Screening of pea genotypes against salinity at seedling stage

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Research Paper 01/02/2022
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Screening of pea genotypes against salinity at seedling stage

Erum Rashid, Zahoor Hussain, Muhammad Azher Nawaz
Int. J. Biosci.20( 2), 142-152, February 2022.
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Abstract

Different 15-genotype of Pea (Pisum sativum L.) were grown in germination trays containing fine sand as a growth medium and exposed to five different salts (NaCl, MgSO4, CaCl2, Na2SO4) treatment, i.e., 0, 2.5, 5.0, 7.0 and 10 dS m-1. The germination and emergence percentage, root /shoot length, shoot/root dry weight, leaf area, and number of leaves per plant and chlorophyll content of all genotypes showed a significant decrease as salts levels increased. On the basis of percentage increase or decrease in the above-mentioned traits, the investigated genotypes were considered as salt-tolerant, intermediate tolerant and salt-sensitive groups. Therefore, Samarina zard, Climax, Sadique-1 and sprinter were found to be salt tolerant. While 6173, F-16, Jurass, Olympia and Green cross showed an intermediate salt-tolerant response. Whereas Ambasidar, Green arrow, Meteor and Assar were observed as highly salt-sensitive genotypes. Tolerant genotypes (Samarina zard, Climax, Sadique-1 and Sprinter) were successful in maintaining the maximum dry matter, low Cl and Na+, while high P, Mg, Ca and K+ under saline conditions.

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