Screening of fermentative symbiotic microorganisms from digestive tract of Macrotermes subhyalinus and Macrotermes bellicosus

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Research Paper 01/04/2013
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Screening of fermentative symbiotic microorganisms from digestive tract of Macrotermes subhyalinus and Macrotermes bellicosus

D.T. Yoro, NK Kouassi, S. Dabonné, LP Kouamé, R. Koffi-Nevry
Int. J. Biosci.3( 4), 27-35, April 2013.
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Abstract

Diversity of fermentative microorganisms in the digestive tract of Macrotermes bellicosus and Macrotermes subhyalinus, two species of tropical termites was investigated. Morphological, phenotypic and biochemical parameters were used for this preliminary study. Positive Gram bacteria were revealed on Man Rogosa Sharpe agar MRS and Chalmers agar while sabouraud chloramphenicol agar showed yeasts. Cultural techniques added to the use of API 50 CHL, had allowed the identification of lactic acid bacteria strains of the genera Lactobacillus, Lactococcus and Pediococcus. The API 20 CAUX revealed presence Candida and Cryptococcus only for M. bellicosus worker. These first results highlight the presence of a variety of fermentative microorganisms in the midgut of the two termites.

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