Seasonal variability on the epidemiology of Dengue in Tangub City, Misamis Occidental, Philippines

Paper Details

Research Paper 05/01/2023
Views (1062) Download (166)
current_issue_feature_image
publication_file

Seasonal variability on the epidemiology of Dengue in Tangub City, Misamis Occidental, Philippines

Erlyn B. Ladesma, Quineybel N. Mag-usara, Lea Mae G. Matu-og, Monaliza Joy Zaragoza-Magsayo
Int. J. Biosci.22( 1), 119-131, January 2023.
Certificate: IJB 2023 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Seasonal variability contributes to the abundance of dengue mosquito vector. In this study, the prevalence rate of dengue on different seasons, by population characteristics and geographical location in the City of Tangub were determined. Dengue cases and climatological information from 2016-2021 were obtained through secondary data gathering. Based on the data, dengue cases are highest on the year 2019. Specifically, dengue was more prevalent during rainy period. In terms of gender and age, males with ages of 10 to 19 were more prone to contracting dengue. Notably, for the last six-years dengue was predominant in built-up areas. The association between climatological factors and dengue incidence was further determined. On hot season, the heat index (-0.12) and precipitation (-0.04) is negatively correlated to dengue cases. While heat index and dengue cases on rainy season have no correlation, precipitation revealed a weak positive correlation (0.04) towards dengue infection. And on cool-dry season, heat index and precipitation showed a weak positive (0.4) and weak negative correlation (-0.10) to dengue cases, respectively. Generally, the climatological variables show no significant correlation (p>0.05) towards dengue cases. This paper revealed that dengue is highest during rainy days however, climatological factors are not reliably considered as effective predictors to dengue cases.

VIEWS 362

Agarwal R, Kapoor S, Nagar R, Misra A, Tandon R, Mathur A. 2000. A Clinical study of the patients with dengue hemorrhagic fever during the epidemic of 1996 at Lucknow, India. Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health 30, 735-40.

Ahrens W, Pigeot I. 2007. Handbook of Epidemiology (1st Ed.). Springer, Heidelberg-New York.

Alshehri MSA. 2013. Dengue fever outburst and its relationship with climatic factors. World Applied Science Journal 22(4), 506-515.

Anker M, Arima Y. 2011. Male female difference in the number of reported incident dengue fever cases in Six Asian countries. Western Pacific Surveillance and Response Journal 2, 17-23.

Anosike JC, Nwoke BE, Okere AN, Oku EE, Asor JE, Emmy-Egbe IO, Adimike DA. 2007. Epidemiology of tree-hole breeding mosquitoes in the tropical rainforest of Imo State, south-east Nigeria. Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM 14(1), 31-38.

Arima Y. 2011. Male female difference in the number of reported incident dengue fever cases in Six Asian countries. Western Pacific Surveillance and Response Journal 2, 17-23.

Aurelio A, de los Reyes V, Escaner L. 2018. Dengue in the Philippines: Model and analysis of parameters affecting transmission. Journal of Biological Dynamics 12(1), 894-912.

Banerjee S, Aditya G, Saha GK. 2013. Household disposables as breeding habitats of dengue vectors: linking wastes and public health. Waste Management (New York, N.Y.) 33(1), 233-239.

Benedum C, Osama M, Seidahmed OM, Eltahir E, Markuzon N. 2018. Statistical modeling of the effect of rainfall flushing on dengue transmission in Singapore. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases.

Bhatt S, Gething PW, Brady OJ, Messina JP, Farlow AW, Moyes CL, Drake JM, Brownstein JS, Hoen AG, Sankoh O, Myers MF, George DB, Jaenisch T, Wint GR, Simmons CP, Scott TW, Farrar JJ, Hay SI. 2013. The global distribution and burden of dengue. Nature 496(7446), 504-507.

Bhattacharya M, Primack RB, Gerwein J. 2003. Are roads and railroads barriers to bumblebee movement in a temperate suburban conservation area? Biological Conservation 109(1), 37-45.

Bohra-Mishra P, Oppenheimer M, Cai R, Feng S, Licker R. 2017. Climate variability and migration in The Philippines. Population and Environment 38, 286-308.

Bouzid M, Colón-González FJ, Lung T, Lake IR, Hunter PR. 2014. Climate change and the emergence of vector-borne diseases in Europe: case study of dengue fever. BMC Public Health 14(1), 1-12.

Bravo L, Roque VG, Brett J, Dizon R, L’Azou M. 2011. Epidemiology of dengue disease in the Philippines (2011-2012): Asystematic literature review. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases 8(11).

Canyon DV, Hii JL, Müller R. 2000. Adaptation of Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) oviposition behavior in response to humidity and diet. Journal of Insect Physiology 45(10), 959-964.

Chadee DD, Shivnauth B, Rawlins SC, Chen AA. 2007. Climate, mosquito indices and the epidemiology of dengue fever in Trinidad (2002-2004). Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology 101(1), 69-77.

Chan M, Johansson M. 2012. The incubation Periods of Dengue Viruses. PLoS One 7(11), 50972.

Chang K, Lee NY, Ko WC, Tsai JJ, Lin WR, Chen TC, Lu PL, Chen YH. 2015. Identification of factors for physicians to facilitate early differential diagnosis of scrub typhus, murine typhus, and Q fever from dengue fever in Taiwan. Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran Za Zhi 50(1), 104-111.

Chaturvedi UC, Nagar R. 2008. Dengue and dengue hemorrhagic fever: Indian perspective. Journal of Biosciences 33(4), 429-441.

Choi Y, Tang CS, McIver L, Hashizume M, Chan V, Abeyasinghe RR, Iddings S, Huy R. 2016. Effects of weather factors on dengue fever incidence and implications for interventions in Cambodia. BMC Public Health 16, 241.

Chompoosri J, Thavara U, Tawatsin A, Anantapreecha S, Siriyasatien P. 2012. Seasonal monitoring of dengue infection in Aedes aegypti and serological feature of patients with suspected dengue in 4 central provinces of Thailand. The Thai Journal of Veterinary Medicine 42(2), 185.

Clark TM, Bradley TJ. 2002. Malpighian tubules of larval Aedes aegypti are hormonally stimulated by 5-hydroxytryptamine in response to increased salinity. Insect Biochemistry and Physiology 34(2), 123-141.

Donini A, Gaidhu MP, Strasberg DR, O’Donnell MJ. 2007. Changing salinity induces alterations in hemolymph ion concentration and Na+ and Cl- transport kinetics of the anal papillae in the larval mosquito, Aedes aegypti. The Journal of Experimental Biology 210, 983-992.

Eastin MD, Delmelle E, Casas I, Wexler J. 2014. Self C. Intra-interseasonal autoregressive prediction of dengue outbreaks using local weather and regional climate for a tropical environment in Colombia. American Journal Tropical and Medicine Hygiene 91, 598-610.

Edillo FE, Roble ND, Otero ND. 2012. The key breeding sites by pupal survey for dengue mosquito vectors, Aedes aegypti (Linnaeus) and Aedes albopictus (Skuse), in Guba, Cebu City, Philippines. The Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health 43(6), 1365-1374.

Ehelepola ND, Ariyaratne K, Buddhadasa WM, Ratnayake S, Wickramasinghe M. 2015. A study of the correlation between dengue and weather in Kandy City, Sri Lanka (2003 -2012) and lessons learned. Infectious Diseases of Poverty 4, 42.

Focks D, Barrera R. 2006. Dengue transmission dynamics: Assessment and implications for control. In: Report of the scientific working group meeting on dengue. Geneva: WHO 92-108.

Focks DA, Brenner RJ, Hayes J, Daniels E. 2000. Transmission thresholds for dengue in terms of Aedes aegypti pupae per person with discussion of their utility in source reduction efforts. American Journal of Tropical Medicine Hygiene 62(1), 11-18.

Fouque F, Carinci R, Gaborit P, Issaly J, Bicout DJ, Sabatier P. 2006. Aedes aegypti survival and dengue transmission patterns in French Guiana. Journal of Vector Ecology 31(2), 390-399.

Gentile C, Rivas GB, Lima JB, Bruno RV, Peixoto AA. 2013. Circadian clock of Aedes aegypti: effects of blood-feeding, insemination, and RNA interference. Memorias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz 108, Suppl 1, 80-7.

Goto K, Kumarendran B, Mettananda S, Gunasekara D, Fujii Y, Kaneko S. 2013. Analysis of effects of meteorological factors on dengue incidence in Sri Lanka using time series data. PloS One 8(5), e63717.

Gubler DJ. 2010. Dengue viruses. In: Mahy BW, Regenmortel MH, editors. Desk Encyclopedia of Human and Medical Virology. Boston (MA): Academic Press.

Halide H, Ridd PA. 2008. Predictive model for dengue hemorrhagic fever epidemics. International Journal of Environmental Health Response 18, 253-265.

Halstead SB. 2006. Dengue in the Americas and Southeast Asia: do they differ. Pan American Journal of Public Health 20(6), 407-415.

Hay SI, Myers MF, Burke DS, Vaughn DW, Endy T, Nisalak A. 2000. Etiology of interepidemic periods of mosquito-borne disease. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 97, 9335-9.

Herriman R. 2017. Dengue cases near 100,000 in the Philippines, dramatic decrease from last year. News Desk.

Hii YL, Rocklov J, Ng N, Tang CS, Pang FY, Sauerborn R. 2009. Climate variability and increases in intensity and magnitude of dengue incidence in Singapore. Global Health Action 2(1).

Huy R, Buchy P, Conan A, Ngan C, Ong S, Ali R, Duong V, Yit S, Ung S, Te V. 2010. National dengue surveillance in Cambodia 1980-2008: Epidemiological and virological trends and the impact of vector control. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 88(9), 650-657.

Iguchi JA, Seposo XT, Honda Y. 2018. Meteorological factors affecting dengue incidence in Davao, Philippines. BMC Public Health 18(1), 629.

Itrat A, Khan A, Javaid S, Kamal M, Khan H, Javed S, Kalia S, Khan AH, Sethi MI, Jehan I. 2008. Knowledge, awareness and practices regarding dengue fever among the adult population of dengue hit cosmopolitan. PloS One 3(7), e2620.

Jahan Y, Rahman A. 2020. Management of dengue hemorrhagic fever in a secondary level hospital in Bangladesh: A case report. IDCases 21, e00880.

Kalnay E, Cai M. 2003. Impact of urbanization and land-use change on climate. Nature 423(6939), 528-531.

Karyanti MR, Uiterwaal CS, Kusriastuti R, Hadinegoro SR, Roversmm, Heesterbeek H, Hoes AW, Bruijning-Verhagen P. 2014. The changing incidence of dengue haemorrhagic fever in Indonesia: A 45-year registry-based analysis. BMC Infectious Diseases 14, 412.

Kesetyaningsih TW, Andari S, Sudarto S, Pramoedyo H. 2018. Determination of environmental factors affecting dengue incidence in Sleman district, Yogyakarta, Indonesia. African Journal of Infectious Diseases, 12(1) 13-25.

Kusumawathie PHD. 2005. Larval infestation of Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus in six types of institutions in a dengue transmission area in Kandy Sri Lanka. Dengue Bulletin 29, 165-8.

Li Y, Kamara F, Zhou G, Puthiyakunnon S, Li C, Liu Y, Zhou Y, Yao L, Yan G, Chen XG. 2014. Urbanization increases Aedes albopictus larval habitats and accelerates mosquito development and survivorship. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases 8(11), e3301.

Lim JT, Chew L, Choo E, Dickens B, Ong J, Aik J, Ng LC, Cook AR. 2021. Increased Dengue Transmissions in Singapore Attributable to SARS-CoV-2 Social Distancing Measures. The Journal of Infectious Diseases 223(3), 399-402.

Liu Q, Xu W, Lu S, Jiang J, Zhou Z, Shao Z, Liu X, Xu L, Xiong Y, Zheng H, Jin S, Jiang H, Cao W, Xu J. 2018. Landscape of emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases in China impact of ecology, climate and behavior. Frontiers Medicine 12(1), 3-22.

Luz C, Tai M, Santos A, Silva H. 2008. Impact of moisture on survival of Aedes aegypti eggs and ovicidal activity of Metarhizium anisopliae under laboratory conditions. Memorias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz 103, 214-5.

Marcotullio P, Copper R, Lebel L. 2014. Climate and Urbanization. Climate in Asia and the Pacific 59-127.

Martini M. 2019. Incidence hemorrhagic fever (DHF) IN Semarang coastal area: Epidemiology descriptive case and bionomic vector. Indonesian Journal of Tropical and Infectious Disease 7(6), 144.

Muyot B. 2019. Nearly half of all dengue in the Philippines are children under nine years old. Save the Children.

Naish S, Dale P, Mackenzie JS, McBride J, Mengersen K, Tong S. 2014. Climate change and dengue: a critical and systematic review of quantitative modelling approaches. BMC Infectectious Diseases 14, 167.

Ooi EE, Goh KT, Gubler DJ. 2006. Dengue prevention and 35 years of vector control in Singapore. Emerging Infectious Diseases 12(6), 887-893.

Pandey N, Nagar R, Gupta S, Omprakash Khan D, Singh DD, Mishra G, Prakash S, Singh KP, Singh M, Jain A. 2012.Trend of dengue virus infection at Lucknow, north India (2008- 2010): A hospital-based study. The Indian Journal of Medical Research 136(5), 862-867.

Pasay JME, Awa AL, Ocapan JG. 2013. Incidence of dengue in Ozamiz City, Philippines. Journal of Multidisciplinary Studies 2(1).

Prasith N, Keosavanh O, Phengxay M, Stone S, Lewis HC, Tsuyuoka R. 2013. Assessment of gender distribution in dengue surveillance data, the Lao people’s democratic republic. Western Pacific Surveillance Response Journal 4, 17-24.

Rahman M, Rahman K, Siddque AK, Shoma S, Kamal AHM, Ali KS. 2002. First outbreak of dengue hemorrhagic fever, Bangladesh. Emergng Infectious Diseases 8, 738-40.

Reiny S. 2019. 2015-2016 El Nino Triggered Disease Outbreaks Across Globe. NASA’s earth Science.

Rigaud KK, de Sherbinin A, Jones B, Bergmann J, Clement V, Ober K, Schewe J, Adamo S, McCusker B, Heuser S, Midgley A. 2018. Groundswell: Preparing for internal climate migration. The World Bank.

Rohani A, Wong YC, Zamre I, Lee HL, Zurainee MN. 2009. The effect of extrinsic incubation temperature on development of dengue serotype 2 and 4 viruses in Aedes aegypti (L.). The Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health 40(5), 942-950.

Seidahmed OM, Eltahir EA. 2016. A Sequence of Flushing and Drying of Breeding Habitats of Aedes aegypti (L.) Prior to the Low Dengue Season in Singapore. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases 10(7), e0004842.

Thammapalo S, Chongsuwiwatwong V, McNeil D, Geater A. 2005. The climatic factors influencing the occurrence of dengue hemorrhagic fever in Thailand. The Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health 36(1), 191-196.

Tsuzuki A, Huynh T, Tsunoda T, Luu L, Kawada H, Takagi M. 2009. Effect of existing practices on reducing Aedes aegypti preadults in key breeding containers in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. American Journal of Tropical Medicine Hygiene 80(5), 752-7.

Tun-Lin W, Burkot TR, Kay BH. 2000. Effects of temperature and larval diet on development 476 rates and survival of the dengue vector Aedes aegypti in north Queensland, Australia. Med 477, 31-37.

Wai KT, Arunachalam N, Tana S, Espino F, Kittayapong P, Abeyewickreme W, Hapangama D, Tyagi BK, Htun PT, Koyadun S, Kroeger A, Sommerfeld J, Petzold M. 2012. Estimating dengue vector abundance in the wet and dry season: Implications for targeted vector control in urban and peri-urban Asia. Pathogens and Global Health 106(8), 436-445.

Weeraratne TC, Perera MDB, Mansoor M, Karunaratne S. 2013. Prevalence and breeding habitats of the dengue vectors Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae) in the semi-urban areas of two different climatic zones in Sri Lanka. International Journal of Tropical Insect Science 33(4), 216-226.

Wegbreit J. 2000. The possible effects of temperature and precipitation on dengue morbidity in Trinidad and Tobago: a retrospective longitudinal study. Population-Environment Dynamics: Issues and Policy (University of Michigan, School of Natural Resources and Environment).

Wong LP, Shakir SM, Atefi N, AbuBakar S. 2015. Factors affecting dengue prevention practices: nationwide survey of the Malaysian public. PloS One 10(4), e0122890.

World Health Organization Western Pacific Region Emerging Disease Surveillance and Response: Dengue Situation Updates. WPRO 2014. 2013.

World Meteorological Organization. 2016. Philippines – Mindanao: Impact of El Niño (January 2016).

Xu L, Stige LC, Chan KS, Zhou J, Yang J, Sang S, Stenseth NC. 2017. Climate variation drives dengue dynamics. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 114(1), 113-118.

Yang T, Lu L, Fu G, Zhong S, Ding G, Xu R, Zhu G, Shi N, Fan F, Liu Q. 2009. Epidemiology and vector efficiency during a dengue fever outbreak in Cixi, Zhejiang Province, China. Journal of the Society for Vector Ecology 34(1), 148-154.

Yew YW, Ye T, Ang LW, Ng LC, Yap G, James L, Chew SK, Goh KT. 2009. Seroepidemiology of dengue virus infection among adults in Singapore. Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore 38, 667-75.