Searching high yielding durum wheat genotype (s) through the assessment of the physiology, yield, and yield contributing attributes

Paper Details

Research Paper 11/09/2023
Views (535) Download (57)

Searching high yielding durum wheat genotype (s) through the assessment of the physiology, yield, and yield contributing attributes

Mohammad Nur Alam, Md. Zaherul Islam, Md. Abdullah Al Mamun, Md. Siddikun Nabi Mandal, Md. Monwar Hossain, Md. Ilias Hossain, Md. Forhad Amin, Md. Sariful Bin Ekram, Md. Zakir Hossain, Samima Akter, Md. Tanvir Abedin, Shaila Sharmin, Md. Mostofa Kamal Sohel, Md. Rabbi Hasan
Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res.23( 3), 1-9, September 2023.
Certificate: IJAAR 2023 [Generate Certificate]


Until any variety of durum wheat was released in Bangladesh. However, its demand increases in the country for its prepared quality of macaroni and pasta, and multidimensional uses. In fact, Bangladesh meets up the need of durum wheat completely importing from the foreign countries. Fifty genotypes of durum wheat were evaluated to search out a high yielding genotype (s) whereas BDW8 advanced line was used as check. Each genotype/entry (E) was sown in a plot (6 rows having each row 2.5m length) maintaining 20cm spacing between two rows. The experiment was laid out in the randomized complete block design with three replications. In the study, the genotype E-726 demonstrated the highest spikes m-2, grain spike-1, thousand grain weight (TGW) and grain yield than other genotypes whereas E-708 stood the second position regarding these yield and yield contributing attributes followed by E-725 while BDW8 line exhibited grain yield only 5.67 t ha-1. Oppositely, the lowest grain yield was produced by E-746 followed by E-749. Moreover, the genotypes E-718, E-719 and E-721 also exhibited comparatively more grain yield than BDW8. Therefore, the genotypes E-708, E-718, E-719, E-721, E-725 and E-726 may be the potential high yielding genotype (s), and should be further examined to verify their consistency to release a variety for durum wheat production in Bangladesh.


Aalami M, Leelavathi K, Rao UJSP. 2007. Spaghetti making potential of Indian durum wheat varieties in relation to their protein, yellow pigment and enzyme contents. Food Chemistry 100, 1243-1248.

Alam MN, Akhter MM, Hossain MM, Rokonuzzaman. 2013a. Performance of different genotypes of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in heat stress conditions. International Journal of Biosciences 3(8), 295-306.

Alam MN, Akhter MM, Hossain MM, Mahbubul SM. 2013c. Phenological changes of different wheat genotypes (Triticum aestivum L.) in high temperature imposed by late seeding. Journal of Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences 3(8), 83-93.

Alam MN, Bodruzzaman M, Hossain MM, Sadekuzzaman M. 2014. Growth performance of spring wheat under heat stress conditions. International Journal of Agronomy and Agricultural Research 4(6), 91-103.

Alam MN, Mannaf  MA, Sarker MAZ, Akhter MM. 2013b. Effect of terminal high temperature imposed by late sowing on phenological traits of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). International Journal of Agronomy and Agricultural Research 3(3), 6-10.

Alemu H. 2017. Review paper on breeding durum wheat (Triticum turgidum L. var. durum) for quality traits. International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications 1(5), 448-455.

BBS (Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics). 2020. Yearbook of Agricultural Statistics2021. Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (BBS), Statistics and Informatics Division, Ministry of Planning, Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

BWMRI (Bangladesh Wheat and Maize Research Institute). 2018. Annual research report, Nashipur, Dinajpur, 2018.

Chris G. 2017. World durum outlook. Available online:

FAO/UNDP (Food and Agricultural Organization /United Nations Development Programme). 1988. Land resources appraisals of Bangladesh for agricultural development. Agro-ecological regions of Bangladesh. Rome, FAO. (Report No. 2).

Garcı´a del Moral LF, Rharrabti Y, Villegas D, Royo C. 2003. Evaluation of grain yield and its components in durum wheat under mediterranean conditions: An ontogenic approach. Agronomy Journal 95, 266-274.

González-Ribot G, Opazo M, Silva P, Acevedo E. 2017. Traits explaining durum wheat (Triticum turgidum L. spp. Durum) yield in dry Chilean Mediterranean environments. Frontiers in Plant Science 8, 1781. /resources/IPO%20BOARD%202013/2%20Chris%20Gillen.pdf (accessed on 7 April 2017).

Khan AA, Alam MAm Alam MK, Alam MJ, Sarker ZI. 2013. Correlation and path analysis of durum wheat (Triticum turgidum L. var. Durum). Bangladesh Journal of Agricultural Research 38(3), 515-521.

Kubaláková M,  Kovářová P, Suchánková P, Číhalíková J. 2005. Chromosome sorting in tetraploid Wheat and its potential for genome analysis”, Genetics 170(2), 823-9.

Li Q, Zhang Y, Liu T, Wang F, Liu K, Chen J. 2015. Genetic analysis of kernel weight and kernel size in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) using unconditional and conditional QTL mapping. Molecular Breeding 35, 194. DOI: 10.1007/s11032-015-0384-4

Mellado M. 2007. El trigo en chile. Cultura, Ciencia Tecnología (Colección Libros INIA; 21), 684. Chillán: Centro Regional de Investigación Quilamapu.

Nahar KK, Ahamed U, Fujita M. 2010. Phenological variation and its relations with yield in several wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cultivars under normal and late sowing. Mediated heat stress condition. Not Science Biology 2(3), 51-56.

Nofouzi F. 2018. Evaluation of seed yield of durum wheat (Triticum durum) under drought stress and determining correlation among some yield components using path coefficient analysis. UNED Research Journal 10(1), 179-183.

Nouri-Ganbalani A, Nouri-Ganbalani G,  Hassanpanah D. 2009. Effects of drought stress condition on the yield and yield components of advanced wheat genotypes in Ardabil Iran. Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment 7, 228-234.

Quayyum MA. 1994. Effect of variety and seed rate on the yield of wheat. Bangladesh Journal of Agricultural Science 11, 152-153.

Rharrabti Y, Garcia del Moral LF, Villegas D, Royo C. 2003. Durum wheat quality in mediterranean environments: III. Stability and comparative methods in analysing G×E interaction. Field Crops Research 80, 141–146. DOI: 10.1016/S0378-4290(02)00178-8

Rharrabti Y, Villegas D, García del Moral LF, Aparicio N, Elhani S, Royo C. 2001. Environmental and genetic determination of protein content and grain yield in durum wheat under Mediterranean conditions. Plant Breeding 120, 381-388. DOI: 10.1046/j.1439-0523.2001.00628.x

Royo C, Nazco R, Villegas D. 2014. The climate of the zone of origin of Mediterranean durum wheat (Triticum durum Desf.) landraces affects their agronomic performance. Genetic Resource and Crop Evolution 61, 1345-1358. DOI: 10.1007/s10722-014-0116-3

Royo C, Villegas D, DelMoral LG, Elhani S, Aparicio N, Rharrabti Y. 2002. Comparative performance of carbon isotope discrimination and canopy temperature depression as predictors of genotype differences in durum wheat yield in Spain. Australian Journal Agricultural Research 53, 561-569. DOI: 10.1071/AR01016

Sip V, RuŽek P, Chrpová J, Vavera R, Kusá H. 2009. The effect of tillage practice, input level and environment on the grain yield of winter wheat in the Czech Republic. Field Crops Research 113, 131-137. DOI: 10.1016/j.fcr.2009. 04.013

Slafer GA, Calderini DF, Miralles DJ. 1996. Yield components and compensation in wheat: opportunities for further increasing yield potential,”in increasing yield potential in wheat: Breaking the barriers: proceedings of a workshop held in Ciudad Obregón, (Sonora: CIMMYT). 101-133.

Slafer GA, Miralles DJ, Savin R, Whitechurch EM, González FG. 2003. Ciclo Ontogénico, Dinámica del Desarrollo y Generación del Rendimiento y la Calidad en Trigo, in Producción de Granos: Bases Funcionales para su Manejo, eds. Satorre H, Benech Arnold RL, Slafer GA, de la Fuente EB, Miralles DJ (Buenos Aires: Editorial Facultad de Agronomía, Universidad de Buenos Aires) 101-132.

Troccoli A, Borrelli GM, De Vita P, Fares C, Di Fonzo N. 2000. Durum wheat quality: a multidisciplinary concept. Journal of Cereal Science 32, 99-113.

Wang RX, Hai L, Zhang XY, You GX, Yan CS, Xiao SH. 2009. QTL mapping for grain filling rate and yield-related traits in RILs of the Chinese winter wheat population Heshangmai × Yu8679. Theoretical Applied Genetics 118, 313–325. DOI: 10.1007/s00122-008-0901-5

Zadoks JC, Chang TT, Konzak CF. 1974. A decimal code for growth stages of cereals. Weed Research 14, 415-421. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-3180.1974.tb01084.x

Zapata C, Silva P, Acevedo E. 2004. Comportamiento de Isolíneas de Altura en Relación con el Rendimiento y Distribución de Asimilados en Trigo. Agricultura Técnica 64, 139-155. DOI: 10.4067/S0365-28072004000200003