y, Hu Y, Schmidhalter, U. 2009.A comparison of screening criteria for salt tolerance in wheat under field and controlled environmental conditions. Journal of agronomy and crop science, 195(5), 356-367.
Egamberdieva D. 2009.Alleviation of salt stress by plant growth regulators and IAA producing bacteria in wheat. Acta Physiologiae Plantarum, 31(4), 861-864.
El-Samad HA. 1993. Counteraction of NaCl with CaCl2 or KCl on pigment, saccharide and mineral contents in wheat. Biologia plantarum, 35(4), 555-560.
Flowers TJ. 2004.Improving crop salt tolerance. Journal of Experimental botany, 55(396), 307-319.
Francois LE, Maas EV, Donovan TJ, Youngs, VL. 1986.Effect of salinity on grain yield and quality, vegetative growth, and germination of semi-dwarf and durum wheat. Agronomy Journal, 78(6), 1053-1058.
Farooq S, Azam AF. 2006.The use of cell membrane stability (CMS) technique to screen for salt tolerant wheat varieties. Journal of plant physiology,163, 629- 637.
Forster BP, Miller TE, Law CN. 1988.Salt tolerance of two wheat–Agropyron junceum disomic addition lines. Genome, 30(4), 559-564.
Gorham J, Jones RW, Bristol A. 1990.Partial characterization of the trait for enhanced K+− Na+ discrimination in the D genome of wheat. Planta, 180(4), 590-597.
Grieve CM, Francois LE. 1992.The importance of initial seed size in wheat plant response to salinity. Plant and Soil, 147(2), 197-205.
Gupta S, Srivastava J.1990.Effect of salt stress on morph physiological parameters in wheat. Indian Journal of Plant Physiology, 32, 162-171.
Goudarzi M, Pakniyat H. 2008.Evaluation of wheat cultivars under salinity stress based on some agronomic and physiological traits. Journal of Agriculture and Social Sciences, 4, 35–38.
Ghiyasi M, Seyahjani AA, Tajbakhsh M, Amirnia R, Salehzadeh, H. 2008.Effect of osmopriming with polyethylene glycol (8000) on germination and seedling growth of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) seeds under salt stress. Research Journal of Biological Sciences3(10), 1249-1251.
Hampson CR, Simpson GM. 1990.Effects of temperature, salt, and osmotic potential on early growth of wheat (Triticum aestivum). I. Germination. Canadian Journal of Botany, 68(3), 524-528.
Hameed Mansoor, Mansoor UBEDA, Ashraf Muhammad, Rao AUR. 2002.Variation in leaf anatomy in wheat germplasm from varying drought-hit habitats. International Journal of Agriculture & Biology, 4, 12-16.
Hameed M, Ashraf M, Ahmad MSA, Naz N. 2010.Structural and functional adaptations in plants for salinity tolerance. In Plant adaptation and phytoremediation (pp. 151-170). Springer Netherlands.
Haque SA. 2006. Salinity problems and crop production in coastal regions of Bangladesh. Pakistan Journal of Botany 38, 1359–1365.
Hu Y, Schmidhalter U. 1998.Spatial distributions and net deposition rates of mineral elements in the elongating wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) leaf under saline soil conditions. Planta, 204, 212–219.
Hussain KA, Majeed A, Nawaz K, Nisar MF. 2011.Changes in morphological attributes of maize (Zea mays L.) under NaCl salinity. American- Eurasian Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences8, 230-232.
Irfan A, Shahzadm AB, Amir I. 2005.The effects of seed soaking with plant growth regulators on seedling vigor of wheat under salinity stress. Journal of Stress Physiology & Biochemistry, 1(1).
Hu Y, Schmidhalter U. 2001.Effects of salinity and macronutrient levels on micronutrients in wheat. Journal of plant nutrition, 24(2), 273-281.
Ingram J, Bartels D.1996.The molecular basis of dehydration tolerance in plants. Annual review of plant biology47, 377–403.
James RA, Rivelli AR, Munns R, von Caemmerer S. 2002.Factors affecting CO2 assimilation, leaf injury and growth in salt-stressed durum wheat. Functional Plant Biology, 29, 1393–1403.
Jbir N, Chaïbi W, Ammar S, Jemmali A, Ayadi A. 2001. Root growth and lignification of two wheat species differing in their sensitivity to NaCl, in response to salt stress.Comptes Rendus de l’Académie des Sciences – Series III – Sciences de la Vie, 324, 863–868.
James RA, Rivelli AR, Munns R, Von Caemmerer, S. 2002.Factors affecting CO2 assimilation, leaf injury and growth in salt-stressed durum wheat. Functional Plant Biology, 29(12), 1393-1403.
Khan MA, Shirazi MU, Khan MA, Mujtaba S. M, Islam E, Mumtaz S, Ashraf MY. 2009.Role of proline, K/Na ratio and chlorophyll content in salt tolerance of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Pakistan Journal of Botany, 41(2), 633-638.
Khan MA, Shirazi MU, Mukhtiar Ali, Mumtaz S, Shereen A, Ashraf MY. 2006. Comparative Performance of some wheat genotypes growing under saline water. Pakistan Journal of Botany, 38(5), 1633-1639.
Kingsbury RW, Epstein E. 1984.Selection for salt-resistant spring wheat. Crop Science, 24(2), 310-315.
Khatkar D, Kuhad MS. 2000. Short-term salinity induced changes in two wheat cultivars at different growth stages. Biologia Plantarum, 43(4), 629-632.
Kingsbury RW, Epstein E. 1984.Selection for salt-resistant spring wheat. Crop Science, 24(2), 310-315.
Maas EV, Poss JA. 1989.Salt sensitivity of wheat at various growth stages. Irrigation Science, 10(1), 29-40.
Maas E, Poss J. 1989.Salt sensitivity of wheat at various growth stages. Irrigation Science 10, 29–40.
Mozafar AT, Goodin JR. 1986.Salt tolerance of two differently drought-tolerant wheat genotypes during germination and early seedling growth. Plant and soil, 96(3), 303-316.
Munns R, James RA, Islam A, Colmer TD. 2011.Hordeum marinum-wheat amphiploids maintain higher leaf K+: Na+ and suffer less leaf injury than wheat parents in saline conditions. Plant and Soil, 348, 365–377.
Munns R, James RA, Läuchli A. 2006.Approaches to increasing the salt tolerance of wheat and other cereals. Journal of Experimental Botany, 57, 1025–1043.
Munns R, James RA, Xu B. 2012. Wheat grain yield on saline soils is improved by an ancestral Na+ transporter gene. Nature Biotechnology, 30, 360–364.
Munns R, Rawson H. 1999.Effect of salinity on salt accumulation and reproductive development in the apical meristem of wheat and barley. Functional Plant Biology 26, 459–464.
Munns R, Schachtman DP, Condon AG. 1995.The significance of a two-phase growth response to salinity in wheat and barley. Functional Plant Biology, 22(4), 561-569.
Mostajeran A, Rahimi-Eichi V. 2008.Drought stress effects on root anatomical characteristics of rice cultivars (Oryza sativa L.). Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 11(18), 2173-2183.
Moustafa AH, Shabassy AI, Gohar AI, Abd-El-Naim EN, Rahman AA, Elshal ME. 1966.Growth and cationic accumulation by wheat and barley, as influenced by various levels of exchangeable sodium. Agric Res Rev Cairo, 44, 1-17.
Maas EV, Lesch SM, Francois LE, Grieve CM. 1994.Tiller development in salt-stressed wheat. Crop science, 34(6), 1594-1603.
Maas EV, Grieve CM. 1990.Spike and leaf development of sal-stressed wheat. Crop Science 30(6), 1309-1313.
Mehta P, Jajoo A, Mathur S, Bharti S. 2010.Chlorophyll a fluorescence study revealing effects of high salt stress on photosystem II in wheat leaves. Plant physiology and biochemistry, 48(1), 16-20.
Muhammad Z, Hussain F. 2012.Effect of NaCl salinity on the germination and seedling growth of seven wheat genotypes. Pakistan Journal of Botany, 44, 1845-1850.
Nicolas ME, Munns R, Samarakoon AB, Gifford RM. 1993.Elevated CO2 improves the growth of wheat under salinity. Functional Plant Biology, 20(3), 349-360.
Noaman MM, Dvorak J, Dong JM. 2002.Genes inducing Salt tolerance in wheat, Lophopyrum elongatum and amphiploid and their responses to ABA under salt stress. Prospects for Saline Agriculture (Series: Tasks for Vegetation Science)37, 139–144.
Naz N, Hameed M, Sajid Aqeel Ahmad M, Ashraf M, Arshad M. 2010.Is soil salinity one of the major determinants of community structure under arid environments?. Community Ecology, 11(1), 84-90.
Oproi E, Madosa M. 2014.Germination of Different Wheat Cultivars under Salinity Conditions. Journal of Horticulture, Forestry and Biotechnology 18, 89-92.
Poustini K, Siosemardeh A. 2004.Ion distribution in wheat cultivars in response to salinity stress. Field Crops Research, 85, 125-133.
Pnueli L, Hallak‐Herr E, Rozenberg M, Cohen, M, Goloubinoff P, Kaplan A, Mittler R. 2002.Molecular and biochemical mechanisms associated with dormancy and drought tolerance in the desert legume Retama raetam. The Plant Journal, 31(3), 319-330.
Poljakoff-Mayber A. 1975.Morphological and anatomical changes in plants as a response to salinity stress (Vol. 159). Springer-Verlag, Berlin. Remote Sensing Techniques and Geographic Information.
Quintero FJ, Garciadeblas B, Rodríguez-Navarro A. 1996.The SAL1 gene of Arabidopsis, encoding an enzyme with 3′(2′), 5′-bisphosphate nucleotidase and inositol polyphosphate 1-phosphatase activities, increases salt tolerance in yeast. The Plant Cell, 8(3), 529-537.
Richards R, Dennett C, Qualset C, Epstein E, Norlyn J, Winslow M. 1987.Variation in yield of grain and biomass in wheat, barley, and triticale in a salt-affected field. Field Crops Research15, 277–287.
Reviron MP, Vartanian N, Sallantin M, Huet, JC, Pernollet JC, de Vienne D. 1992.Characerization of a novel protein induced by progessive or rapid drought and salinity in Brassica napus leaves. Plant Physiology, 100, 1486–1493.
Rury P, Dickinson W. 1984.Structural correlations among woody leaves and plant habit. In: White RA, Dickinson W, eds. Contemporary problems in plant anatomy. Orlando, FL, USA: Academic Press Inc, 495– 540.
Rivelli AR, James RA, Munns R, Condon AT. 2002.Effect of salinity on water relations and growth of wheat genotypes with contrasting sodium uptake. Functional Plant Biology, 29(9), 1065-1074.
Rawson HM, Richards RA, Munns R. 1988.An examination of selection criteria for salt tolerance in wheat, barley and triticale genotypes. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research, 39(5), 759-772.
Sairam RK, Srivastava GC, Agarwal S, Meena, RC. 2005.Differences in antioxidant activity in response to salinity stress in tolerant and susceptible wheat genotypes. Biologia Plantarum, 49(1), 85-91.
Sharma SK, Garg OP. 1983.Comparative study of osmotic and salt stress effects on nitrate assimilation in wheat. Current Agriculture 7, 36-40.
Sairam RK, Veerabhadra Rao K and Srivastava GC.2002.Differential response of wheat genotypes to long term salinity stress in relation to oxidative stress, antioxidant activity and osmolyte concentration. Plant Science, 163, 1037-1046.
Salama S, Trivedi S, Busheva M, Arafa A A, Garab G, Erdei L. 1994.Effects of NaCl salinity on growth, cation accumulation, chloroplast structure and function in wheat cultivars differing in salt tolerance. Journal of Plant Physiology, 144, 241-247.
Sharma SK. 1996. Effects of salinity on uptake and distribution of Na+ , Cland K+ in two wheat cultivars. Biologia plantarum, 38, 261-267.
Shahzad A, Ahmad M, Iqbal M, Ahmed I, Ali G. 2012.Evaluation of wheat landrace genotypes for salinity tolerance at vegetative stage by using morphological and molecular markers. Genetics and Molecular Research, 11, 679–692.
Shafi M, Zhang G, Bakht J, Khan MA, Islam U, Khan MD. 2010. Effect of cadmium and salinity stresses on root morphology of wheat. Pakistan Journal of Botany, 42, 2747–2754.
Saboora A, Kiarostami K, Behroozbayati F, Hajihashemi S. 2006.Salinity (NaCl) tolerance of wheat genotypes at germination and early seedling growth. Pakistan Journal of Biological Science, 9(11), 2009-2021.
Sairam RK, Rao KV, Srivastava GC. 2002.Differential response of wheat genotypes to long term salinity stress in relation to oxidative stress, antioxidant activity and osmolyte concentration. Plant Science, 163(5), 1037-1046.
Solomon M, Gedalovich E, Mayer AM, Poljakoff-Mayber A. 1986.Changes induced by salinity to the anatomy and morphology of excised pea roots in culture. Annals of Botany, 57(6), 811-818.
Shinozaki K, Yamaguchi-Shinozaki K, Mizoguchi T, Uraro T, Katagiri T, Nakashima, K, Abe, H, Ichimura K, Liu QA, Nanjyo T, Uno, Y, Luchi S, Srki M, Lto T, Hirayama T, Mikami K. 1998.Molecular responses to water stress in Arabidopsis thaliana. Journal of Plant Research, 111, 345–351.
Singh NK, Bracker CA, Hasegawa PM, Handa, AK, Buckel S, Hermodson MA, Pfankock E, Regnier FE, Bressan RA. 1987.Characterization of osmotin. Athumatin-like protein associated with osmotic adaptation in plant cells. Plant Physiology, 85 (79), 126–137.
Sadaka A, Himmelhoch S, Zamir A. 1991.A 150 kilodalton cell surface protein is induced by salt in the haloterant green alga Dunaliella salina. Plant Physiology, 95, 822–831.
Trouverie J, Thévenot C, Rocher JP, Sotta B, Prioul JL. 2003.The role of abscisic acid in the response of a specific vacuolar invertase to water stress in the adult maize leaf. Journal of Experimental Botany, 54(390), 2177-2186.
Temel A, Gozukirmizi N. 2015.Physiological and molecular changes in barley and wheat under salinity. Applied biochemistry and biotechnology, 175(6), 2950-2960.
Terletskaya N, Kurmanbayeva M. 2017.Change in leaf anatomical parameters of seedlings of different wheat species under conditions of drought and salt stress. Pakistan Journal of Botany, 49(3), 857-865.
Terletskaya N, Rysbekova A, Iskakova A, Khailenko N, Polimbetova F. 2011.Saline Stress Response of Plantlets of Common Wheat (Triticum аestivum) and Its Wild Congeners. Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology, 1(2), 198-20.
Terletskaya NV, Khailenko NA. 2015.Osmotic stress effect on different cytological characters of roots and grown parameters in different wheat species. Annual Research & Review in Biology, 5(4), 347-356.
Uga Y, Okuno K, Yano M. 2008.QTLs underlying natural variation in stele and xylem structures of rice root. Breeding Science, 58(1), 7-14.
Vargas WA, Pontis HG, Salerno, G. L. 2007.Differential expression of alkaline and neutral invertases in response to environmental stresses: characterization of an alkaline isoform as a stress-response enzyme in wheat leaves. Planta, 226(6), 1535-1545.
Wang ZQ, Yuan YZ, Ou JQ, Lin QH, Zhang C. F. 2007. Glutamine synthetase and glutamate dehydrogenase contribute differentially to proline accumulation in leaves of wheat (Triticum aestivum) seedlings exposed to different salinity. Journal of plant physiology, 164(6), 695-701.
Wu G, Wilen RW, Robertson AJ, Gusta LV. 1999.Isolation, chromosomal localization, and differential expression of mitochondrial manganese superoxide dismutase and chloroplastic copper/zinc superoxide dismutase genes in wheat. Plant physiology, 120(2), 513-520.
Wimmer MA, Mühling KH, Läuchli A, Brown PH, Goldbach HE. 2003.The interaction between salinity and boron toxicity affects the subcellular distribution of ions and proteins in wheat leaves. Plant, Cell & Environment 26(8), 1267-1274.
Wahid A, Perveen M, Gelani S, Basra SM. 2007.Pretreatment of seed with H 2 O 2 improves salt tolerance of wheat seedlings by alleviation of oxidative damage and expression of stress proteins. Journal of Plant Physiology, 164(3), 283-294.
Xie J, Dai Y, Mu H, De Y, Chen H, Wu Z, Ren W. 2016. Physiologicaland Biochemical Responses to NACl Salinity Stress in Three Roegneria (Poaceae) Species. Pakistan Journal of Botany, 48(6), 2215-2222.
Yambao EB, Ingram KT, Real JG.1992.Root xylem influence on the water relations and drought resistance of rice. Journal of Experimental Botany, 43(7), 925-932.
Zhao Y, Dong W, Zhang N, Ai X, Wang M, Huang Z, Xiao L, Xia G. 2014.A wheat allene oxide cyclase gene enhances salinity tolerance via jasmonate signaling. Plant Physiology, 164, 1068–1076.
Zheng Y, Wang Z, Sun X, Jia A, Jiang G, Li Z. 2008.Higher salinity tolerance cultivars of winter wheat relieved senescence at reproductive stage. Environmental and Experimental Botany 62(2), 129-138.
Zhu JK. 2003.Regulation of ion homeostasis under salt stress. Current opinion in plant biology, 6(5), 441-445.