Searching high yielding durum wheat genotype (s) through the assessment of the physiology, yield, and yield contributing attributes

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Research Paper 11/09/2023
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Searching high yielding durum wheat genotype (s) through the assessment of the physiology, yield, and yield contributing attributes

Mohammad Nur Alam, Md. Zaherul Islam, Md. Abdullah Al Mamun, Md. Siddikun Nabi Mandal, Md. Monwar Hossain, Md. Ilias Hossain, Md. Forhad Amin, Md. Sariful Bin Ekram, Md. Zakir Hossain, Samima Akter, Md. Tanvir Abedin, Shaila Sharmin, Md. Mostofa Kamal Sohel, Md. Rabbi Hasan
Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res.23( 3), 1-9, September 2023.
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Abstract

Until any variety of durum wheat was released in Bangladesh. However, its demand increases in the country for its prepared quality of macaroni and pasta, and multidimensional uses. In fact, Bangladesh meets up the need of durum wheat completely importing from the foreign countries. Fifty genotypes of durum wheat were evaluated to search out a high yielding genotype (s) whereas BDW8 advanced line was used as check. Each genotype/entry (E) was sown in a plot (6 rows having each row 2.5m length) maintaining 20cm spacing between two rows. The experiment was laid out in the randomized complete block design with three replications. In the study, the genotype E-726 demonstrated the highest spikes m-2, grain spike-1, thousand grain weight (TGW) and grain yield than other genotypes whereas E-708 stood the second position regarding these yield and yield contributing attributes followed by E-725 while BDW8 line exhibited grain yield only 5.67 t ha-1. Oppositely, the lowest grain yield was produced by E-746 followed by E-749. Moreover, the genotypes E-718, E-719 and E-721 also exhibited comparatively more grain yield than BDW8. Therefore, the genotypes E-708, E-718, E-719, E-721, E-725 and E-726 may be the potential high yielding genotype (s), and should be further examined to verify their consistency to release a variety for durum wheat production in Bangladesh.

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